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SAT Practice: Materials and Their Properties (2013/Levels 3-5)

In this worksheet students practise the 2013 SAT style questions similar of those contained in past SAT papers.

'SAT Practice: Materials and Their Properties (2013/Levels 3-5)' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Practice Papers

Curriculum subtopic:  SAT Practice Papers

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

This worksheet contains 20 SAT style questions, focusing on the Materials and Their Properties topic (SAT 2013).

These questions are typical of the type students will come across during the examination and are appropriate for those students who will sit the level 3-5 paper.

 

This worksheet covers the whole of Materials and Their Properties. Its major assessment focus is knowledge and understanding.

Every substance or material can be arranged into one of three groups.

Which one of the following groups is the correct one?

liquid, solid and gas

liquid, solid and plasma

Plants grow in the soil.

 

What are the four substances that soil is made from?

air, humus, rock fragments and fire

air, humus, rock fragments and water

Some people add sugar to their hot drinks like coffee and tea.

When sugar is added to hot drinks like coffee and tea, a sweet solution is made.

Add one word to the end of this statement describing what happens when sugar is added to a cup of coffee:

 

A sweet solution is made when sugar is added to a cup of coffee, the sugar has _________ .

Which one of the following solids will dissolve in water?

sand

sugar

brick dust

Irreversible changes last forever.

Frying an egg is an example of an irreversible change because you cannot change the egg back to how it was before.

 

Which one of the following examples is not an irreversible change?

baking a cake

burning paper

melting ice

Which statement about heat is correct?

 

Heat always moves from a cool area to a warmer one.

Heat always moves from a warm area to a cooler one.

When sugar is added to a hot drink, it makes a sweet solution because the sugar is soluble.

What word is used to describe a substance such as sand that does not dissolve in water?

Write one word. 

When insoluble sand is added to water, a mixture is made.

Add one word to complete the sentence.

 

A mixture of sand and water can be separated by _________ . 

We can use a thermometer to measure temperature.

At what temperature does water freeze?

0 degrees Celsius

0 degrees Fahrenheit

100 degrees Celsius

100 degrees Fahrenheit

Metals such as copper are used in many different structures.

The properties of metals such as copper make them very useful.

Identify from the list below three properties of a metal.

hard

poor conductors

shiny

strong

Rocks have different properties which make them useful for different roles.

Slate is used widely as a building material, it is especially used for roofs.

Slate is a hard rock and does not allow water to soak through it.

What is the word we use to describe this property of slate?

impermeable

permeable

Glass is used to make windows.

Complete the sentence.

 

Glass is extremely useful as a material for making windows because it is _____________ .

opaque

transparent

Magnetism is a useful property of metals.

Magnetic materials are attracted to magnets.

Which metal is not magnetic?

aluminium

iron

steel

Air is a gas. Air is a mixture of gasses such as oxygen and nitrogen.

Which statement about gasses is true? 

The shape and volume of a gas do not change.

The shape of a gas can change but not its volume.

A gas has the same shape and volume as the container it is in.

Copper wire is usually covered in plastic.

Plastic is flexible.

What other property of plastic makes it useful for covering wire?

Please remember to start your sentence with a capital letter and add a full stop at the end.

Chocolate is usually a solid at room temperature.

When chocolate is warmed it melts and becomes a liquid, however this liquid will "set" and become a solid if it is allowed to cool.

Complete the sentence.

 

Freezing and melting are examples of ______________ changes. 

irreversible

reversible

We burn fuels such as oil and gas to release energy.

 

 

Identify two useful forms of energy that are released when we burn fuels such as oil and gas.

heat

kinetic

light

sound

This diagram shows the water cycle.

 

 

Complete the sentence.

 

Heat from the Sun makes the water in the sea ___________ . 

condense

evaporate

The soil in this person's hands is a mixture of different solids.

 

Complete the sentence.

 

A mixture of solids can be separated by ___________ .

filtering

sieving

This girl is writing on a blackboard using chalk.

 

Why is this girl using chalk to write with?

Chalk is a hard rock, it will mark the blackboard easily.

Chalk is a soft rock, it will crumble easily and leave a residue on the blackboard.

  • Question 1

Every substance or material can be arranged into one of three groups.

Which one of the following groups is the correct one?

CORRECT ANSWER
liquid, solid and gas
EDDIE SAYS
All materials can be classified as a solid, liquid or gas.
Some substances such as water can be solid (ice) when the temperature is very low, liquid (its usual appearance), and gas (steam) when the temperature is very high.
  • Question 2

Plants grow in the soil.

 

What are the four substances that soil is made from?

CORRECT ANSWER
air, humus, rock fragments and water
EDDIE SAYS
Humus is dead animal and plant material that is being broken down (rotting).
  • Question 3

Some people add sugar to their hot drinks like coffee and tea.

When sugar is added to hot drinks like coffee and tea, a sweet solution is made.

Add one word to the end of this statement describing what happens when sugar is added to a cup of coffee:

 

A sweet solution is made when sugar is added to a cup of coffee, the sugar has _________ .

CORRECT ANSWER
dissolved
EDDIE SAYS
Some solids will dissolve when they are added to liquids. When a solid dissolves in a liquid a solution is made.
  • Question 4

Which one of the following solids will dissolve in water?

CORRECT ANSWER
sugar
EDDIE SAYS
Sugar will dissolve in water.
  • Question 5

Irreversible changes last forever.

Frying an egg is an example of an irreversible change because you cannot change the egg back to how it was before.

 

Which one of the following examples is not an irreversible change?

CORRECT ANSWER
melting ice
EDDIE SAYS
When ice melts it turns from a solid to a liquid. If this water is then returned to the freezer it will solidify and become ice again.
  • Question 6

Which statement about heat is correct?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Heat always moves from a warm area to a cooler one.
EDDIE SAYS
Warm objects, such as a hot drink, always give heat out to the surroundings. This is why a hot drink will cool down over time if it is not drunk.
  • Question 7

When sugar is added to a hot drink, it makes a sweet solution because the sugar is soluble.

What word is used to describe a substance such as sand that does not dissolve in water?

Write one word. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Insoluble
insoluble
EDDIE SAYS
An insoluble substance will not dissolve in water. The insoluble substance will settle in the bottom of the container.
  • Question 8

When insoluble sand is added to water, a mixture is made.

Add one word to complete the sentence.

 

A mixture of sand and water can be separated by _________ . 

CORRECT ANSWER
Filtration
filtration
EDDIE SAYS
When a mixture of insoluble solid and water are filtered, the insoluble solid (sand) is trapped by the filter paper. The water passes through the paper and is collected in a beaker.
  • Question 9

We can use a thermometer to measure temperature.

At what temperature does water freeze?

CORRECT ANSWER
0 degrees Celsius
EDDIE SAYS
Pure water freezes at zero degrees Celsius. Water is the only liquid that freezes at zero and boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
  • Question 10

Metals such as copper are used in many different structures.

The properties of metals such as copper make them very useful.

Identify from the list below three properties of a metal.

CORRECT ANSWER
hard
shiny
strong
EDDIE SAYS
Metals are excellent conductors of both electricity and heat.
  • Question 11

Rocks have different properties which make them useful for different roles.

Slate is used widely as a building material, it is especially used for roofs.

Slate is a hard rock and does not allow water to soak through it.

What is the word we use to describe this property of slate?

CORRECT ANSWER
impermeable
EDDIE SAYS
An impermeable rock does not allow water to soak through it. Instead water runs off it.
  • Question 12

Glass is used to make windows.

Complete the sentence.

 

Glass is extremely useful as a material for making windows because it is _____________ .

CORRECT ANSWER
transparent
EDDIE SAYS
Glass is see-through or transparent. A material that is not see-through is known as opaque.
  • Question 13

Magnetism is a useful property of metals.

Magnetic materials are attracted to magnets.

Which metal is not magnetic?

CORRECT ANSWER
aluminium
EDDIE SAYS
Iron is the most magnetic metal. Steel is an alloy, but it is magnetic because it contains iron.
Aluminium is not magnetic.
  • Question 14

Air is a gas. Air is a mixture of gasses such as oxygen and nitrogen.

Which statement about gasses is true? 

CORRECT ANSWER
A gas has the same shape and volume as the container it is in.
EDDIE SAYS
A gas completely fills the container it is in. A gas that is not contained in a container will continue to spread out and its volume will increase.
  • Question 15

Copper wire is usually covered in plastic.

Plastic is flexible.

What other property of plastic makes it useful for covering wire?

Please remember to start your sentence with a capital letter and add a full stop at the end.

CORRECT ANSWER
Plastic is an insulator.
EDDIE SAYS
Plastic is an insulator, it does not conduct electricity or heat.
Copper wires are coated in plastic to make them safe to use.
  • Question 16

Chocolate is usually a solid at room temperature.

When chocolate is warmed it melts and becomes a liquid, however this liquid will "set" and become a solid if it is allowed to cool.

Complete the sentence.

 

Freezing and melting are examples of ______________ changes. 

CORRECT ANSWER
reversible
EDDIE SAYS
Freezing and melting are examples of reversible changes. You can easily change the state of substance back to what it was before the change took place.
  • Question 17

We burn fuels such as oil and gas to release energy.

 

 

Identify two useful forms of energy that are released when we burn fuels such as oil and gas.

CORRECT ANSWER
heat
light
EDDIE SAYS
Heat energy is the most useful form of energy released when a fuel is burned.
Light energy is also given off when a fuel is burned.
  • Question 18

This diagram shows the water cycle.

 

 

Complete the sentence.

 

Heat from the Sun makes the water in the sea ___________ . 

CORRECT ANSWER
evaporate
EDDIE SAYS
During the water cycle, water evaporates from seas, lakes and rivers. The water vapour cools as it rises and then condenses to form rain clouds.
  • Question 19

The soil in this person's hands is a mixture of different solids.

 

Complete the sentence.

 

A mixture of solids can be separated by ___________ .

CORRECT ANSWER
sieving
EDDIE SAYS
A sieve is a metallic or wooden mesh containing very small holes. Large particles cannot pass through the holes whilst smaller particles can.
In this case, small soil particles will pass through the sieve, larger stones will be left in the sieve.
  • Question 20

This girl is writing on a blackboard using chalk.

 

Why is this girl using chalk to write with?

CORRECT ANSWER
Chalk is a soft rock, it will crumble easily and leave a residue on the blackboard.
EDDIE SAYS
Chalk is a soft rock and so ideal for writing with. In the old days teachers used to write on blackboards using chalk. It got very dusty!
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