Understand the features of explanation texts
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  • Introduction
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Explanation texts (sometimes called explanatory texts) explain how or why something happens.

Examples could include 'How a hovercraft works' or 'How bees make honey.'

 

They often have the following features.

 

1) The opening sentence introduces the topic to be explained.

 

2) This is followed by a series of steps to explain how or why things happen.

 

3) They usually contain sequencing connectives (e.g. first, next, finally) and cause and effect connectives (e.g. because,as a consequence of this).

 

4) They are usually written in the present tense.

 

5) They often contain passive sentences. (e.g. Honey is made by bees.)

 

6) Diagrams and pictures are often used.

  • Question 1
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Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts describe how or why something happens.

true

false

  • Question 2
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Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts are always written in the passive voice.

true

false

  • Question 3
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Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts usually include cause and effect connectives.

true

false

  • Question 4
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Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Diagrams can be useful in explanation texts.

true

false

  • Question 5
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Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts and non-chronological reports are the same thing.

true

false

  • Question 6
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Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts are always written in the present tense.

true

false

  • Question 7
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Pictures and photographs in explanation texts usually have captions. What are these for?

to explain what is in the picture

to make the picture more interesting

to attract the reader's attention

  • Question 8
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Why is it important to divide the main part of an explanation text into paragraphs?

to help the reader know what the explanation is about

to break up the information into sections and make it easier to read

to make the explanation longer

  • Question 9
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Cause and effect connectives are useful in explanation texts.

 

Which of the following are cause and effect connectives? Tick three boxes.

because

finally

therefore

unless

as a result of this

while

  • Question 10
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Sequencing connectives are useful in explanation texts.

 

Which of the following are sequencing connectives? Tick three boxes.

until

although

and

next

because

finally

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