Animal Adaptations to Habitats
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  • Introduction
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Animals come in a huge variety of colours, shapes and sizes!

HUMMINGBIRD PANDA SEALION

 

These differences are for very special reasons. Animals have evolved to ADAPT to their habitat.  Think of an animal - any animal! Every organism is adapted to live in its habitat. This means that it will be able to grow and reproduce.

 

Some animals are adapted to live in water, like the lionseal.

Some animals have adaptations which allow them to eat food which others can not reach, like the humming bird, which drinks nectar.

Some animals have evolved colours and patterns which allow them to blend in to their habitat, like the giant panda which blends into shaded bamboo forests.

  • Question 1
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Animals which swim in water - frogs, swans, otters - have... 

lifejackets

webbed feet

arm bands

  • Question 2
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Some animals are adapted to watery habitats in other ways. This diving beetle and waterboatmen have which adaptation?

strong, muscular legs

wings

wet suits

  • Question 3
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Sealions have adapted to living in the sea where they catch their food. They too have webbed flippers. Which two of these adaptations do they also have?

streamlined body

scuba diving gear

radar

thick layer of fat under the skin

  • Question 4
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Polar bears live on the ice and snow in the Arctic. Their favourite food is seal.

Match up the adaptation with its function.

Column A

Column B

large paws
camouflage
layer of fat under the skin
spreds weight on soft snow
white coat
keeps in body heat
huge, sharp canine teeth
grabbing and tearing meat
  • Question 5
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If you live in the water, you need to be able to breathe!

Animals have adapted different ways of doing this. Which part of the shark allows it to breathe in the water?

  • Question 6
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Shark teeth are adapted to eating... 

ham sandwiches

seaweed

other animals

  • Question 7
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Badgers live in woodland habitats. They dig setts deep under ground and one of their favourite snacks is earthworms.

What do badgers have which makes them excellent diggers?

pneumatic drills

long, strong claws

sharp teeth

  • Question 8
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Some animals have adapted to being active at night time when it is dark. What word do scientists use to describe these animals? 

nocturnal

diurnal

normal

  • Question 9
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Which three of these adaptations do we find in a range of nocturnal animals? 

sensitive hearing

wings

echo-location

eyes that can see in the dark

feathers

  • Question 10
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Which of these nocturnal animals uses echo-location? 

owls

cats

bats

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