### Year 3, 4, 5 & 6

Kick Start the Autumn Term with EdPlace!

We know that beginning of the school year can be tough, so we’ve created our Kick Start Maths Package to give you and your child a head start on the autumn term. We’ll help you get familiar with where your child is at in Maths so that you can help them, more specifically, with what you can prepare for in the autumn term.

Our Kick Start Package includes:

• A brief overview of what pupils will learn in Maths in year 3, 4, 5 and 6 with the autumn term’s focus areas and main topics.*
• The EdPlace Maths Assessment that helps identify what level your child is at.
• Tailored package of Maths tutorial worksheets and videos for your child. Assign and measure your child’s progress during the autumn term.
• Home Extension Ideas - exclusive tips and ideas from our Maths teacher on how to bring Maths into everyday activities.
• Badges and Rewards - exclusive Kick Start badges awarded to your child for completion on each level.

*Please note that whilst there is an overall scheme with the National Curriculum requirements for the individual years, different schools will go different ways so our overview may not exactly correlate with what you experience.

During year 3, children need to confidently know and be able to apply their 3, 4 and 8 times tables in addition to those already learnt. Their understanding of place value, now including the hundreds column, should be secure enough to allow them to fluently add or subtract 10 or 100 from any number. They will also develop their estimating skills and understand that they can check addition using subtraction and vice-versa. Some totally new significant concepts introduced at this stage include negative numbers, right angles and doing simple calculations with fractions. In fact, fractions take on greater importance when tenths are introduced and children start representing equivalent fractions in pictures. Children will be adding and subtracting everything that they’ve been measuring and need to be able to tell the time fluently. They also need to understand how seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months and years are related. Finally, in year 3, they encounter scales on bar charts and will need to interpret these accurately in order to compare data.

Children will be expected to know all of their times tables up to 12x12 and to apply this knowledge to questions. Their understanding of place value moves to the thousands column which should allow them to compare and round numbers, to add 1000 to any number and to use columns to add or subtract four-digit numbers. At this stage, children get familiar with Roman Numerals and can interpret them accurately. They also multiply two or three-digit numbers by single digits. The understanding of fractions and their link to decimals deepens at this stage as they start to see ‘families’ of equivalent fractions and understand how to convert any number of tenths or hundredths into a decimal. Children continue to develop their fluency with time and can convert between digital and analogue clocks and from hours to minutes to seconds. Year 4 children are also introduced to coordinates and continue to work with different types of graphs, including time graphs.

Children should now be comfortable working with numbers up to one million. They should be able to write, order and round them while fully understanding the value of every digit in the number. They should use known mathematical facts, e.g. times tables, number bonds to 10, etc. to practise manipulating larger numbers in their head and will need to decide from the context of any question whether they need to add or subtract. Their understanding of roman numerals will stretch into the thousands allowing them to interpret years from the past. Understanding the make-up of a number takes centre stage too with factors and primes being introduced. Children will also start to become familiar with squaring and cubing numbers and their notation. As they continue working with harder fractions, they will need to use their knowledge of decimals and percentages and how to convert from one to another to support them. In the world of geometry, children encounter composite shapes, that is to say a shape made up of many rectangles, and will measure, estimate and calculate perimeters and areas. Finally, acute, obtuse and reflex angles are studied and the importance of 360° is uncovered.

By now, children’s grasp of place value, including decimals, should be totally secure. They need to see negative numbers in context and be able to do calculations that go across zero. They are also expected to use estimation and rounding to check the accuracy of any answer. Building on previous years’ work, they should be tackling increasingly complex mental calculations using common factors and multiples to support them. BIDMAS – the order of operations - is introduced in year 6 and children need to apply this to their work. There is a significant step forward here in deciding what to do instead of just doing it. This may be in terms of which of the 4 operators to use in order to complete any worded problem, how and when to apply the formula for finding the area of a triangle or when to convert from miles to kilometres. There is increased emphasis on applying your knowledge and understanding to solve problems, e.g. equivalent fractions to add fractions with different denominators, ratios to make scales drawings and algebra to solve missing number problems. Children enjoy making and manipulating the nets of 3D shapes and will learn to calculate the (mean) average of data they encounter.

## Find out your child’s Maths level with The EdPlace Online Assessment

Our Maths teacher has created 3 levels, depending on the scores:

• 1. Bronze Mathematician (0-9 points)
• 2. Silver Mathematician (10-35 points)
• 3. Gold Mathematician (36-60 points)

You'll learn from the assessment which level your child is at. Follow our easy step-by-step guide:

• 1. Click on the + sign to open the Maths Assessment
• 2. Now your child can work through the questions carefully (in this test, they’ll find 30 main questions and some sub-questions).
• 3. On the last screen you’ll see your child’s score. Use this score to understand where your child is currently performing.
• 4. Scroll down to Assign & Track Progress section. Based on your child’s score, you’ll find the list of recommended tutorial worksheets.
• 5. Assign the worksheets, track their progress in your account and see their results during the autumn term.

## Home Extensions

Bring Maths into everyday activities with this fun home extension Maths activity.

As autumn comes and the leaves fall, go to the park and collect leaves off the ground at random. It would be great if this park contained a variety of trees!

• Investigate online what types of leaves you have collected, e.g. ash, elm, oak.
• Count up how many of each leaf type you have. Try counting in ones or skip counting in 2s, 3s, 5s or 10s. Which is easier? Which is quicker?
• Make a tally chart with these species as titles and tally per leaf type
•  Elm Oak Ash III II IIII
• Can you use your data to find the mean number of leaves of each type?
• What is the most popular leaf? What is the least popular? What is the range of your data?
• Make a bar chart of your results
• How else could you display your data? What theme could you use?
• Do you think you would get the same results on a different day or in a different park?