# Apply The Relationship Practice 1

In this practice exercise, students will match pairs of shape-based symbols in the same way as a pair of examples. It will develop their ability to categorise and use skills such as rotation and mirror imaging under timed conditions.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Exam-Style Questions: Spatial & Non-Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Exam-Style Questions: Apply the Relationship

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

If you are unsure of an answer move on to the next question.  You should come back to questions you found difficult at the end if you have time.

Take a look at this example:

Which of these options would the final shape turn into??

a)         b)         c)         d)

The theme is that the second image has been rotated 90 degrees anti-clockwise and is shaded in the opposite way to the first.

To find the image which best completes the final pair, we have to find one that has been rotated 90 degrees anti-clockwise and is shaded in the opposite way.

If we apply this, we find that the answer is b!

Now it's time to begin this practice exercise.  Good luck!

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

• Question 1

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
What changes did you spot here shape sorter? There were a whooping THREE to identify: 1. The white parts have turned black. 2. The black parts have turned white. 3. The top and bottom outlines of the outer shape have become dashed. We need to follow these same three steps with the first image in the second pair. If we change the inner square to black and the outer one to white, plus change the upper and lower outlines of the outer shape to dashed lines, we reach option c. Phew! There was a lot to do in that question wasn\'t there?
• Question 2

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
What has changed here? This is a tricky one detective because, once again, there are three changes! Did you spot them all? 1. The arrow has been flipped vertically to create a mirror image. 2. The black section has become grey. 3. The white section has been replaced with a criss-cross pattern. If we apply all these changes to the first shape in the second pair, we will reach the correct answer which is option b.
• Question 3

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Great try, shape detective! How has the first image of the first pair changed to become the second image? This is a reflection-themed question, as the first image has flipped underneath creating a horizontal reflection whilst the original image has stayed on top. The reason this is tricky to spot is because the first pair uses a 3D shape (we can see more than one side) whereas the second uses a 2D (flat) shape. However, if you just apply the same logic of flipping the top shape underneath in a horizontal reflection, we reach the answer of option c.
• Question 4

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
How have these funny shape creatures changed here? Two things have changed: 1. The inside shape (i.e. the creature\'s body) has been enlarged. 2. The creature\'s legs have changed from being straight lines to curvy. Let\'s follow these steps to find the missing creature. This will help us to see that option e is the best fit in this second pair.
• Question 5

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
What has changed here? 1. The main outer shape has rotated 90 degrees clockwise. 2. The large black shape in the lower half has shrunk in size. 3. The small white shape in the upper half has been enlarged. If we carefully apply these steps to the first image in the second pair, we reach option b. Make sure you take your time with questions like these, as all the options look VERY similar.
• Question 6

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
How has our cute, little bug changed in the first pair? 1. It has been rotated 180 degrees or half a turn. 2. Its body has had a criss-cross pattern added to it. 3. It has lost one pair of legs (ouch!). If we apply these same changes to the first bug in the second pair, we find that the missing bug will look like bug d. Option e looks very close to being correct too, but if you look really carefully, you can see that it has lost 2 pairs of legs instead of 1. Option b also looks pretty close, but the bug has had a cheeky smile added too, which is not a change we saw in the first pair. Well done if you spotted those red herrings!
• Question 7

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Two changes have occurred to these bug friends. Did you spot them both? 1. The bug\'s body has changed from white to black. 2. The bug\'s legs have flipped upside down. This would make an interesting walk! If we apply the same changes to the first bug in the second pair, we find that the best fit is option a.
• Question 8

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Here are some more bugs to add to our collection? How has this first pair changed? 1. Those cute, big bug eyes have been made smaller. 2. The whole bug has rotated 90 degrees in a clockwise direction. If we apply these same changes to the first bug in the second pair, we reach option d. We have really needed to get our detective\'s microscope out with these bugs to spot all the tiny changes and be sure not to miss any!
• Question 9

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Phew, back to some shapes! What has changed in the first pair here? 1. The whole shape has been enlarged. 2. The white sections have become grey, the grey sections have become black, and the black sections have become white. If we apply all these changes to the first triangle in the second pair, we find that option e is the best fit. There were four changes to notice here so that\'s a brilliant piece of detective work if you managed to spot them all and find the correct answer.
• Question 10

Look at the first pair of images.

What is the relationship between them?

Which of the images below would complete the second pair in the same way as the first?

EDDIE SAYS
Final question! We need to look at some creepy eyeballs here! What changes did you spot? There were two main ones: 1. The shape has flipped over or been turned through 180 degrees. 2. The white and black segments have swapped over. Let\'s apply these steps to the circular shape which starts the second pair. The join will now be at the top of the shape, so we can choose between option a and c. In option a the shading has not been swapped but in option c it has, which makes it the correct answer. Well done superstar spotter, there was certainly a lot to observe in this activity!
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