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Understand the Features of Instructional Texts

In this worksheet, students consider the language conventions and grammatical features of instructional texts.

'Understand the Features of Instructional Texts' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   English

Curriculum subtopic:   Standard Comprehension

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Instructional texts include recipes, directions and instructions for playing games or building models.

They often have the following features.

 

1) The title states the goal to be achieved (e.g. How to build a model of the Eiffel Tower).

 

2) This is followed by a list of the materials needed.

 

3) The steps that need to be taken are then given in the correct order.

 

4) Numbers or bullet points are often used.

 

5) Sentences often start with imperative verbs (e.g. Glue the pieces together).

 

6) Sequencing connectives are used (e.g. first, then, finally).

 

7) The text is often illustrated with photographs or diagrams.

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Instructional texts usually start by stating the aim of the instructions, e.g. 'How to make chocolate fudge'.

true

false

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Numbered lists are never used in instructional texts.

true

false

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.


It is better not to use any adjectives in instructional texts as they are not necessary.

true

false

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Diagrams are often used in instructional texts.

true

false

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false

 

Instructional texts use the passive verb form.

true

false

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

You should use language that is clear and easy to understand when writing instructional texts.

true

false

Which of the following is the most important reason why diagrams are included in many instructional texts?

They grab the reader's attention.

They help readers understand what to do.

They make the text more interesting.

Which of the following connectives are you most likely to find in an instructional text? Tick three boxes.

but

next

finally

however

first

although

All the sentences below except one contain verbs in the imperative form. Tick the odd one out.

Beat the flour and sugar together with a metal spoon.

The biscuits should be kept in an air-tight tin.

Stir the mixture until the butter has melted.

Leave the biscuits to cool on the baking tray.

Which of the following features can also be useful in instructional texts?

photographs

maps

graphs and charts

all of these features, depending on the type of instructions

  • Question 1

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Instructional texts usually start by stating the aim of the instructions, e.g. 'How to make chocolate fudge'.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
  • Question 2

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Numbered lists are never used in instructional texts.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
  • Question 3

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.


It is better not to use any adjectives in instructional texts as they are not necessary.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
Adjectives can be essential as part of an instruction. For example, the word \'cool\' is an adjective in the following instruction: Leave the cake in the baking tin until it is cool.
  • Question 4

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Diagrams are often used in instructional texts.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
  • Question 5

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false

 

Instructional texts use the passive verb form.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
The imperative verb form is generally used. We write \'Put the biscuits into the oven\', not \'The biscuits are put into the oven\'.
  • Question 6

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

You should use language that is clear and easy to understand when writing instructional texts.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
The main aim of instructions is to help someone understand how to do something, so they should be as clear as possible.
  • Question 7

Which of the following is the most important reason why diagrams are included in many instructional texts?

CORRECT ANSWER
They help readers understand what to do.
EDDIE SAYS
Diagrams do all three of these, but their main function is to help the reader understand what to do, as it is not always easy to picture something from a written description.
  • Question 8

Which of the following connectives are you most likely to find in an instructional text? Tick three boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
next
finally
first
  • Question 9

All the sentences below except one contain verbs in the imperative form. Tick the odd one out.

CORRECT ANSWER
The biscuits should be kept in an air-tight tin.
  • Question 10

Which of the following features can also be useful in instructional texts?

CORRECT ANSWER
all of these features, depending on the type of instructions
EDDIE SAYS
It depends what type of instructions you are writing. For example, if you are giving directions to someone then a map is very useful.
---- OR ----

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