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Understand and Apply Conjunctions

In this worksheet, students will be asked to understand the different types of conjunctions and how they can be used effectively within their writing.

'Understand and Apply Conjunctions' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Exam-Style Questions: SATs English

Curriculum subtopic:   Exam-Style Questions: Spellings

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Good job! You have taken the time to practise some SATs practice SPAG questions.

 

This practice SPAG activity will help you to answer questions in SATS Paper 2 about 'conjunctions'.

 

What is a conjunction?

 

Think of a conjunction as a joining word that will link different parts of a sentence together.

A conjunction will connect two clauses in a sentence.

Sometimes conjunctions are called connectives, but it is very important that you use conjunction; this is the correct term and the one that shall be used in your SATs test paper.

 

There are two types of conjunction we need to learn about...

 

1. Co-ordinating conjunction

 

A co-ordinating conjunction will be used to link two parts of a sentence that are equally as important.

For example:

  • but
  • and
  • or
  • yet
  • so
  • nor

 

Here is a sentence with a co-ordinating conjunction:

I am going shopping and I will buy my lunch in the cafe.

 

2. Subordinating conjunction

 

A subordinating conjunction has a different job; it will introduce a clause that does not make sense on its own (a subordinate clause).

For example:

  • when 
  • where 
  • why
  • unless
  • because
  • after 
  • if

 

Here is a sentence with a subordinating conjunction:

I feel so happy whenever you are near!

 

Can you write down the conjunction from the sentence below?

 

Ahmed sprinted to the park but it was far too wet to play on the slide.

 

Can you identify the conjunction in this sentence?

 

It was pitch black outside so Bob switched on his torch.

 

Read the sentence below carefully and write the conjunction:

 

He'll be here soon although he may be late.

Can you choose the correct conjunction for each of the gaps in the sentences?

 

You can only use each word once.

 

although     until     because

 

Choose the correct conjunction for each of the gaps in the sentences...

 

You can only use each word once.

 

as soon as     although     until

 

What is the word 'or' in this sentence?

 

Choose one option.

 

You can go to the cinema or you can watch a film at home.

 

A preposition

An adverb

A verb

A conjunction

What is the word 'whereas' in this sentence?

 

Choose one option.

 

Winnie is very bold, whereas Tina is not.

 

Co-ordinating conjunction

Subordinating conjunction

Tick one conjunction to complete the sentence.

 

Eleanor doesn't like swimming ___ the pool is too hot.

 

yet

nor

if

until

Read this sentence carefully and decide whether the word 'after' is used as a preposition or a subordinating conjunction.

 

After they pass the train station, they must turn to the right.

 

Preposition

Subordinating conjunction

Can you identify whether the word 'until' is used as a preposition or a subordinating conjunction?

 

We played games until midnight.

 

Preposition

Subordinating conjunction

  • Question 1

Can you write down the conjunction from the sentence below?

 

Ahmed sprinted to the park but it was far too wet to play on the slide.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
but
EDDIE SAYS
That's a good start! Often in a SATs SPAG paper, a question will ask you to identify the conjunction. 'But' is a co-ordinating conjunction that joins two clauses of equal importance together. Now, let's keep going!
  • Question 2

Can you identify the conjunction in this sentence?

 

It was pitch black outside so Bob switched on his torch.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
so
EDDIE SAYS
Great work if you spotted that the conjunction is 'so'. 'So' is a co-ordinating conjunction that joins two clauses of equal importance together. Onto the next question now, remember practice makes perfect!
  • Question 3

Read the sentence below carefully and write the conjunction:

 

He'll be here soon although he may be late.

CORRECT ANSWER
although
EDDIE SAYS
Are you feeling more confident? 'Although' is a subordinating conjunction that introduces the subordinate clause...'he may be late.' Keep going, you've got this!
  • Question 4

Can you choose the correct conjunction for each of the gaps in the sentences?

 

You can only use each word once.

 

although     until     because

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
You are making great progress...there was a lot to think about there! When filling in a gap, it is a great idea to read each sentence to yourself using each of the options; you'll soon spot which conjunction works best!
  • Question 5

Choose the correct conjunction for each of the gaps in the sentences...

 

You can only use each word once.

 

as soon as     although     until

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Don't be afraid to give it a go! Remember to try each option, in each gap to find which conjunction works best. These are all examples of subordinating conjunctions. Keep going, you are over halfway there and are doing really well!
  • Question 6

What is the word 'or' in this sentence?

 

Choose one option.

 

You can go to the cinema or you can watch a film at home.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
A conjunction
EDDIE SAYS
Did you sport that 'or' is used as a conjunction in this sentence? It is used as a co-ordinating conjunction to join together two clauses of equal value. In the SATs paper, you will need to understand what each of these 4 options means, there will be a few multiple-choice questions like this one.
  • Question 7

What is the word 'whereas' in this sentence?

 

Choose one option.

 

Winnie is very bold, whereas Tina is not.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Subordinating conjunction
EDDIE SAYS
Nice job if you chose 'subordinating conjunction'. 'Whereas' has been used to introduce the subordinate clause that would not make sense on its own. Keep up the hard work!
  • Question 8

Tick one conjunction to complete the sentence.

 

Eleanor doesn't like swimming ___ the pool is too hot.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
if
EDDIE SAYS
Keep trying to get it right! Put each conjunction into the gap and see which fits best. In this example, the conjunction 'if' makes the most grammatical sense. I'm sure Eleanor doesn't like the pool much if it is too cold either!
  • Question 9

Read this sentence carefully and decide whether the word 'after' is used as a preposition or a subordinating conjunction.

 

After they pass the train station, they must turn to the right.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Subordinating conjunction
EDDIE SAYS
This is a tricky one! In this sentence, 'after' is used as a subordinating conjunction to introduce the subordinate clause. You are really getting the hang of this now- well done!
  • Question 10

Can you identify whether the word 'until' is used as a preposition or a subordinating conjunction?

 

We played games until midnight.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Preposition
EDDIE SAYS
That was a toughie to finish on! This time, 'until' is used as a preposition, it means 'up to (the time that)'. When 'until' is used as a conjunction, it will connect to an action or an event. Well done- that's another activity completed! We hope you have improved your knowledge of conjunctions and how to apply the two different types.
Try it ---- OR ----

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