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Write an Explanatory Text

In this worksheet, students practise writing an explanatory text, focusing on the language conventions and grammatical structure of an explanation.

'Write an Explanatory Text' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Writing: Composition

Curriculum subtopic:  Plan What and Who to Write For

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Explanatory texts (sometimes called explanations) explain how or why something happens.

   

Examples could include 'How a hovercraft works' or 'How bees make honey.'

 

They often have the following features.

 

1) The opening sentence introduces the topic to be explained.

 

2) This is followed by a series of steps to explain how or why things happen.

 

3) They usually contain sequencing connectives (e.g. first, next, finally) and cause and effect connectives (e.g. because,as a consequence of this).

 

4) They are usually written in the present tense.

 

5) They often contain passive sentences. (e.g. Honey is made by bees.)

 

6) Diagrams and pictures are often used.

 

In this worksheet you can practise writing an explanatory text, focusing on including the above features. Remember that you can look back at this introduction as often as you like by clicking on the Help button.

In the box below, write an explanation of something that you are familiar with, such as why birds migrate, how bees make honey or how and why volcanoes erupt. You may need to do some research in an information book or on the internet if you don't think you know enough about the subject you choose.

 

You won't be able to put in pictures or diagrams, but try to include the other features that are listed in the introduction. (Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking on the Help button.) Don't forget to write your explanation in paragraphs.

 

   

  • Question 1

In the box below, write an explanation of something that you are familiar with, such as why birds migrate, how bees make honey or how and why volcanoes erupt. You may need to do some research in an information book or on the internet if you don't think you know enough about the subject you choose.

 

You won't be able to put in pictures or diagrams, but try to include the other features that are listed in the introduction. (Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking on the Help button.) Don't forget to write your explanation in paragraphs.

 

   

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Award a maximum of 10 marks for the explanation.
1) Award one mark for an appropriate title (beginning with 'How' or 'Why').
2) Award one mark if the opening sentence introduces the topic that is to be explained.
3 and 4) Award up to two marks if connectives are used effectively. Award two marks if both sequencing and cause & effect connectives are used.
5) Award one mark if the explanation is consistently written in the present tense.
6) Award one mark if some passive sentences are included. (e.g. Birds are affected by the change in daylight hours.)
7) Award one mark if the explanation is divided into paragraphs at appropriate points.
8 to 10) Award up to three marks for the overall clarity of the explanation, considering how easy it is to understand and whether the facts are explained in a logical order.
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