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Old Words, New Words: How Language Changes 3

In this worksheet, students consider the different ways in which new words have been added to the English language.

'Old Words, New Words: How Language Changes 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Reading: Word Reading

Curriculum subtopic:  Root Word Awareness

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

New words are always being added to the English language. Sometimes a new word is simply invented, but there are many other ways for words to enter the language.

 

1) An existing word can take on a new meaning.

The word 'web' already existed before the invention of the world wide web.

 

2) The name of the inventor or producer of an item can be used as the name of the item itself.

The ball point pen was invented by a Hungarian man, Laszlo Biro, and ball point pens are now referred to simply as 'biros'.

 

3) A noun can be used as a verb and vice versa.

To 'microwave' something means to cook it in a microwave oven.

 

4) A word can be formed by combining existing words.

A shopaholic is someone who is addicted to shopping. The word comes from shopping + alcoholic. (An alcoholic is someone who is addicted to alcholic drinks.)

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

Team GB medalled in a record number of events at the London Olympics.

An old word has taken on a new meaning.

A noun is being used as a verb.

It is a combination of two existing words.

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

Dad hoovered and dusted before our visitors arrived.

It is a combination of two existing words.

It is named after a brand.

An old word has taken on a new meaning.

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

I didn't know what it was so I googled it on the internet.

It is named after a brand.

It is a combination of two existing words.

An old word has taken on a new meaning.

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

When you have finished reading the leaflet you can bin it.

It is named after a brand.

An old word has taken on a new meaning.

A noun is being used as a verb.

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

She surfed the internet for hours every day.

It is named after a brand.

An old word has taken on a new meaning.

It is a combination of two existing words.

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

Did you see the Star Wars prequel?

A noun is being used as a verb.

It is a combination of two existing words.

An old word has taken on a new meaning.

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

There were a lot of hoodies hanging around in the park.

A noun has transferred its meaning to another noun.

An old word has taken on a new meaning.

It is named after a brand.

Some words seem like they have always been in the English language but they may be newer than you think.

 

When do you think the word 'teenage' was first used in English?

1880s

1920s

1990s

When do you think the phrase 'road rage' was first used to describe the anger felt by some drivers towards other drivers?

1890s

1940s

1980s

When do you think the term 'fast food' was first used to describe food that can be prepared and served very quickly?

1860s

1950s

2000s

  • Question 1

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

Team GB medalled in a record number of events at the London Olympics.

CORRECT ANSWER
A noun is being used as a verb.
EDDIE SAYS
The verb 'to medal' is quite new in the English language. It comes from the noun 'medal'.
  • Question 2

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

Dad hoovered and dusted before our visitors arrived.

CORRECT ANSWER
It is named after a brand.
EDDIE SAYS
One of the first companies to produce vacuum cleaners was called Hoover and the brand was so popular that 'hoover' became both a noun and a verb.
  • Question 3

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

I didn't know what it was so I googled it on the internet.

CORRECT ANSWER
It is named after a brand.
EDDIE SAYS
The word is named after the internet search engine Google.
  • Question 4

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

When you have finished reading the leaflet you can bin it.

CORRECT ANSWER
A noun is being used as a verb.
  • Question 5

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

She surfed the internet for hours every day.

CORRECT ANSWER
An old word has taken on a new meaning.
EDDIE SAYS
The verb 'to surf' originally meant to ride the waves on a board, and it is still used in this way, too.
  • Question 6

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

Did you see the Star Wars prequel?

CORRECT ANSWER
It is a combination of two existing words.
EDDIE SAYS
A 'prequel' is a book or film in which the action takes place at a time before the action in an existing book or film. The word is a combination of the prefix 'pre' and the word 'sequel'.
  • Question 7

Read the following sentence and decide how the word in bold entered the English language.

 

There were a lot of hoodies hanging around in the park.

CORRECT ANSWER
A noun has transferred its meaning to another noun.
EDDIE SAYS
A 'hoody' is the name of a sweatshirt or jacket with a hood, but it is now also used to refer to people wearing hoodies.
  • Question 8

Some words seem like they have always been in the English language but they may be newer than you think.

 

When do you think the word 'teenage' was first used in English?

CORRECT ANSWER
1920s
EDDIE SAYS
The idea of there being a stage in life between being a child and an adult was unknown to Victorians. Now it is hard to imagine that there were once no 'teenagers'!
  • Question 9

When do you think the phrase 'road rage' was first used to describe the anger felt by some drivers towards other drivers?

CORRECT ANSWER
1980s
EDDIE SAYS
The number of cars on the roads has been increasing rapidly in the past decades. When there were fewer cars on the roads there was less chance of drivers getting so angry!
  • Question 10

When do you think the term 'fast food' was first used to describe food that can be prepared and served very quickly?

CORRECT ANSWER
1950s
---- OR ----

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