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Identify and Explain Key Characters and Their Development in 'A Christmas Carol'

In this worksheet, students will make sure that you be able to identify and explain the role of the key characters in A Christmas Carol.

'Identify and Explain Key Characters and Their Development in 'A Christmas Carol'' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

Curriculum topic:  

Curriculum subtopic:  

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In this worksheet, you will be able to identify and explain the key characters in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol.

 

Christmas tree.jpg

Match the characters to the correct relationship they have with Ebeneezer Scrooge.

an insomniac scrooge angry man morning.jpg

Column A

Column B

Belle
His former fiance
Fred
His employee
Bob Cratchit
His business partner
Fan
His sister
Jacob Marley
His nephew

Match the correct ghost to the description in the opposite column.


ghost.jpg

Column A

Column B

The Ghost of Christmas Past
"The phantom slowly, gravely, silently approached"
The Ghost of Yet to Come
"It was a strange figure - like a child, yet not s...
Marley's ghost
"The chain it drew was clasped around its middle"
The Ghost of Christmas Present
"Its sparkling eye, its cheery voice"

The Cratchit family live in a very small house, as they are so poor. There are eight of them in total: Mr and Mrs Cratchit and their six children. Apart from "the two little ones", who Dickens doesn't name, what are the names of the older four Cratchit children?

 

Peter

Michael

Tiny Tim

Archie

Martha

Belinda

What are the main features of the four ghosts?

 

The ghosts appear at the end of staves one, and at the start of staves two, three and four.

 

Check all correct answers which relate to each ghost.

In Stave two, the Ghost of Christmas Past shows Scrooge a scene where Belle, his former fiance, is 'releasing' Scrooge from their engagement. He has become greedy and is putting his money before her.  Belle tells Scrooge: "I have been replaced by a golden idol". 

 

What technique has Dickens used to show what Scrooge cares about mostly at this point? 

 

 

 

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

Onomatopoeia

Complete the description of Scrooge's fear as the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come encourages him to look at his own body beneath the bed sheets. 

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

Onomatopoeia

Silver and blue Christmas tree.jpg

Match the places that Scrooge is shown to the correct ghost who shows him each memory.

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

Onomatopoeia

Christmas Stocking with Present.jpg

Match the key events that show the development of Scrooge's character to the correct stave.

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

Onomatopoeia

What key descriptions can you remember about Scrooge, Bob and  Fred?

 

Remember:  Fred and Scrooge are a juxtaposition of each other - they contrast in every way possible.

 

Bob Cratchit is Scrooge's employee who is a good character, but is treated badly by Scrooge.

 

Choose the correct descriptions to match with the characters in the checkbox below: 

Finally, try this quick quiz to see how much you can remember. Good luck!

  • Question 1

Match the characters to the correct relationship they have with Ebeneezer Scrooge.

an insomniac scrooge angry man morning.jpg

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Belle
His former fiance
Fred
His nephew
Bob Cratchit
His employee
Fan
His sister
Jacob Marley
His business partner
EDDIE SAYS
Did you remember all the characters? Dickens has only one remaining family member left - Fred, his nephew. Fred is a complete contrast to Scrooge - he represents Christmas spirit and doesn't give up on Scrooge even when Scrooge is mean and rude to him. Dickens' message here is 'Be like Fred and don't be a Scrooge!'
  • Question 2

Match the correct ghost to the description in the opposite column.


ghost.jpg

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

The Ghost of Christmas Past
"It was a strange figure - like a...
The Ghost of Yet to Come
"The phantom slowly, gravely, sil...
Marley's ghost
"The chain it drew was clasped ar...
The Ghost of Christmas Present
"Its sparkling eye, its cheery vo...
EDDIE SAYS
Out of the four spirits that visit Scrooge, only Marley appears as a typical stereotypical ghost. The other three have unusual appearances, but, even though they are ghosts, they are all there to help Scrooge and show kindness to him - even the last ghost, which is the most frightening in appearance.
  • Question 3

The Cratchit family live in a very small house, as they are so poor. There are eight of them in total: Mr and Mrs Cratchit and their six children. Apart from "the two little ones", who Dickens doesn't name, what are the names of the older four Cratchit children?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Peter
Tiny Tim
Martha
Belinda
EDDIE SAYS
That was a tricky one! Martha is the oldest child - she is 14 and has to work to earn money for the family. Peter is the second eldest and will be the next to go to work to help provide money for his family. There are eight Cratchits in a very small four room house. Can you imagine living in such a small space? And they definitely didn't have Wifi!
  • Question 4

What are the main features of the four ghosts?

 

The ghosts appear at the end of staves one, and at the start of staves two, three and four.

 

Check all correct answers which relate to each ghost.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
The three spirits look very different in appearance. The most terrifying is Yet to Come, and Scrooge is scared of it. All of the ghosts are kind, however, and they are there to help him change his ways and attitude.
  • Question 5

In Stave two, the Ghost of Christmas Past shows Scrooge a scene where Belle, his former fiance, is 'releasing' Scrooge from their engagement. He has become greedy and is putting his money before her.  Belle tells Scrooge: "I have been replaced by a golden idol". 

 

What technique has Dickens used to show what Scrooge cares about mostly at this point? 

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Metaphor
EDDIE SAYS
Dickens has a metaphor to show that Scrooge cares about his money more than the love of his life. He has become greedy and ends up losing Belle because of this. Belle is still poor at this stage and can't compete with Scrooge's love of money. Scrooge realises at this point that he will never have real love, as he is old and it's too late. Poor Scrooge!
  • Question 6

Complete the description of Scrooge's fear as the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come encourages him to look at his own body beneath the bed sheets. 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come is the most frightening for Scrooge. It doesn't talk and shows Scrooge his own death. Spooky! Scrooge is too frightened to remove the cover over his body. This is the final straw for Scrooge, and he vows to change his ways for good.
  • Question 7

Silver and blue Christmas tree.jpg

Match the places that Scrooge is shown to the correct ghost who shows him each memory.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Each ghost shows Scrooge roughly five different scenes. A good revision tip is to create a timeline using coloured pens for each stave. It sounds silly, but in an exam, you might just remember the colours, which will jog your memory!
  • Question 8

Christmas Stocking with Present.jpg

Match the key events that show the development of Scrooge's character to the correct stave.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Scrooge changes dramatically from stave to stave. The staves have the following categories: Stave one - ghostly setting/Scrooge's harsh treatment towards others Stave two - regret - how Scrooge treated people in stave one Stave three - Christmas spirit - how Scrooge should behave at Christmas Stave four - death Stave five - redemption
  • Question 9

What key descriptions can you remember about Scrooge, Bob and  Fred?

 

Remember:  Fred and Scrooge are a juxtaposition of each other - they contrast in every way possible.

 

Bob Cratchit is Scrooge's employee who is a good character, but is treated badly by Scrooge.

 

Choose the correct descriptions to match with the characters in the checkbox below: 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Possible answers: Scrooge: A mean business man, he is rich but doesn't like spending money, he lives in a large, old house, people are scared of him, he is visited by four ghosts, which make him change. Bob: He is poor but happy, he has 6 children, he works for Scrooge, he has a very sick little boy called Tiny Tim. Fred: He is Scrooge's nephew, he is a jolly character, he cares for Scrooge, he is a kind and generous man.
  • Question 10

Finally, try this quick quiz to see how much you can remember. Good luck!

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Well done for getting this far! Why not try this revision tip: Divide a piece of paper into sections and write down the name of a character in each section. Make a couple of bullet points about each character and a couple of key quotes. Put your poster somewhere that you will see it every day, and it will help you remember.
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