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Identify and Explain Key Quotes in 'Ozymandias'

In this worksheet, students will be able to revise key quotes in 'Ozymandias'.

'Identify and Explain Key Quotes in 'Ozymandias'' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA, Eduqas

Curriculum topic:   Poetry, Poetry 1789 to the Present Day

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Ozymandias', 'Ozymandias'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Refer to the poem 'Ozymandias' in your anthology.

 

Here's a quick recap of the poem: Written by Percy Bysshe Shelley, this poem is about a speaker who meets a traveller, who tells him the story of Ozymandias, an Egyptian king in 1200 B.C.E, whose statue still remains. 

 

Thought bubble

 

This activity should help you revise some key quotes and help deepen your understanding of the poem. In the following questions, you'll be given a quote from the poem, and you'll need to identify the poet's meaning behind the quote.

 

Old Fashioned Camera

 

It may be helpful to write down the quotes down as you do this exercise, so you can try and remember them for the future!

"Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown..."

 

 

Identify two devices that Shelley uses here. 

 

Hint: read the quote aloud. It may help with identifying a device.

Direct speech

Assonance

Imagery

Personification

"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings"

 

 

What can you infer about the personality of Ozymandias in this quote?

 

Fill in the blanks. Choose two correct answers out of the options below:

 

- awkward

- arrogant

- selfless

- angry

- vain

Direct speech

Assonance

Imagery

Personification

"Sneer of cold command"

 

Tick the two boxes which correctly name the two devices used in the quote.

 

Adverb

Personification

Alliteration

Irony

"Nothing beside remains. Round the decay..."

 

What does this quote suggest about the effects of power?

 

The quote suggests that having a powerful role in your life can lead to immortality

The quote indicates that when misused, power can lead to war and death

The quote suggests that gaining too much power can be beneficial, and help you to become a headstrong character

The quote suggest that having too much power can lead to destruction and isolation

"Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things"

 

Identify what language device is used.

 

Contrast

Adverbs

Foreshadowing

"Of that colossal wreck"

 

 

Why do you think this word is used? 

 

First, identify the classification of the bolded word.

 

Next, pick the answer you think is correct. 

Contrast

Adverbs

Foreshadowing

"Look upon my works, ye mighty and despair"

 

 

What do the bolded verbs suggest about Ozymandias' character?

 

Pick one phrase out of the selection below:

 

1. Ozymandias is controlling

2. Ozymandias is confused

"Tell that its sculptor well those passions read"

 

What are two things you notice about this quote? Pick from the options below. 

 

Tick two boxes.

There is a simile in the quote

There is personification in the quote, as it seems as if the statue is dictating the sculptor to create him in a specific form

There is a feeling of pride towards the sculptor, due to the emotive language used

There is a rhyme scheme in the quote

There is a caesura in the quote, which leads to the idea of hastiness

"Stand in the dessert. Near them on the sand"

 

 

Name two devices used here.

Caesura

Preposition

Simile

Adjectives

Last one!

 

"The lone and level sand stretch far away"

 

Pick two words which link to the overall motif of isolation: 

 

(Motif- a recurring theme throughout a text)

 

- Sand

- Level

- Lone

- Stretch

  • Question 1

"Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown..."

 

 

Identify two devices that Shelley uses here. 

 

Hint: read the quote aloud. It may help with identifying a device.

CORRECT ANSWER
Assonance
Imagery
EDDIE SAYS
The writer uses the technique of assonance to create a prolonged effect within the poem, due to the slow pace of the repeated 's' sounds, which helps to reinforce the old age of Ozymandias and his statue. As well as this, imagery helps the reader to visualise the statue and how it is now broken, which not only strengthens the negative view of Ozymandias but also shows the deeper consequences of arrogance.
  • Question 2

"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings"

 

 

What can you infer about the personality of Ozymandias in this quote?

 

Fill in the blanks. Choose two correct answers out of the options below:

 

- awkward

- arrogant

- selfless

- angry

- vain

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
The first word of the quote is the direct pronoun "my", which presents Ozymandias as a vain character, due to the importance he gives himself. As well as this, the repetition of the noun "king" in "king of kings" shows Ozymandias' arrogance, as he sees himself at the top of the hierarchy of kings!
  • Question 3

"Sneer of cold command"

 

Tick the two boxes which correctly name the two devices used in the quote.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Personification
Alliteration
EDDIE SAYS
The personification of the quote almost gives a new life to this lifeless statue, as if Ozymandias' power can extend past his death, and into his afterlife. This, however, juxtaposes well with the fact that the statue is a "colossal wreck". Therefore, despite Ozymandias' overwhelming power, his only legacy remains insignificant and alone. Think about the use of alliteration in "cold command"- what effect does this have on the way the quote sounds? Does it draw attention to the adjective "cold"? If so, why does Shelley choose to emphasise this adjective alongside the noun "command"?
  • Question 4

"Nothing beside remains. Round the decay..."

 

What does this quote suggest about the effects of power?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The quote suggest that having too much power can lead to destruction and isolation
EDDIE SAYS
This quote, which comes very near the end of the poem, leads to the fact that a large amount of power placed on one person, can ultimately lead to destruction and isolation. Remember, Ozymandias is dead and insignificant now. The writer has strategically placed this quote near the end of the poem, to act as a precautionary moral, teaching the reader the effect of power, and how it can have damaging consequences.
  • Question 5

"Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things"

 

Identify what language device is used.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Contrast
EDDIE SAYS
Shelley's use of contrast between the verb "survive" and the adjective "lifeless" portrays the two forms of Ozymandias- alive and dead. Perhaps the choice of the verb "survive" may give the impression that even in his lifetime, Ozymandias was only just surviving, rather than living. Therefore, the adjective "lifeless" gives the impression that Ozymandias has never lived a happy life, even after his death. Shelley has strategically chosen to place these two words in chronological order of time, with "lifeless" coming after "survive". This gives the impression that death is inevitable, which contradicts Ozymandias' wishes to survive beyond his life as a statue.
  • Question 6

"Of that colossal wreck"

 

 

Why do you think this word is used? 

 

First, identify the classification of the bolded word.

 

Next, pick the answer you think is correct. 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
The adjective "colossal" is used by Shelley, to not only portray the physical size of the destroyed statue, but also the effects of being a controlling and power-hungry person. Ozymandias' manipulation of power in his life lead to not just a small wreck, but a "colossal" wreck. Remember, one of Shelley's main purposes of the poem is to warn people of the dangers of misusing power. Try and incorporate this idea into your analysis, when observing the use of adjectives, a lot of which have connotations with the idea of largeness. In this example, the adjective is "colossal".
  • Question 7

"Look upon my works, ye mighty and despair"

 

 

What do the bolded verbs suggest about Ozymandias' character?

 

Pick one phrase out of the selection below:

 

1. Ozymandias is controlling

2. Ozymandias is confused

CORRECT ANSWER
ozymandias is controlling
EDDIE SAYS
The verbs "look" and "despair" show that Ozymandias is a controlling and oppressive person- he's forcing his subjects to perform an action, without any other options! The authoritative nature of the verbs imply that Ozymandias was used to giving orders to many, and continues to do so in his afterlife, leading to the analysis that power changes you forever. Remember, a verb is a doing word- Ozymandias is literally forcing others to do his bidding. Sounds like a nice guy, right?
  • Question 8

"Tell that its sculptor well those passions read"

 

What are two things you notice about this quote? Pick from the options below. 

 

Tick two boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
There is personification in the quote, as it seems as if the statue is dictating the sculptor to create him in a specific form
There is a feeling of pride towards the sculptor, due to the emotive language used
EDDIE SAYS
The quote uses personification to highlight Ozymandias' power, it seems as if he's telling the sculptor how to depict his emotions and facial expressions. Perhaps this shows us that Ozymandias still asserts power, even after his death! As well as this, emotive language is used, like in the noun "passions". How do you think this portrays the sculptor, who's created Ozymandias' statue? Do you think he is being praised for his work?
  • Question 9

"Stand in the dessert. Near them on the sand"

 

 

Name two devices used here.

CORRECT ANSWER
Caesura
Preposition
EDDIE SAYS
The two devices used here are caesura and preposition. Caesura helps to create a sense of hastiness and speed. You may notice that the whole poem is one big stanza, as if the traveller is trying to tell us his story immediately. Therefore, using caesura emphasises the idea of abruptness. As well as this, a preposition is used. "Near" helps us to understand where the "visage" (head of the body) lies. Isn't it ironic that despite the grand scale of the statue, the ruins are all very close by to each other, as if Ozymandias' power doesn't spread beyond a certain point?
  • Question 10

Last one!

 

"The lone and level sand stretch far away"

 

Pick two words which link to the overall motif of isolation: 

 

(Motif- a recurring theme throughout a text)

 

- Sand

- Level

- Lone

- Stretch

CORRECT ANSWER
Lone
EDDIE SAYS
The adjective "lone" leads us to the idea that Ozymandias is alone, and has always been alone. Think about the fact that this particular adjective is used right at the end of the poem. Has Ozymandias' speech, just a few lines before, had the desired effect on us as readers? Do we really believe that he is as powerful as stated?
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