Alliteration, Assonance and Onomatopoeia
Writers use figures of speech to build meaning into text they write in any genre. These techniques engage the reader's interest using sound and images, or by sequencing and contrasting ideas, to increase the effectiveness of the writer's words in conveying meaning.
There are many types of figures of speech. It is important that you recognise the most important ones and can reflect your knowledge and understanding when you are discussing or writing text. We are going to take a look at alliteration, assonance and onomatopoeia, then test what you have learned.
Alliteration is the repetition of the same first sound in a group of words in succession for emphasis.
- Everyone knew big, bold Billy from Brighton. The repetition of the 'b' sound reinforces our image of Billy and makes the associations of 'big', 'bold' and 'from Brighton' more memorable.
- Tyger, Tyger burning bright.
Assonance is the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in a group of words.
- His father's car is a Jaguar.
- How now brown cow.
This figure of speech applies when the sound reflects sense or meaning. The word sounds like its meaning.
- The leaves rustled in the wind. The word 'rustled' reflects the sound leaves in a tree make in a breeze.
- The hum of the bees.