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Revise Sentence Types

In this worksheet, students revise the difference between simple, compound and complex sentences in order to produce variety in their writing.

'Revise Sentence Types' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

Curriculum topic:  Writing

Curriculum subtopic:  Use Accurate Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

An effective and interesting piece of writing uses a variety of sentence types for effect.

 

Simple Sentence

 

This type of sentence contains one main idea (or clause) which makes sense on its own and has one main verb.

 

Rosie kicked the ball.

 

Compound Sentence

 

 

A compound sentence usually joins two simple sentences (or two main clauses) together using a conjunction or linking word.

 

Rosie kicked the ball but Sophia ran away.

 

It is important to remember that the idea or clause either side of the conjunction should be able to make sense on its own.

 

Complex Sentence

 

This type of sentence has one main idea (or clause) and at least one extra idea (or subordinate clause) to give more information about the main point.

 

Rosie, who loved to play outside, kicked the ball.

 

While the sun shone, Rosie kicked the ball.

 

In this case, the subordinate clause has to rely on the main clause for the sentence to make sense. It cannot exist on its own.

Which type of sentence is this? Choose the correct sentence type.

 

The panda ate loads of bamboo shoots.

simple

compound

complex

Which of the sentence types is this? Write the correct answer in the box below.

 

All of a sudden, while the match was going on, the phone rang.

Change this complex sentence to a simple sentence by removing the subordinate clause. Write the whole sentence in the box below.

 

Elephants, which are large mammals, are bigger than snails.

Which of the sentence types is this? Write the correct answer in the box below:

 

Diana loved sweets, whereas Matilda preferred chocolate.

What type of sentence is this? Choose the correct type from the options below.

 

While the sun shone, they stayed on the beach.

simple

compound

complex

Use these two simple sentences to produce a compound sentence. Use whereas or but to join the sentences.

 

Sarah is at the top of the steep hill.

 

John was too scared to climb up.

 

Write out your new sentence in full in the box below.

Which sentence type is this?

 

We visited the museum before it closed.

simple

compound

complex

Use the following clauses to produce a complex sentence.

 

I went to the Post Office

 

after dropping my daughter at school

 

Write the new sentence in full in the box below.

Which sentence type is this? Choose the correct answer below.

 

Harry had a passion for horse riding but Harry's brother hated the sight of horses.

simple

compound

complex

Identify the main clause in this complex sentence.

 

The beautiful shoreline, which was fringed with palm trees, stretched out in front of us.

 

Write the main clause in the box below.

  • Question 1

Which type of sentence is this? Choose the correct sentence type.

 

The panda ate loads of bamboo shoots.

CORRECT ANSWER
simple
EDDIE SAYS
This is a simple sentence as it has only one main idea and one verb.
  • Question 2

Which of the sentence types is this? Write the correct answer in the box below.

 

All of a sudden, while the match was going on, the phone rang.

CORRECT ANSWER
complex
complex sentence
a complex sentence
EDDIE SAYS
This is a complex sentence as it contains one main idea (all of a sudden the phone rang) and a subordinate clause (while the match was going on) which adds extra information but cannot exist alone.
  • Question 3

Change this complex sentence to a simple sentence by removing the subordinate clause. Write the whole sentence in the box below.

 

Elephants, which are large mammals, are bigger than snails.

CORRECT ANSWER
Elephants are bigger than snails.
EDDIE SAYS
The subordinate clause is 'which are large mammals'. It does not make sense on its own and can be removed from the sentence.
  • Question 4

Which of the sentence types is this? Write the correct answer in the box below:

 

Diana loved sweets, whereas Matilda preferred chocolate.

CORRECT ANSWER
compound
compound sentence
a compound sentence
EDDIE SAYS
This is a compound sentence as there are two main ideas linked together by the conjunction 'whereas'.
  • Question 5

What type of sentence is this? Choose the correct type from the options below.

 

While the sun shone, they stayed on the beach.

CORRECT ANSWER
complex
EDDIE SAYS
This is a complex sentence as there is one main idea (they stayed on the beach) with a subordinate clause to add information (while the sun shone).
  • Question 6

Use these two simple sentences to produce a compound sentence. Use whereas or but to join the sentences.

 

Sarah is at the top of the steep hill.

 

John was too scared to climb up.

 

Write out your new sentence in full in the box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
Sarah is at the top of the steep hill but John was too scared to climb up.
Sarah is at the top of the steep hill whereas John was too scared to climb up.
EDDIE SAYS
To produce a compound sentence, the conjunction needs to be placed in the middle of the two simple sentences.
  • Question 7

Which sentence type is this?

 

We visited the museum before it closed.

CORRECT ANSWER
complex
EDDIE SAYS
This is a complex sentence as the subordinate clause (before it closed) depends on the main clause (we visited the museum) for it to make sense.
  • Question 8

Use the following clauses to produce a complex sentence.

 

I went to the Post Office

 

after dropping my daughter at school

 

Write the new sentence in full in the box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
After dropping my daughter at school, I went to the Post Office.
I went to the Post Office after dropping my daughter at school.
EDDIE SAYS
If the subordinate clause (after dropping my daughter at school) comes before the main clause in the sentence a comma is usually used to separate the clauses.
  • Question 9

Which sentence type is this? Choose the correct answer below.

 

Harry had a passion for horse riding but Harry's brother hated the sight of horses.

CORRECT ANSWER
compound
EDDIE SAYS
This is a compound sentence as there are two main clauses which could exist independently, joined by the conjunction 'but'.
  • Question 10

Identify the main clause in this complex sentence.

 

The beautiful shoreline, which was fringed with palm trees, stretched out in front of us.

 

Write the main clause in the box below.

CORRECT ANSWER
The beautiful shoreline stretched out in front of us
The beautiful shoreline stretched out in front of us.
EDDIE SAYS
In this sentence the subordinate clause has been inserted in the middle of the main clause.
---- OR ----

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