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Exam Preparation for Non-Fiction Texts 15

In this worksheet, students revise the difference between fact and opinion in a piece of writing, useful for non-fiction elements in the GCSE exam.

Key stage:  KS 4

Curriculum topic:  Reading

Curriculum subtopic:  Awareness of Vocabulary, Form and Grammatical Features

Difficulty level:  

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QUESTION 1 of 10

In this worksheet you will revise fact and opinion in a piece of writing. This is important for your English exam.

Which of the following statements are facts and which are opinions?

 

Match the correct answers. Hover your mouse over the box to read the sentence in full.

Column A

Column B

Christmas day takes place on December 25th.
fact
Christmas is a wonderful time of year.
opinion
Real Christmas trees are more festive than artific...
fact
According to the Guinness World Records, the talle...
opinion

How did you decide which statements were fact and which were opinion?

 

Match the correct definitions below. Hover your mouse over the box to read the sentence in full.

Column A

Column B

opinion
An opinion cannot prove to be true.
fact
Something that can prove to be true.

Beware of the way facts are presented!

Often there are different ways of presenting the same fact. Read the following fact:

 

This year over 70% of students achieved three or more A level exams at grade C or above.

 

 

Which of the following newspaper headlines is a correct interpretation of this fact? Tick any that you think apply.

Students Getting Cleverer and the Results Prove It!

Exams Getting Easier as More Pass!

Read the following two headlines:

 

BRITAIN GETTING MEANER AS ONLY 60% SEND ANY CHRISTMAS CARDS!

 

BRITAIN SPREADING CHRISTMAS CHEER DESPITE THE RECESSION WITH 60% SENDING CHRISTMAS CARDS

 

 

What fact is used in both headlines?

40% of people don't send Christmas cards.

60% of people don't send Christmas cards.

40% of people send Christmas cards.

BRITAIN GETTING MEANER AS ONLY 60% SEND ANY CHRISTMAS CARDS!

 

BRITAIN SPREADING CHRISTMAS CHEER DESPITE THE RECESSION WITH 60% SENDING CHRISTMAS CARDS

 

These headlines, although using the same fact, express different opinions.

Match the headline with the opinion it is expressing. Hover your mouse over the box to view the headlines in full.

Column A

Column B

BRITAIN GETTING MEANER AS ONLY 60% SEND ANY CHRIST...
Despite a recession, Britain remains festive.
BRITAIN SPREADING CHRISTMAS CHEER DESPITE THE RECE...
Britain is getting less festive.

Get a newspaper and practise reading the articles highlighting the facts in one colour and the opinions in another.


Tick this off when you have showed a highlighted article to an adult.

What types of non-fiction writing might you use facts and opinions in?

 

Select two options from below.

writing to argue

writing to describe

writing to persuade

Researchers often use surveys as a way of gaining factual information. However, you must take into account how and where a survey is carried out.

Read the following fact and select the two options below that may affect the results of the survey.

 

 

83% of people surveyed would prefer to get the train to work.

 

 

by only asking people at a train station

by asking people in a busy city where it is hard to drive about

by asking people wearing suits

by asking people early in the morning

Imagine you were asked to write an article arguing that online food shopping is better that going to the supermarket. You would need to carry out a survey among shoppers to get facts to support your argument. 

 

Where would you go for this survey?

 

school playground

supermarket checkouts

ask people who are on laptops in a coffee shop

Writers use different language to introduce facts and opinions.

 

Read the list of words below and select three that could be used to introduce facts.

demonstrated

believes

confirms

discovered

claims

Select the three words below that may be used to introduce opinions.

claims

states

demonstrates

argues

view

Read the following extracts from an article about obesity in schools. Select two facts and two opinions from the article.

 

'The number of obese and overweight children in the final year of primary school in England has fallen for the first time in six years. A third of pupils aged 10–11 measured in 2012–13 were obese or overweight, compared with just over a third the previous year.

This is great news claims from the Minister for Health. It shows that schools are doing a good job in education about fitness. The National Child Measurement Programme was set up in 2005. Data shows the proportion of obese or overweight children in reception classes is slightly lower at 22.2% than in the previous year (22.6%). It is important that we develop this and that teachers work harder to promote health and fitness.'

Tick this off when you have selected two facts and two opinions.

  • Question 1

Which of the following statements are facts and which are opinions?

 

Match the correct answers. Hover your mouse over the box to read the sentence in full.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Christmas day takes place on Dece...
fact
Christmas is a wonderful time of ...
opinion
Real Christmas trees are more fes...
opinion
According to the Guinness World R...
fact
EDDIE SAYS
Christmas day takes place on December 25th = fact

Christmas is a wonderful time of year = opinion

Real Christmas trees are more festive than artificial ones = opinion

According to the Guinness World Records, the tallest Christmas tree ever cut was a 221-foot Douglas fir that was displayed in 1950 at the Northgate Shopping Mall in Seattle, Washington = fact
  • Question 2

How did you decide which statements were fact and which were opinion?

 

Match the correct definitions below. Hover your mouse over the box to read the sentence in full.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

opinion
An opinion cannot prove to be tru...
fact
Something that can prove to be tr...
EDDIE SAYS
Opinion = an opinion cannot prove to be true.
Fact = something that can prove to be true.
  • Question 3

Beware of the way facts are presented!

Often there are different ways of presenting the same fact. Read the following fact:

 

This year over 70% of students achieved three or more A level exams at grade C or above.

 

 

Which of the following newspaper headlines is a correct interpretation of this fact? Tick any that you think apply.

CORRECT ANSWER
Students Getting Cleverer and the Results Prove It!
Exams Getting Easier as More Pass!
EDDIE SAYS
Both are correct interpretations.
  • Question 4

Read the following two headlines:

 

BRITAIN GETTING MEANER AS ONLY 60% SEND ANY CHRISTMAS CARDS!

 

BRITAIN SPREADING CHRISTMAS CHEER DESPITE THE RECESSION WITH 60% SENDING CHRISTMAS CARDS

 

 

What fact is used in both headlines?

CORRECT ANSWER
40% of people don't send Christmas cards.
EDDIE SAYS
The fact that is used in both headlines is '40% of people don't send Christmas cards'.
  • Question 5

BRITAIN GETTING MEANER AS ONLY 60% SEND ANY CHRISTMAS CARDS!

 

BRITAIN SPREADING CHRISTMAS CHEER DESPITE THE RECESSION WITH 60% SENDING CHRISTMAS CARDS

 

These headlines, although using the same fact, express different opinions.

Match the headline with the opinion it is expressing. Hover your mouse over the box to view the headlines in full.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

BRITAIN GETTING MEANER AS ONLY 60...
Britain is getting less festive.
BRITAIN SPREADING CHRISTMAS CHEER...
Despite a recession, Britain rema...
EDDIE SAYS
BRITAIN GETTING MEANER AS ONLY 60% SEND ANY CHRISTMAS CARDS! = Britain is getting less festive.

BRITAIN SPREADING CHRISTMAS CHEER DESPITE THE RECESSION WITH 60% SENDING CHRISTMAS CARDS = despite a recession, Britain remains festive.
  • Question 6

Get a newspaper and practise reading the articles highlighting the facts in one colour and the opinions in another.


CORRECT ANSWER
Tick this off when you have showed a highlighted article to an adult.
EDDIE SAYS
Make sure you highlighted the facts and opinions in separate colours, and then showed your newspaper article to your parent/guardian/carer.
  • Question 7

What types of non-fiction writing might you use facts and opinions in?

 

Select two options from below.

CORRECT ANSWER
writing to argue
writing to persuade
EDDIE SAYS
You might use facts and opinions in writing to argue and persuade.
  • Question 8

Researchers often use surveys as a way of gaining factual information. However, you must take into account how and where a survey is carried out.

Read the following fact and select the two options below that may affect the results of the survey.

 

 

83% of people surveyed would prefer to get the train to work.

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
by only asking people at a train station
by asking people in a busy city where it is hard to drive about
EDDIE SAYS
By only asking people at a train station and by asking people in a busy city where it is hard to drive about, are two factors that will affect the results of the survey.
  • Question 9

Imagine you were asked to write an article arguing that online food shopping is better that going to the supermarket. You would need to carry out a survey among shoppers to get facts to support your argument. 

 

Where would you go for this survey?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
supermarket checkouts
EDDIE SAYS
You would carry out the survey at the supermarket checkouts.
  • Question 10

Writers use different language to introduce facts and opinions.

 

Read the list of words below and select three that could be used to introduce facts.

CORRECT ANSWER
demonstrated
confirms
discovered
EDDIE SAYS
Words used to introduce facts are:
demonstrated, confirms and discovered.
For example:
The survey demonstrated that...
The results confirms that...
The researchers have discovered that...
  • Question 11

Select the three words below that may be used to introduce opinions.

CORRECT ANSWER
claims
argues
view
EDDIE SAYS
The three words are:
claims, argues and view.
For example:
The professor claims...
The mayor argues that...
In the children's view...
  • Question 12

Read the following extracts from an article about obesity in schools. Select two facts and two opinions from the article.

 

'The number of obese and overweight children in the final year of primary school in England has fallen for the first time in six years. A third of pupils aged 10–11 measured in 2012–13 were obese or overweight, compared with just over a third the previous year.

This is great news claims from the Minister for Health. It shows that schools are doing a good job in education about fitness. The National Child Measurement Programme was set up in 2005. Data shows the proportion of obese or overweight children in reception classes is slightly lower at 22.2% than in the previous year (22.6%). It is important that we develop this and that teachers work harder to promote health and fitness.'

CORRECT ANSWER
Tick this off when you have selected two facts and two opinions.
EDDIE SAYS
Fact:
The number of obese and overweight children in the final year of primary school in England has fallen for the first time in six years. A third of pupils aged 10-11 measured in 2012-13 were obese or overweight, compared with just over a third the previous year.
The National Child Measurement Programme was set up in 2005.
Data shows the proportion of obese or overweight children in reception classes is slightly lower at 22.2% than in the previous year (22.6%)

Opinion:
This is great news claims from the Minister for Health. It shows that schools are doing a good job in education about fitness.
It is important that we develop this and that teachers work harder to promote health and fitness.
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