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Exam Preparation for Written Texts 9

In this worksheet, students revise how to use connectives to structure their written work, which is important in their GCSE exam. They will also revise other key features of the written exam.

'Exam Preparation for Written Texts 9' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

Curriculum topic:  Writing

Curriculum subtopic:  Use Accurate Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In this activity you will revise how to use connectives to structure your written work which is important in the written exam. You will also revise other key features of the written exam.

In the exam you may be asked to write to argue or persuade. You will need to add information or build on your ideas.

 

Which connectives would be best suited to this? 

 

Select six answers from the list below.

in addition

additionally

similarly

despite

also

furthermore

however

moreover

therefore

because

In writing to argue, connectives are important to give order to your ideas.

 

Imagine you are writing an argument encouraging people to cycle more by spending tax payers' money on new cycle paths. Write sentences beginning with the following connectives:

 

Firstly

Secondly 

Finally

In conclusion 

 

Where can you use connectives in your writing?

 

Select three correct answers from the list below. 

At the end of a sentence

At the end of a sentence

At the start of a paragraph

At the start of a sentence

In the middle of a sentence

What are connectives?

Words that connect together to form longer words

Words and phrases that connect words of similar meaning together

Words and phrases that link together clauses, sentences or paragraphs

Write your own sentences using the following connectives to link cause and effect.

 

Because

As a result

Therefore

Consequently

 

For example:

 

I can't go to school today because I have a cold.

 

Because I have a cold, I can't go to school today.

 

 

Remember that you can place the above connectives at the start or in the middle of a sentence.

Connectives are extremely important in introducing opposing or contrasting ideas or points of view.

 

Select five connectives from the following list that would be useful for doing this.

despite

in addition

although

on the other hand

however

finally

in contrast

firstly

Using the "Previous" button, look again at the sentences you wrote arguing that we should spend tax payers' money on new cycle paths.

Then extend your sentences by writing with contrasting opinions using the following connectives:

 

In contrast

However

Although

On the other hand

Despite 

Write a short letter to your headteacher arguing your opinion on an issue you feel strongly about.

Try to include the following connectives in your writing:

 

Firstly

Secondly

In addition

However

Therefore

On the other hand

Nevertheless

Although

Finally

In order to effectively structure your writing and ideas, you must use paragraphs at the correct times. 

When should you start a new paragraph? 

 

Select four correct answers from the list below.

A change of time

When you use a connective

A change of speaker

A change of person or place

A change of topic

When the paragraph is too long

When writing a letter, you must remember to end it correctly.

Match the letter endings to their correct usage. 

Column A

Column B

Yours sincerely
If the letter is formal and you have started it wi...
Yours faithfully
If the letter is formal and you have started it wi...
Best wishes / From
In an informal letter

You may be asked to write an article in your exam.

In this case, you will need to include a headline.

In that headline you may wish to include certain language features

 

Match the language features often found in headlines below with their effects.

Column A

Column B

Emotive / sensational language
A play on word to add humour and grab the reader's...
Puns
Engage the reader and make them think
Rhetorical questions
To make a story more dramatic and to grab the read...
Rhyme
Link words together and make the language flow or ...
Alliteration
Link words together and make the language flow or ...

If you are asked to write an article you may need to include a strapline and subheadings, but what are they used for?

 

Match the definitions below.

Column A

Column B

Strapline
A heading that goes under the headline to give mor...
Subheading
A heading that is used in articles to separate ide...

You may be asked to write a speech.

What might be the purposes of a speech?

 

Select two answers from the options below.

Describe

Inform

Argue

Persuade

Speeches need to include different language devices.

Match the devices below with the effect that each creates.

Column A

Column B

Use of three
Engage the listener
Repetition
Emphasising a point
Rhetorical questions
Emphasise a word or phrase
Use of personal pronouns
Draw the listener in and make them think
Emotive language
Encourage the audience to feel a certain way

Finally, what MUST you leave time to do at the end of a writing exam?

Relax

Have a drink of water

Check through your written work

  • Question 1

In the exam you may be asked to write to argue or persuade. You will need to add information or build on your ideas.

 

Which connectives would be best suited to this? 

 

Select six answers from the list below.

CORRECT ANSWER
in addition
additionally
similarly
also
furthermore
moreover
EDDIE SAYS
When writing to argue or persuade, it is best to use connectives which lead on to your next point or provide supporting evidence. This usually means that the connectives are cooperative (i.e. leading to more information on a similar theme) rather than combative (i.e. leading to an opposing or opposite point).
  • Question 2

In writing to argue, connectives are important to give order to your ideas.

 

Imagine you are writing an argument encouraging people to cycle more by spending tax payers' money on new cycle paths. Write sentences beginning with the following connectives:

 

Firstly

Secondly 

Finally

In conclusion 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
You should award a maximum of four marks for this section. Check that the student has written four sentences beginning with:
  • Firstly
  • Secondly
  • Finally
  • In conclusion
    • Question 3

    Where can you use connectives in your writing?

     

    Select three correct answers from the list below. 

    CORRECT ANSWER
    At the start of a paragraph
    At the start of a sentence
    In the middle of a sentence
    EDDIE SAYS
    Connectives are used to join or link ideas so work ideally in the middle of a sentence. They can also be used to start a new sentence or paragraph which follows on from the previous.
    • Question 4

    What are connectives?

    CORRECT ANSWER
    Words and phrases that link together clauses, sentences or paragraphs
    EDDIE SAYS
    The clue is in the word - connectives connect things!
    Connectives are words or phrases that create links between ideas.
    They can be conjunctions, adverbs or prepositions.
    They can be coordinating (linking words, phrases or clauses of equal importance) or subordinating (linking a main idea with a subordinate or dependent clause).
    If you notice a connection being made, look for the connective that has helped to make it.
    • Question 5

    Write your own sentences using the following connectives to link cause and effect.

     

    Because

    As a result

    Therefore

    Consequently

     

    For example:

     

    I can't go to school today because I have a cold.

     

    Because I have a cold, I can't go to school today.

     

     

    Remember that you can place the above connectives at the start or in the middle of a sentence.

    CORRECT ANSWER
    EDDIE SAYS
    You should award one mark for each example, up to a maximum of four marks.
  • because
  • as a result
  • therefore
  • consequently
    • Question 6

    Connectives are extremely important in introducing opposing or contrasting ideas or points of view.

     

    Select five connectives from the following list that would be useful for doing this.

    CORRECT ANSWER
    despite
    although
    on the other hand
    however
    in contrast
    EDDIE SAYS
    When introducing opposing or contrasting ideas, it is important to choose connectives that link well with presenting an alternative idea. These are words that imply a contrast coming next, rather than implying a continuation of the same theme.
    • Question 7

    Using the "Previous" button, look again at the sentences you wrote arguing that we should spend tax payers' money on new cycle paths.

    Then extend your sentences by writing with contrasting opinions using the following connectives:

     

    In contrast

    However

    Although

    On the other hand

    Despite 

    CORRECT ANSWER
    EDDIE SAYS
    Award one mark for each sentence using the following connectives, up to a maximum of five marks.
  • in contrast
  • however
  • although
  • on the other hand
  • despite
    • Question 8

    Write a short letter to your headteacher arguing your opinion on an issue you feel strongly about.

    Try to include the following connectives in your writing:

     

    Firstly

    Secondly

    In addition

    However

    Therefore

    On the other hand

    Nevertheless

    Although

    Finally

    CORRECT ANSWER
    EDDIE SAYS
    Award one mark for each connective used correctly, up to a maximum of nine marks.
  • firstly
  • secondly
  • in addition
  • however
  • therefore
  • on the other hand
  • nevertheless
  • although
  • finally
    • Question 9

    In order to effectively structure your writing and ideas, you must use paragraphs at the correct times. 

    When should you start a new paragraph? 

     

    Select four correct answers from the list below.

    CORRECT ANSWER
    A change of time
    A change of speaker
    A change of person or place
    A change of topic
    EDDIE SAYS
    A new paragraph indicates a change from the writing that precedes it.
    This can be a change in time, speaker, person, place or topic.
    • Question 10

    When writing a letter, you must remember to end it correctly.

    Match the letter endings to their correct usage. 

    CORRECT ANSWER

    Column A

    Column B

    Yours sincerely
    If the letter is formal and you h...
    Yours faithfully
    If the letter is formal and you h...
    Best wishes / From
    In an informal letter
    EDDIE SAYS
    If you are writing a formal letter, you should use "Yours sincerely" or "Yours faithfully".
    If you know and have named the exact person you are writing to then use "Your sincerely", if not then use "Yours faithfully".
    If you are writing an informal letter, you can end if with "From", "Best wishes" or any other sign-off that you choose.
    • Question 11

    You may be asked to write an article in your exam.

    In this case, you will need to include a headline.

    In that headline you may wish to include certain language features

     

    Match the language features often found in headlines below with their effects.

    CORRECT ANSWER

    Column A

    Column B

    Emotive / sensational language
    To make a story more dramatic and...
    Puns
    A play on word to add humour and ...
    Rhetorical questions
    Engage the reader and make them t...
    Rhyme
    Link words together and make the ...
    Alliteration
    Link words together and make the ...
    EDDIE SAYS
    The intention of a headline is to grab the reader's attention and make them want to read on.
    For this reason, we see many attention-grabbing devices used in headlines.
    Can you come up with your own example headlines in your head which use each of these devices?
    • Question 12

    If you are asked to write an article you may need to include a strapline and subheadings, but what are they used for?

     

    Match the definitions below.

    CORRECT ANSWER

    Column A

    Column B

    Strapline
    A heading that goes under the hea...
    Subheading
    A heading that is used in article...
    EDDIE SAYS
    Both straplines and subheadings add further detail and structure ideas within an article.
    Straplines are used directly under a headline to add more information.
    Subheadings are used within articles to separate ideas or themes. In this way, they can act in a similar way to paragraphs in other types of writing.
    • Question 13

    You may be asked to write a speech.

    What might be the purposes of a speech?

     

    Select two answers from the options below.

    CORRECT ANSWER
    Argue
    Persuade
    EDDIE SAYS
    Speeches are usually intended to argue or persuade listeners to agree with the speaker's point of view. For this reason, they are often political in nature.
    • Question 14

    Speeches need to include different language devices.

    Match the devices below with the effect that each creates.

    CORRECT ANSWER

    Column A

    Column B

    Use of three
    Emphasising a point
    Repetition
    Emphasise a word or phrase
    Rhetorical questions
    Draw the listener in and make the...
    Use of personal pronouns
    Engage the listener
    Emotive language
    Encourage the audience to feel a ...
    EDDIE SAYS
    As speeches are usually aiming to persuade and argue, all of these devices can support these purposes and draw the listener in.
    Can you create examples in your head of lines in a speech which use each of these devices?
    • Question 15

    Finally, what MUST you leave time to do at the end of a writing exam?

    CORRECT ANSWER
    Check through your written work
    EDDIE SAYS
    If you are well-organised enough to have time left at the end of an exam, don't waste it! Use it wisely to check your work, correct any errors and see if you can make any improvements.
    Preview ---- OR ----

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