# Multiplying Out Brackets (1)

In this worksheet, students multiply out brackets containing algebraic terms.

Key stage:

Curriculum topic:

Curriculum subtopic:

Difficulty level:

### QUESTION 1 of 10

When we multiply out brackets, everything inside the bracket gets multiplied by whatever is outside the bracket.

Take care with the signs remembering the rules about multiplying negative numbers.

The following examples show how the 3 and the -3 outside the brackets affect the terms inside the brackets.

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(2x + 4)

32x + 34

6x + 12

6x + 4

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(5x + 4)

35x + 34

15x + 4

15x + 12

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(5x - 4)

35x - 34

15x - 4

15x - 12

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(4x - 3)

12x - 33

12x - 9

7x - 9

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(4x - 3)

-12x + 9

12x - 9

-7x - 9

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(5x + 9)

-15x + 9

15x - 9

-15x - 27

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(5x - 1)

-15x + 3

15x - 1

-15x - 3

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(5 - x)

15x - 3

15x - 1

15 - 3x

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(5 - x)

-15 + 3x

15x - 3

-15 - 3x

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-4(5x + 4)

-20 + 16x

-20x -16

-20x + 16

• Question 1

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(2x + 4)

6x + 12
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. 3 x 2x = 6x 3 x 4 = 12 3(2x + 4) = 6x + 12
• Question 2

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(5x + 4)

15x + 12
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. 3 x 5x = 15x 3 x 4 = 12 3(5x + 4) = 15x + 12
• Question 3

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(5x - 4)

15x - 12
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. 3 x 5x = 15x 3 x -4 = -12 3(5x - 4) = 15x - 12
• Question 4

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(4x - 3)

12x - 9
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. 3 x 4x = 12x 3 x -3 = -9 3(2x - 3) = 12x - 9
• Question 5

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(4x - 3)

-12x + 9
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. -3 x 4x = -12x -3 x -3 = + 9 -3(4x - 3) = - 12x + 9
• Question 6

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(5x + 9)

-15x - 27
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. -3 x 5x = -15x -3 x 9 = - 27 -3(5x + 9) = - 15x - 27
• Question 7

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(5x - 1)

-15x + 3
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. -3 x 5x = -15x -3 x -1 = + 3 -3(5x - 1) = - 15x + 3
• Question 8

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

3(5 - x)

15 - 3x
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. 3 x 5 = 15 3 x -x = - 3x 3(5 - x) = 15 - 3x
• Question 9

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-3(5 - x)

-15 + 3x
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. -3 x 5 = -15 -3 x - x = + 3x -3(5 - x) = - 15 + 3x
• Question 10

Multiply out the brackets and select the correct answer.

-4(5x + 4)

-20x -16
EDDIE SAYS
Remember to multiply the term outside the bracket by the terms inside the bracket. -4 x 5x = -20x -4 x 4 = -16 -4(5x + 4) = -20x - 16
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