Data organised in a frequency chart can be used to work out the mean, median and mode.

The number of items in the group can be found by adding up the frequencies.

Remember that 'frequency' is just 'how many times' something occurs.

When data is grouped, the exact value is not known.

**Example**

This chart shows the heights of children in a Year 6 class at school.

Find the mean, median and mode.

This means that:

0 children have a height between 110 cm and 115 cm.

1 child has a height between 115 cm and 120 cm.

3 children have a height between 120 cm and 125 cm ..... etc.

**Mean**

We have to estimate the **mean** by using the **midpoint value** in each class.

These are 112.5, 117.5, 122.5, 127.5, 132.5, 137.5, 142.5, 147.5 and 152.5 cm

We multiply these midpoint values by the frequency that they occur. eg. 3 x 122.5 because three children are in that height group.

The total estimated height of all the children is (1 x 117.5) + (3 x 122.5) + (4 x 127.5) + (7 x 132.5) + (4 x 137.5) + (2 x 142.5) + (1 x 152.5) = 2,910 cm

There are 1 + 3 + 4 + 7 + 4 + 2 + 1 = 22 children in the class.

Mean height = 2,910 ÷ 22 = **132.3 cm (1 dp)**

**Median**

There are 22 children, so the 'middle person' will be the 11th and 12th.

The 11th and 12th people fall into the 130 cm to 135 cm class.

The median class is **130 cm to 135 cm.**

**Mode**

This is the class with the highest frequency.

The modal class is **130 cm to 135 cm.**

That's a lot of information to take in - don't worry if you can't remember it all, you can check back to this introduction at any point during the activity by clicking on the red button on the side of the screen.

Let's get started!