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Protection from Sunlight 1

In this worksheet, students will consider how to protect themselves and other living things from sunlight.

'Protection from Sunlight 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Light

Curriculum subtopic:  Protection from Sunlight

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The sun is a huge glowing sphere of hot gas.

 

 

It shines down on earth, on all of us, the animals and plants and the land.

We need the sun to help everything grow and be healthy, BUT we also need to protect ourselves from the sun, as it can be dangerous if we get too much.

 

In this worksheet, you are going to think about the dangers of the sun and the best way we can protect ourselves and the Earth.

First, let's think about ourselves.

Choose two parts of our bodies that might need protection from the sun.

our clothes

our skin

our eyes

our mouths

Why do we need to protect our eyes?

The bright light can damage our eyes.

We can see in the dark.

Why do we need to protect our skin?

Our clothes might not fit.

The heat from the sun can burn our skin.

Why are dark glasses good protection for our eyes?

The dark lenses block some of the light reaching our eyes.

The coloured frames stop the light getting in our eyes.

How else can we protect our eyes from the sun?

Always stay inside.

Never look directly at the sun.

Which other objects would be good to help protect ourselves from the sun?

a large sun hat

a large ice-cream

a bottle of water

suntan lotion

Why do plants need protection in the sun?

so they don't die

so they don't get sweaty

Why do some animals need protection in the sun?

so they don't get sweaty

so they don't become ill

Look at this picture.

 

 

How does the Earth protect itself from the sun's dangerous rays?

by wearing dark glasses

with gases that make up the Earth's atmosphere

Read this information:

The ozone is an important layer within the part of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. 

 

 

It helps protect the Earth from the sun's ultraviolet rays. These rays are so bright and hot that they would dry up all the water on Earth. Without water all living things on Earth would die. The ozone layer also helps keep important gases, such as oxygen, within the Earth's atmosphere. 

 

Why is the ozone layer so important?

It stops dangerous rays from the sun coming onto Earth.

It is part of the stratosphere.

  • Question 1

First, let's think about ourselves.

Choose two parts of our bodies that might need protection from the sun.

CORRECT ANSWER
our skin
our eyes
EDDIE SAYS
Our eyes and skin both need protecting from the sun if we are in the sun for a long period of time.
  • Question 2

Why do we need to protect our eyes?

CORRECT ANSWER
The bright light can damage our eyes.
  • Question 3

Why do we need to protect our skin?

CORRECT ANSWER
The heat from the sun can burn our skin.
  • Question 4

Why are dark glasses good protection for our eyes?

CORRECT ANSWER
The dark lenses block some of the light reaching our eyes.
EDDIE SAYS
The dark lenses are transparent so let enough light through so we can see, but stop the stronger rays of the sun damaging our eyes.
  • Question 5

How else can we protect our eyes from the sun?

CORRECT ANSWER
Never look directly at the sun.
EDDIE SAYS
You should never look directly at the sun as it can damage your eyes.
  • Question 6

Which other objects would be good to help protect ourselves from the sun?

CORRECT ANSWER
a large sun hat
a bottle of water
suntan lotion
EDDIE SAYS
Wearing a sun hat and putting on suntan lotion are both good ways to protect ourselves in the sunshine. Drinking water also helps our bodies stay healthy by making sure we are not getting too hot and dehydrated. Ice-creams are nice, but not that important!
  • Question 7

Why do plants need protection in the sun?

CORRECT ANSWER
so they don't die
EDDIE SAYS
Plants can become too hot from the heat of the sun. They can use up the water in the earth around them and in their stems to keep cool and stay healthy. If this water is not replaced, plants will die.
  • Question 8

Why do some animals need protection in the sun?

CORRECT ANSWER
so they don't become ill
EDDIE SAYS
Some animals can also become too hot from the heat of the sun. Animals cannot always sweat to keep cool like we do, so they have to stay cool in other ways; staying out of the sun, panting like dogs, and by drinking lots of water. Animals can become dehydrated. This means that they don't have enough water in their bodies to feel healthy.
  • Question 9

Look at this picture.

 

 

How does the Earth protect itself from the sun's dangerous rays?

CORRECT ANSWER
with gases that make up the Earth's atmosphere
EDDIE SAYS
The atmosphere is several layers of gases that surround the Earth. It prevents dangerous radiation from the sun reaching the Earth.
  • Question 10

Read this information:

The ozone is an important layer within the part of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. 

 

 

It helps protect the Earth from the sun's ultraviolet rays. These rays are so bright and hot that they would dry up all the water on Earth. Without water all living things on Earth would die. The ozone layer also helps keep important gases, such as oxygen, within the Earth's atmosphere. 

 

Why is the ozone layer so important?

CORRECT ANSWER
It stops dangerous rays from the sun coming onto Earth.
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