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Rocks All Around

You can find different types of rocks being used all around you if you look.

'Rocks All Around' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Rocks

Curriculum subtopic:  Different Types of Rocks

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Where ever you are you will find rocks all around. For thousands of years people have found useful things to do with rocks. Rocks are used to make the walls and roofs of buildings. They are used to make the kerbstones that line the street. Inside buildings they might be used to make hard wearing decorative floors. Statues and memorials are made of rock, and so are fountains.

Next time you are out walking in your town or city look around at all the different ways rocks are used. This worksheet looks at some of the different types of rocks and the ways they are put to use. 

Which of these types of rock is good for making roof tiles?

 

sandstone

slate

granite

chalk

Why is marble often used for decorating buildings?

It is hard wearing and attractive

It is inexpensive

It is too heavy to use for anything else

Sandstone has been used as a building material for thousands of years. What properties make it good for this purpose?

 

It is soft and easy to carve

It is light and easy to transport

It comes in many different colours

Why wouldn't you use chalk to make a roof?

It is too soft

It is too expensive

It is permeable (lets water soak through)

True or false, concrete is a type of rock?

true

false

Diamonds are very attractive and hard wearing. Why aren't they used for building?

They aren't big enough to build with

They are too expensive

They would be too dazzling

  • Question 1

Which of these types of rock is good for making roof tiles?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
slate
EDDIE SAYS
Slate is best because it can be split easily into sheets. Sandstone and chalk let water through (they are permeable) and granite would be too heavy for a roof.
  • Question 2

Why is marble often used for decorating buildings?

CORRECT ANSWER
It is hard wearing and attractive
EDDIE SAYS
Marble is valued for decoration because it can be polished to a high shine and doesn't wear away easily.
  • Question 3

Sandstone has been used as a building material for thousands of years. What properties make it good for this purpose?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
It is soft and easy to carve
EDDIE SAYS
Even though it is soft and fairly easy to work with, sandstone can also be long lasting and weather resistant.
  • Question 4

Why wouldn't you use chalk to make a roof?

CORRECT ANSWER
It is permeable (lets water soak through)
EDDIE SAYS
A roof that soaks up water wouldn't be much use when it rains!
  • Question 5

True or false, concrete is a type of rock?

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
Concrete is an artificial stone made by mixing sand, gravel, water and cement. It is widely used as a building material.
  • Question 6

Diamonds are very attractive and hard wearing. Why aren't they used for building?

CORRECT ANSWER
They are too expensive
EDDIE SAYS
Diamonds are valued as gemstones. They may not be used as building stones but they are used to grind and polish other stones because they are so hard wearing.
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