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Who Eats What in Food Chains? 1

In this worksheet, students will consolidate their knowledge of what familiar animals eat as a foundation to understanding food chains.

'Who Eats What in Food Chains? 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:  Food Chains

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Animals need food to grow and to give them the energy to move. Different animals eat different foods...

Bowl of cat food Dandelion leaves

 

 

We feed our pet cat a very different diet from our guinea pig. In the same way, wild animals also have different diets.

 

Some animals eat plants:

Aphids on rose stem

 

and some animals eat the plant eaters:

Sparrow

 

and some animals eat the meat eaters:

Cats

 

Let's find out about how all this fits together into food chains.

In a habitat, a food chain shows us... 

who eats what

where animals live

what food is available

Animals need food for which TWO of these? 

dieting

sharing

growth

energy

Most food chains start with a... 

slug

plant

soil

Match up these animals with their diet:

 

Squirrel

Column A

Column B

squirrel
carrots and hay
caterpillar
cabbage and mustard leaves
rabbit
seeds and grains
pigeon
beech nuts and acorns

Some animals eat other animals.

Spider

 

One of the animals in this list does not eat other animals, which one is it?

spider

dragonfly

ladybird

bumble bee

Which TWO of these animals eat rabbits?

fox

magpie

sheep

mink

Some animals have a fishy diet.

Heron

 

Which THREE birds in this list do you think eat fish?

heron

crow

kingfisher

herring gull

kestrel

THREE of these animals eat slugs and snails.

Snail

 

Which are they?

frog

bat

thrush

cat

hedgehog

Some of our wild animals find it very difficult to find food in winter so they HIBERNATE.

 

What do you think HIBERNATE means?

Spend the winter asleep to save energy

Fly or move to another part of the world where it's warmer

Die off, leaving eggs ready to hatch next year

  • Question 1

In a habitat, a food chain shows us... 

CORRECT ANSWER
who eats what
EDDIE SAYS
Basically, a food chain shows the direction of food between living things, like plant TO herbivore TO carnivore. We use arrows to show the direction the energy is going in, i.e. what is eaten by what.
  • Question 2

Animals need food for which TWO of these? 

CORRECT ANSWER
growth
energy
EDDIE SAYS
Food is energy - in the same way that a car needs to go to the petrol station (or, if it's electric, be plugged in) in order to store up the energy to drive around, we all need the energy from our food to live and grow.
  • Question 3

Most food chains start with a... 

CORRECT ANSWER
plant
EDDIE SAYS
Plants change the light energy from the sun into food as they grow. Animals eat the food they make when they eat the leaves, roots, stem, flowers or seeds. This is amazing - you'll find out that plants make food out of seemingly nothing. Prepare to be amazed!
  • Question 4

Match up these animals with their diet:

 

Squirrel

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

squirrel
beech nuts and acorns
caterpillar
cabbage and mustard leaves
rabbit
carrots and hay
pigeon
seeds and grains
EDDIE SAYS
All of these animals eat plant parts and are sometimes not welcome in our gardens! Notice how different animals are designed for different foods - the pigeon's beak is best for picking up seeds, not leaves, while the caterpillar's jaws munch their way through the edges of leaves (like your cabbages and broccoli plants!).
  • Question 5

Some animals eat other animals.

Spider

 

One of the animals in this list does not eat other animals, which one is it?

CORRECT ANSWER
bumble bee
EDDIE SAYS
Bumble bees eat pollen and drink nectar which is produced in flowers. Spiders, dragonflies and ladybirds eat other animals. Remember, they are called CARNIVORES.
  • Question 6

Which TWO of these animals eat rabbits?

CORRECT ANSWER
fox
mink
EDDIE SAYS
Foxes and mink (like big weasels) eat other animals - they are carnivores. Magpies also eat other animals - but rabbits are too big! Magpies often take eggs and chicks from nests in the spring. Sheep, as you'll know, are herbivores which eat grass.
  • Question 7

Some animals have a fishy diet.

Heron

 

Which THREE birds in this list do you think eat fish?

CORRECT ANSWER
heron
kingfisher
herring gull
EDDIE SAYS
Crows and kestrels eat other animals, but are not good at fishing! Herons, kingfishers and herring gulls have beaks adapted to catching and eating fish.
  • Question 8

THREE of these animals eat slugs and snails.

Snail

 

Which are they?

CORRECT ANSWER
frog
thrush
hedgehog
EDDIE SAYS
Gardeners welcome frogs, thrushes and hedgehogs into their gardens because of these animals' favourite snack! Snails might not seem very appetising to you, but to these predators they are a feast! Bats catch insects, like moths, while they're out flying and cats are keen catchers of mice and small birds!
  • Question 9

Some of our wild animals find it very difficult to find food in winter so they HIBERNATE.

 

What do you think HIBERNATE means?

CORRECT ANSWER
Spend the winter asleep to save energy
EDDIE SAYS
Toads, bats and hedgehogs are examples of animals which cannot hunt in winter because their food is very hard to find, instead they hibernate. Toads and frogs hibernate in the mud at the bottom of a pond, hedgehogs and dormice hibernate in piles of leaves under a hedgerow or in a hole in the base of a tree, while bats hibernate deep in caves and other dark, cool places. Animals that move elsewhere MIGRATE to another place.
---- OR ----

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