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Animal Adaptations to Habitats

Students consider the ways animals have adapted to survive in different habitats, for example, fish have gills to breathe in water.

'Animal Adaptations to Habitats' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Living Things and Their Habitats

Curriculum subtopic:  Classification and Environment

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Animals come in a huge variety of colours, shapes and sizes!

HUMMINGBIRD PANDA SEALION

 

These differences are for very special reasons. Animals have evolved to ADAPT to their habitat.  Think of an animal - any animal! Every organism is adapted to live in its habitat. This means that it will be able to grow and reproduce.

 

Some animals are adapted to live in water, like the lionseal.

Some animals have adaptations which allow them to eat food which others can not reach, like the humming bird, which drinks nectar.

Some animals have evolved colours and patterns which allow them to blend in to their habitat, like the giant panda which blends into shaded bamboo forests.

Animals which swim in water – like frogs, swans, otters – all have... 

lifejackets

webbed feet

arm bands

Some animals are adapted to watery habitats in other ways. This diving beetle and waterboatmen have which adaptation?

strong, muscular legs

wings

wet suits

Sealions have adapted to living in the sea where they catch their food. They too have webbed flippers. Which two of these adaptations do they also have?

streamlined body

scuba diving gear

radar

thick layer of fat under the skin

Polar bears live on the ice and snow in the Arctic. Their favourite food is seal.

Match up the adaptation with its function.

Column A

Column B

large paws
spreds weight on soft snow
layer of fat under the skin
camouflage
white coat
keeps in body heat
huge, sharp canine teeth
grabbing and tearing meat

If you live in the water, you need to be able to breathe!

Animals have adapted different ways of doing this. Which part of the shark allows it to breathe in the water?

Shark teeth are adapted to eating... 

ham sandwiches

seaweed

other animals

Badgers live in woodland habitats. They dig setts deep under ground and one of their favourite snacks is earthworms.

What do badgers have which makes them excellent diggers?

pneumatic drills

long, strong claws

sharp teeth

Some animals have adapted to being active at night time when it is dark. What word do scientists use to describe these animals? 

nocturnal

diurnal

normal

Which three of these adaptations do we find in a range of nocturnal animals? 

sensitive hearing

wings

echo-location

eyes that can see in the dark

feathers

Which of these nocturnal animals uses echo-location? 

owls

cats

bats

  • Question 1

Animals which swim in water – like frogs, swans, otters – all have... 

CORRECT ANSWER
webbed feet
EDDIE SAYS
Many swimming animals including amphibians, birds and mammals have webbed feet - their toes are joined together by skin which pushes a lot of water with each stroke.
  • Question 2

Some animals are adapted to watery habitats in other ways. This diving beetle and waterboatmen have which adaptation?

CORRECT ANSWER
strong, muscular legs
EDDIE SAYS
Yes, insects have muscles too! These pond insects push against the water with their big, strong legs.
  • Question 3

Sealions have adapted to living in the sea where they catch their food. They too have webbed flippers. Which two of these adaptations do they also have?

CORRECT ANSWER
streamlined body
thick layer of fat under the skin
EDDIE SAYS
Seals are mammals just like us. They are warm blooded but live in a cold environment. Seals have adapted to the cold by having a fat layer under the skin to keep them warm, but it also gives their body the smooth streamlining needed for super swimming and diving skills.
  • Question 4

Polar bears live on the ice and snow in the Arctic. Their favourite food is seal.

Match up the adaptation with its function.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

large paws
spreds weight on soft snow
layer of fat under the skin
keeps in body heat
white coat
camouflage
huge, sharp canine teeth
grabbing and tearing meat
EDDIE SAYS
Did you know that polar bears have white fur, but black skin? Black skin helps them keep warm, and white fur allows them to hunt without being seen.
  • Question 5

If you live in the water, you need to be able to breathe!

Animals have adapted different ways of doing this. Which part of the shark allows it to breathe in the water?

CORRECT ANSWER
gills
EDDIE SAYS
Fish gills absorb oxygen from the water in exchange for carbon dioxide produced by its working muscles.
  • Question 6

Shark teeth are adapted to eating... 

CORRECT ANSWER
other animals
EDDIE SAYS
Scientist can tell a lot about an animal's diet from its teeth. Sharp pointed teeth are used for grabbing prey and tearing flesh! Ugh!
  • Question 7

Badgers live in woodland habitats. They dig setts deep under ground and one of their favourite snacks is earthworms.

What do badgers have which makes them excellent diggers?

CORRECT ANSWER
long, strong claws
  • Question 8

Some animals have adapted to being active at night time when it is dark. What word do scientists use to describe these animals? 

CORRECT ANSWER
nocturnal
EDDIE SAYS
Diurnal animals are active during daylight hours. Nocturnal animals also live in a variety of habitats. Some animals are nocturnal to avoid becoming prey to meat eaters, and some are nocturnal hunters...
  • Question 9

Which three of these adaptations do we find in a range of nocturnal animals? 

CORRECT ANSWER
sensitive hearing
echo-location
eyes that can see in the dark
EDDIE SAYS
Nocturnal animals need to collect information using very well developed senses. These might be sight, sound, feel, taste or echo-location.
  • Question 10

Which of these nocturnal animals uses echo-location? 

CORRECT ANSWER
bats
EDDIE SAYS
Bats make a high-pitched squeak. The sound bounces back off solid objects. The bats' sensitive ears hear this 'echo' and can locate their food and fly safely in the dark. That's clever!
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