The picture shows the tilt of the Earth as it orbits the sun.
Places on Earth that have extreme temperatures and very little water available to plant life are known as deserts.
The North and South Poles are the places on Earth which receive the least energy from the sun, this makes the poles permanently cold. These places are known as cold deserts.
The equator divides the Earth into two halves or hemispheres. In the UK we live in the Northern hemisphere. Places at the equator receive the most energy from the sun, making them hot and dry. These places are known as hot deserts.
Due to a lot of things we do on Earth, like burning fossil fuels, our planet is slowly getting warmer. This is causing CLIMATE CHANGE.
Due to climate change, some of the ice that covers large areas of the Arctic circle is melting. Many scientists predict that unless we slow down the rate of climate change, we will lose more and more ice from the poles and more deserts will form near the equator.
Let's find out about how life adapts to extremes of climate.