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SAT Practice: Scientific Enquiry 1 (2013/Levels 3-5)

In this worksheet students practise the 2013 SAT style questions similar of those contained in past SAT papers.

'SAT Practice: Scientific Enquiry 1 (2013/Levels 3-5)' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Practice Papers

Curriculum subtopic:   SAT Practice Papers

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

This worksheet contains 20 SAT style questions. Questions are taken from across the whole science strand including scientific enquiry (SAT 2013).

These questions are typical of the type students will come across during the examination and are appropriate for those students who will sit the level 3-5 paper.

Water is essential for life. Rain brings water for plants, animals and people.

Water which falls as rain runs into streams and rivers on its way to the sea.

Heat from the sun and the wind evaporates water from lakes and the sea. It rises in the air to form clouds, where the water vapour condenses into droplets.

 

 

In this water cycle, which of these descriptions describe the word cycle?

a mountain bike

a process with no beginning or end

a process with a definite start

The water cycle includes water in streams and lakes - and water in seas and oceans.

Which material is present in sea and ocean water, but not in fresh water streams and lakes?

Write one word.

Water evaporates from lakes, seas and oceans.

 

 

Which of these describes the process of evaporation?

solid changing to liquid

gas changing to liquid

liquid changing to gas

Which process describes how clouds are formed?

 

melting

condensing

raining

What can happen when the water droplets become too heavy in the cloud?

Tick the three correct answers.

hail stones

rain

a rainbow

snow

a hurricane

What properties do all gases have?

Select two from the list.

colourless

easy to compress

have a definite volume

can spread to fill a container

poisonous

Fred says: "If I fill a syringe with gas, put my finger over the end and push hard on the plunger, I can squash the gas into a smaller space."

 

 

Which statement explains this scientifically?

Fred is extremely strong.

Gases can be easily compressed.

The gas has escaped into the air.

Julie sprays an aerosol air freshener in one corner of the classroom. After a few minutes, Fred can smell it in the corridor outside the room.

What does this tell us about gases? 

All gases have an odour.

There's a draft in the classroom blowing the gas about.

Gases move to fill the space available.

Complete the following statement by writing one word.

If a gas is cooled enough, it changes into a __________.

What is the name of the gas produced when water is heated to its boiling point?

Write one word.

What is it called when a seed begins to grow into a new plant?

 

pollination

fertilisation

germination

reproduction

What are the three things a seed needs to germinate?

light, water, soil

light, air, warmth

water, warmth, air

Three bean seeds were planted in separate pots.

One pot was kept in the fridge, the second pot was placed on a sunny windowsill and the third pot was kept under a bucket in a warm place.

All of the seeds were kept watered.

 

Which seed grew first?

the seed in the fridge

the seed under the bucket

the seed on the windowsill

the seeds in the fridge and under the bucket

the seeds under the bucket and on the windowsill

Why do new plants grow in the spring?

 

Seeds germinate when the weather gets warmer.

Seeds germinate when the days get longer.

Seeds germinate when people dig their gardens.

What is the first thing to appear when a seed begins to germinate?

Write one word.

Objects that produce light are known as luminous sources.

Tick each of the following that you think is a luminous source.

candle

the Sun

the Moon

stars

torch

fire

lamp

cat's eyes in road

Some objects don't produce their own light but are very good at reflecting light.

Tick each of the following that you think are good reflectors.

lamp

polished table

metal knife

the sea

rusty key

shiny black shoes

window

Amy and Sam were camping. They are about to light the fire.

"Oh no!" exclaimed Amy. "I've forgotten the matches!"

Sam wondered: "The Sun's hot today - can the Sun help us to light the fire?"

"Brilliant!" cheered Amy, "I'll get the aluminium foil - that's good at reflecting the Sun's rays. We can start a fire with that."

 

 

Which of the following do you think would be the best way for Amy to use the aluminium foil in order to reflect the Sun's rays to start the fire?

scrumple it up so there are more edges to reflect heat

spread it out as smooth and flat as possible

spread butter over it to make it shiny

What do you think is happening when light bounces off an object to your eyes?

It's being reflected.

It's being bent.

It's being absorbed.

Which of the following statements about light is not true?

Light rays travel in straight lines.

Light travels as a lightwave.

Light travels at 300 million m/s.

Light was discovered by the Greek philosopher Aristotle.

We can see light from 3000 light years away.

  • Question 1

Water is essential for life. Rain brings water for plants, animals and people.

Water which falls as rain runs into streams and rivers on its way to the sea.

Heat from the sun and the wind evaporates water from lakes and the sea. It rises in the air to form clouds, where the water vapour condenses into droplets.

 

 

In this water cycle, which of these descriptions describe the word cycle?

CORRECT ANSWER
a process with no beginning or end
EDDIE SAYS
Cycles in science are processes which continue without a beginning or end. Other examples are animal and plant life cycles.
  • Question 2

The water cycle includes water in streams and lakes - and water in seas and oceans.

Which material is present in sea and ocean water, but not in fresh water streams and lakes?

Write one word.

CORRECT ANSWER
salt
Salt
EDDIE SAYS
Salt is present in sea and ocean water, but not in fresh water.
  • Question 3

Water evaporates from lakes, seas and oceans.

 

 

Which of these describes the process of evaporation?

CORRECT ANSWER
liquid changing to gas
EDDIE SAYS
In an evaporation process the liquid water changes into a gas.
  • Question 4

Which process describes how clouds are formed?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
condensing
EDDIE SAYS
When a gas changes into a liquid, the process is called condensing.
  • Question 5

What can happen when the water droplets become too heavy in the cloud?

Tick the three correct answers.

CORRECT ANSWER
hail stones
rain
snow
EDDIE SAYS
When the temperature in the air is cold, the water in the cloud freezes as it falls, changing it to snow or hail stones.
  • Question 6

What properties do all gases have?

Select two from the list.

CORRECT ANSWER
easy to compress
can spread to fill a container
EDDIE SAYS
Many gases are colourless and poisonous but all are easy to compress and can spread to fill a container.
  • Question 7

Fred says: "If I fill a syringe with gas, put my finger over the end and push hard on the plunger, I can squash the gas into a smaller space."

 

 

Which statement explains this scientifically?

CORRECT ANSWER
Gases can be easily compressed.
EDDIE SAYS
Because the particles in a gas are far apart, gases can be compressed, reducing the amount of space they take up.
  • Question 8

Julie sprays an aerosol air freshener in one corner of the classroom. After a few minutes, Fred can smell it in the corridor outside the room.

What does this tell us about gases? 

CORRECT ANSWER
Gases move to fill the space available.
EDDIE SAYS
Gas particles travel, changing the volume of the gas.
  • Question 9

Complete the following statement by writing one word.

If a gas is cooled enough, it changes into a __________.

CORRECT ANSWER
liquid
Liquid
EDDIE SAYS
If a gas is cooled enough, it will turn into a liquid.
  • Question 10

What is the name of the gas produced when water is heated to its boiling point?

Write one word.

CORRECT ANSWER
steam
Steam
EDDIE SAYS
The gas from boiling water is called steam.
  • Question 11

What is it called when a seed begins to grow into a new plant?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
germination
EDDIE SAYS
Each seed contains a tiny plant waiting for the right conditions to germinate.
  • Question 12

What are the three things a seed needs to germinate?

CORRECT ANSWER
water, warmth, air
EDDIE SAYS
Without these three things a seed will not grow.
  • Question 13

Three bean seeds were planted in separate pots.

One pot was kept in the fridge, the second pot was placed on a sunny windowsill and the third pot was kept under a bucket in a warm place.

All of the seeds were kept watered.

 

Which seed grew first?

CORRECT ANSWER
the seeds under the bucket and on the windowsill
EDDIE SAYS
The seeds that were kept warm and watered grew first, even though one was kept in the dark.
This tells us that light is not important for germination, but water and temperature are important.
  • Question 14

Why do new plants grow in the spring?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Seeds germinate when the weather gets warmer.
EDDIE SAYS
Seeds need warmth to germinate. Many plant seeds stay dormant (inactive) in the soil over winter.
  • Question 15

What is the first thing to appear when a seed begins to germinate?

Write one word.

CORRECT ANSWER
root
roots
Root
Roots
EDDIE SAYS
The first thing to emerge from a seed is a root.
This is important because no water is stored in the seed. The root pushes into the soil and starts to draw up the water the growing seedling needs.
  • Question 16

Objects that produce light are known as luminous sources.

Tick each of the following that you think is a luminous source.

CORRECT ANSWER
candle
the Sun
stars
torch
fire
lamp
EDDIE SAYS
Anything that produces its own light is a luminous source.
In the list above the moon shines because the Sun's light is bouncing off it and cat's eyes also reflect light - from car headlights. All the others produce their own light.
  • Question 17

Some objects don't produce their own light but are very good at reflecting light.

Tick each of the following that you think are good reflectors.

CORRECT ANSWER
polished table
metal knife
shiny black shoes
window
EDDIE SAYS
Anything with a smooth, shiny surface will be a good reflector.
A lamp is not a reflector as it produces light, a rusty key has a rough (dull) surface and the sea is rarely completely still (as a lake sometimes is) so tends to scatter light rays in different directions.
  • Question 18

Amy and Sam were camping. They are about to light the fire.

"Oh no!" exclaimed Amy. "I've forgotten the matches!"

Sam wondered: "The Sun's hot today - can the Sun help us to light the fire?"

"Brilliant!" cheered Amy, "I'll get the aluminium foil - that's good at reflecting the Sun's rays. We can start a fire with that."

 

 

Which of the following do you think would be the best way for Amy to use the aluminium foil in order to reflect the Sun's rays to start the fire?

CORRECT ANSWER
spread it out as smooth and flat as possible
EDDIE SAYS
Smooth shiny surfaces reflect best, so if the aluminium foil is as much like a mirror as possible, it may be able to reflect enough of the Sun's rays to start their fire.
  • Question 19

What do you think is happening when light bounces off an object to your eyes?

CORRECT ANSWER
It's being reflected.
EDDIE SAYS
Think about kicking a football against the wall - it bounces off - that's reflection. In fact, try kicking the ball against the wall at different angles to see how it bounces off - where does it go?
Light behaves in a similar way.
  • Question 20

Which of the following statements about light is not true?

CORRECT ANSWER
Light was discovered by the Greek philosopher Aristotle.
EDDIE SAYS
Amazingly the only one that isn't true is that anyone DISCOVERED light!
It really does go at 300 million m/s so a light year is how far light travels in one year - wow! And our eyes really can see stars whose light started out on its journey to us 3000 years ago. It's amazing stuff!
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