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SAT Practice: Scientific Enquiry 2 (2013/Levels 3-5)

In this worksheet students practise the 2013 SAT style questions similar of those contained in past SAT papers.

'SAT Practice: Scientific Enquiry 2 (2013/Levels 3-5)' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Practice Papers

Curriculum subtopic:   SAT Practice Papers

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

This worksheet contains 20 SAT style questions. Questions are taken from across the whole science strand including scientific enquiry (SAT 2013).

These questions are typical of the type students will come across during the examination and are appropriate for those students who will sit the level 3-5 paper.

Sounds are all around us. Some sounds are LOUD, like the sound of an aeroplane and some sounds are soft, like the squeak of a mouse.

To make a sound, something has to vibrate.

 

When something vibrates, what does it do?

whistles

is switched on

moves to and fro

Match up the musical instrument with the way we usually produce its sound.

 

RECORDER TRIANGLE GUITAR MARACAS

 

Column A

Column B

recorder
strum
triangle
strike
guitar
shake
maracas
blow

Mai is enjoying making music with the maracas.

 

How do other students in the room hear the sound she is making? Finish this sentence:

 

The vibrations made by shaking the maracas travel through the _________.

speakers

ear phones

air

Mai is busy doing her homework in the kitchen with the window and doors closed. She hears the tune played by the ice cream van.

What does this tell Mai?

It's time for a treat.

The ice cream van is in the kitchen.

Sound can travel through solids.

Mai has discovered some facts about sounds today.

Finish the sentences she writes in her notebook:

 

Sound travels through _________.

air only

air and water

water only

air, water and solids

solids only

Chris and Steph want to investigate melting ice for a school project.

They think of some questions.

 

Which three of these questions can Chris and Steph investigate?

How does temperature affect melting?

How does the size of the cubes affect melting?

How does ice melt on the moon?

How does the liquid, the ice is made from, affect melting?

Chris and Steph must think about the variables in this investigation.

What does variable mean?

the things we can change

the question

the time

Steph decides that they will investigate this question:

"How does the liquid, the ice is made from, affect how it melts?"

They freeze water, orange juice, coca cola and lemonade.

 

Which two variables must they keep the same?

where the liquids are frozen

the size of the ice molds

the shape of the ice molds

who freezes the liquids

How many variables or factors can they change to keep the test fair?

Write one word.

To find out how long the frozen liquids take to melt, Steph and Chris must measure the time taken.

 

Match up the measuring equipment below with what is being measured.

Column A

Column B

mass
balance
distance
ruler
temperature
thermometer
time
stopwatch

Here is a plane flying along at a steady speed.

There are three arrows shown representing different forces.

 

Match each arrow to the correct force.

Column A

Column B

A
friction
B
thrust
C
gravity

Billy likes painting his Warhammer figures - here's one he's finished:

 

He hangs his figure on a forcemeter to see how much it weighs:

 

 

Which force acting on his figure is Billy measuring?

gravity

friction

stretching

His figure weighs 0.5N.

Keeping it on the forcemeter he lowers the figure into a glass of water and to his surprise he finds the reading decreases to 0.4N.

 

What is the name of the force that causes his figure to seem to weigh less?

water pressure

upthrust

friction

Next Billy replaces his Warhammer figure with a rubber ball to see how much that weighs on his forcemeter.

He finds the answer is 5N.

When he lowers the ball into a tub of water, he finds that the ball floats.

 

What do you think is the likely reading on his forcemeter when the ball is floating?

0N

1N

5N

Here is a picture of Billy's ball floating in the water.

The arrows are drawn in opposite directions but they are the same size.

 

 

What do you think this means?

The ball is being squashed.

The ball is stationary at that level in the water.

The ball is moving sideways in the water.

When a seed begins to grow (germinate) the root appears first.

Next to grow is the stem.

 

Three of the following are functions of the stem, which are they?

It carries water and minerals from the root to the leaves and flowers.

It holds the plant upright.

It helps slugs reach the leaves.

It carries food from the leaves to all parts of the plant.

It makes food for the plant.

Plants are very special because they make their own food using sun light, water and carbon dioxide.

Which part of the plant carries out photosynthesis (the scientific name for food production in plants)?

Write one word.

Here is a list of plant parts. Put them in the order they grow on the plant to complete the life cycle:

 

leaf    seed    bud    stem    flower    root

 

Just write the words in lower case.

 Plant Parts
1
2
3
4
5
6

Seeds are the reproductive part of the plant's life cycle.

Seeds come in all shapes and sizes.

 

Match up these descriptions with their right seed.

Column A

Column B

apple
hard, brown, hairy shell
wheat seeds (grains)
rolled and toasted to make breakfast cereal
strawberry
tiny seeds on the outside of the fruit
sweetcorn
seeds (pips) in the core
coconut
ground to make flour

Fruit and vegetables are part of a healthy, balanced diet.

When we eat these foods, which part of the plant are we eating?

Column A

Column B

walnut
seed
cabbage
flower
celery
root
broccoli
leaf
turnip
stem
peach
fruit
  • Question 1

Sounds are all around us. Some sounds are LOUD, like the sound of an aeroplane and some sounds are soft, like the squeak of a mouse.

To make a sound, something has to vibrate.

 

When something vibrates, what does it do?

CORRECT ANSWER
moves to and fro
EDDIE SAYS
Vibration means that something has to move to and fro, a bit like trembling. This movement makes the sound.
  • Question 2

Match up the musical instrument with the way we usually produce its sound.

 

RECORDER TRIANGLE GUITAR MARACAS

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

recorder
blow
triangle
strike
guitar
strum
maracas
shake
EDDIE SAYS
We can make musical instruments vibrate in different ways, which produces very different sounds from the ones we expect!
  • Question 3

Mai is enjoying making music with the maracas.

 

How do other students in the room hear the sound she is making? Finish this sentence:

 

The vibrations made by shaking the maracas travel through the _________.

CORRECT ANSWER
air
EDDIE SAYS
Sounds can reach our ears by travelling through the air around us.
  • Question 4

Mai is busy doing her homework in the kitchen with the window and doors closed. She hears the tune played by the ice cream van.

What does this tell Mai?

CORRECT ANSWER
Sound can travel through solids.
EDDIE SAYS
Sound vibrations can also travel through solids.
  • Question 5

Mai has discovered some facts about sounds today.

Finish the sentences she writes in her notebook:

 

Sound travels through _________.

CORRECT ANSWER
air, water and solids
EDDIE SAYS
Sound travels through gases, liquids and solids.
  • Question 6

Chris and Steph want to investigate melting ice for a school project.

They think of some questions.

 

Which three of these questions can Chris and Steph investigate?

CORRECT ANSWER
How does temperature affect melting?
How does the size of the cubes affect melting?
How does the liquid, the ice is made from, affect melting?
EDDIE SAYS
We can change the variables, temperature, size and colour.
It would be brilliant if we could melt ice on the moon, but this is not a question we can investigate!
  • Question 7

Chris and Steph must think about the variables in this investigation.

What does variable mean?

CORRECT ANSWER
the things we can change
EDDIE SAYS
Variables are the things we can change, for example the size of the cubes.
  • Question 8

Steph decides that they will investigate this question:

"How does the liquid, the ice is made from, affect how it melts?"

They freeze water, orange juice, coca cola and lemonade.

 

Which two variables must they keep the same?

CORRECT ANSWER
the size of the ice molds
the shape of the ice molds
EDDIE SAYS
Liquids freeze at different temperatures. The students must keep the size and shape of the ice molds the same to make the test fair. Who, and where the liquids are frozen, will not affect the fair test.
  • Question 9

How many variables or factors can they change to keep the test fair?

Write one word.

CORRECT ANSWER
1
one
One
EDDIE SAYS
Fair test means that only ONE variable is changed.
  • Question 10

To find out how long the frozen liquids take to melt, Steph and Chris must measure the time taken.

 

Match up the measuring equipment below with what is being measured.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

mass
balance
distance
ruler
temperature
thermometer
time
stopwatch
EDDIE SAYS
To find out a mass you need a balance, and to measure a distance you need a ruler. To get the temperature right you need a thermometer, and if you want to time something you need a stopwatch.
  • Question 11

Here is a plane flying along at a steady speed.

There are three arrows shown representing different forces.

 

Match each arrow to the correct force.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

A
friction
B
gravity
C
thrust
EDDIE SAYS
Gravity, of course, always acts downwards (B) and the thrust of the engines is pushing the plane forward (C). It has to push the air out of the way: that's air resistance or friction (A).
  • Question 12

Billy likes painting his Warhammer figures - here's one he's finished:

 

He hangs his figure on a forcemeter to see how much it weighs:

 

 

Which force acting on his figure is Billy measuring?

CORRECT ANSWER
gravity
EDDIE SAYS
When you measure how 'heavy' something is (or weigh it) you're measuring the pull of gravity on that object.
  • Question 13

His figure weighs 0.5N.

Keeping it on the forcemeter he lowers the figure into a glass of water and to his surprise he finds the reading decreases to 0.4N.

 

What is the name of the force that causes his figure to seem to weigh less?

CORRECT ANSWER
upthrust
EDDIE SAYS
Basically water pushes UP against the force of gravity: gravity still acts through water, of course, but the support that water gives (because it's much 'thicker' than air) means that this upthrust causes objects to weigh less in water than air.
Marine animals can grow much bigger because of this: the blue whale is the biggest animal EVER to have lived on earth!
  • Question 14

Next Billy replaces his Warhammer figure with a rubber ball to see how much that weighs on his forcemeter.

He finds the answer is 5N.

When he lowers the ball into a tub of water, he finds that the ball floats.

 

What do you think is the likely reading on his forcemeter when the ball is floating?

CORRECT ANSWER
0N
EDDIE SAYS
When an object floats, the upthrust has overcome gravity and although gravity is keeping it on the surface of the water, the upward force of the water means that it has no weight in water due to gravity as the upthrust force is greater.
  • Question 15

Here is a picture of Billy's ball floating in the water.

The arrows are drawn in opposite directions but they are the same size.

 

 

What do you think this means?

CORRECT ANSWER
The ball is stationary at that level in the water.
EDDIE SAYS
Force arrows that are equal and opposite mean either:
a) the object is not moving or b) it is moving at a steady speed, not slowing down or speeding up.
Since the ball is steady in the water it means it's simply sitting still.
  • Question 16

When a seed begins to grow (germinate) the root appears first.

Next to grow is the stem.

 

Three of the following are functions of the stem, which are they?

CORRECT ANSWER
It carries water and minerals from the root to the leaves and flowers.
It holds the plant upright.
It carries food from the leaves to all parts of the plant.
EDDIE SAYS
The stem carries water, nutrients and food to all parts of the plant. It also holds the plant upright.
  • Question 17

Plants are very special because they make their own food using sun light, water and carbon dioxide.

Which part of the plant carries out photosynthesis (the scientific name for food production in plants)?

Write one word.

CORRECT ANSWER
leaf
leaves
EDDIE SAYS
Food made in the leaves builds all the other parts of the plant.
  • Question 18

Here is a list of plant parts. Put them in the order they grow on the plant to complete the life cycle:

 

leaf    seed    bud    stem    flower    root

 

Just write the words in lower case.

CORRECT ANSWER
 Plant Parts
1
2
3
4
5
6
EDDIE SAYS
The seed (1) sends out a root (2) to get water to continue growth. Then the plant grows a stem (3) where leaves (4) can unfold and finally it develops a bud (5) that can develop into a flower (6).
  • Question 19

Seeds are the reproductive part of the plant's life cycle.

Seeds come in all shapes and sizes.

 

Match up these descriptions with their right seed.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

apple
seeds (pips) in the core
wheat seeds (grains)
ground to make flour
strawberry
tiny seeds on the outside of the ...
sweetcorn
rolled and toasted to make breakf...
coconut
hard, brown, hairy shell
EDDIE SAYS
You'll find seed from an apple in the apple core.
Wheat seeds are ground to produce flour.
The strawberry seeds are tiny seeds on the outside of the fruit.
You might know the seeds from a sweetcorn as cornflakes.
And the coconut seed is the hard, hairy shell.
  • Question 20

Fruit and vegetables are part of a healthy, balanced diet.

When we eat these foods, which part of the plant are we eating?

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

walnut
seed
cabbage
leaf
celery
stem
broccoli
flower
turnip
root
peach
fruit
EDDIE SAYS
When we eat these foods, we actually eat something from each step in the life cycle of a plant.
---- OR ----

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