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We use ADDING when we increase or finish with more objects.

 

Example

Fatima has 3 teddies and her parents give her 2 more.

How many does she have now?

 

Answer

We work out 3 + 2 because she now has 3 teddies and 2 more.

3 + 2 = 5

She has 5 teddies now.

 

We use TAKING AWAY or SUBTRACTING when we decrease or finish with fewer objects.

 

Example

Fatima has 6 teddies and she gives 2 to her brother.

How many does she have now?

 

Answer

We work out 6 - 2 because she now has 2 teddies less than the 6 she started with.

6 - 2 = 4

She has 4 teddies now.

10 questions