We use **ADDING **when we increase or finish with more objects.

**Example**

Fatima has 3 teddies and her parents give her 2 more.

How many does she have now?

**Answer**

We work out 3 + 2 because she now has 3 teddies and 2 more.

3 + 2 = 5

She has **5** teddies now.

We use **TAKING AWAY** or **SUBTRACTING**** **when we decrease or finish with fewer objects.

**Example**

Fatima has 6 teddies and she gives 2 to her brother.

How many does she have now?

**Answer**

We work out 6 - 2 because she now has 2 teddies less than the 6 she started with.

6 - 2 = 4

She has **4** teddies now.