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Understand Terms Used in Poetry

In this worksheet, students learn to recognise and understand some of the terminology used in poetry.

'Understand Terms Used in Poetry' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   English

Curriculum subtopic:   Grammar: Alliteration & Onomatopoeia

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

It is good to read poems simply for enjoyment, but learning some of the terms used in poetry can help us to understand what we read.

Little girl reading

This table gives the meaning of some of the terms you will come across when you are learning about poetry.

rhyme

words or lines ending in with the same sound

alliteration

two or more words beginning with the same sound

rhythm

the way words and syllables are either stressed or unstressed in a poem:

Old King Cole was a merry old soul (stressed syllables in bold)

stanza the technical name for a verse: a set of lines grouped together in a poem
verse the name often given to a set of lines grouped together in a poem, but really the word for writing that is in the form of a poem rather than a story
chorus part of a poem or song that is repeated at the end of each stanza
couplet two consecutive lines of poetry (one line straight after the other) that often rhyme

 

In this worksheet, you will be asked questions about these terms and their meanings. Remember that you can look back at this introduction as often as you like by clicking the Help button.

Look at the underlined words in the section of poetry below. What are they an example of?

 

The north wind doth blow

And we shall have snow

 

Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking on the Help button.

Rhyme

Alliteration

Rhythm

What term is used to describe the underlined words this time?

 

Pease porridge in the pot

Nine days old.

Rhyme

Alliteration

Rhythm

Read these lines of poetry and then decide whether the statement afterwards is true or false.

 

Oh the grand old Duke of York,

He had ten thousand men;

He marched them up to the top of the hill,

And he marched them down again.

 

The lines in bold are an example of a couplet.

True

False

Decide whether this statement is true or false.

 

A stanza is the correct name for a verse of a poem.

True

False

The rhythm of a poem is the way in which some words or syllables are stressed and others are unstressed. Read these lines from a nursery rhyme out loud and listen to the rhythm.

 

Simple Simon met a pieman,

Going to the fair;

Said Simple Simon to the pieman,

'Let me taste your ware.'

 

In the first line, four syllables are stressed:

Simple Simon met a pieman.

 

How many syllables are stressed in the last line?

2

3

4

Read the following definition and write the missing word in the answer box.

 

Lines that are repeated at the end of each stanza of a poem or song are called a __________.

To check that you really understand all the terms, match them up with their definitions.

Column A

Column B

verse
Two consecutive lines of a poem (with no other lin...
stanza
Writing in the form of a poem rather than a story
couplet
Words or lines ending in the same sound
rhyme
Lines that are repeated at the end of each stanza ...
alliteration
A group of lines in a poem or song
chorus
Two or more words beginning with the same sound
rhythm
The way words and syllables are stressed when a po...
  • Question 1

Look at the underlined words in the section of poetry below. What are they an example of?

 

The north wind doth blow

And we shall have snow

 

Remember that you can look back at the introduction as often as you like by clicking on the Help button.

CORRECT ANSWER
Rhyme
EDDIE SAYS
Great to see you giving this a go. The words \'blow\' and \'snow\' both end in -ow, so they rhyme.
  • Question 2

What term is used to describe the underlined words this time?

 

Pease porridge in the pot

Nine days old.

CORRECT ANSWER
Alliteration
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! The underlined words all begin with the \'p\' sound. This is an example of alliteration.
  • Question 3

Read these lines of poetry and then decide whether the statement afterwards is true or false.

 

Oh the grand old Duke of York,

He had ten thousand men;

He marched them up to the top of the hill,

And he marched them down again.

 

The lines in bold are an example of a couplet.

CORRECT ANSWER
False
EDDIE SAYS
A tricky one. Although the two lines rhyme with each other they are not consecutive (there is another line in between them). A rhyming couplet needs to be two consecutive lines of poetry.
  • Question 4

Decide whether this statement is true or false.

 

A stanza is the correct name for a verse of a poem.

CORRECT ANSWER
True
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic effort! This statement is correct, but the term \'verse\' is widely used and is generally accepted as well.
  • Question 5

The rhythm of a poem is the way in which some words or syllables are stressed and others are unstressed. Read these lines from a nursery rhyme out loud and listen to the rhythm.

 

Simple Simon met a pieman,

Going to the fair;

Said Simple Simon to the pieman,

'Let me taste your ware.'

 

In the first line, four syllables are stressed:

Simple Simon met a pieman.

 

How many syllables are stressed in the last line?

CORRECT ANSWER
3
EDDIE SAYS
When we read the last line out loud we stress the words \'let\', \'taste\' and \'ware\'. Great job keep it up!
  • Question 6

Read the following definition and write the missing word in the answer box.

 

Lines that are repeated at the end of each stanza of a poem or song are called a __________.

CORRECT ANSWER
Chorus
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! Not all poems have choruses. Many hymns and songs do. Remember if you are stuck at all you can look back at the introduction where all the meanings are explained.
  • Question 7

To check that you really understand all the terms, match them up with their definitions.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

verse
Writing in the form of a poem rat...
stanza
A group of lines in a poem or son...
couplet
Two consecutive lines of a poem (...
rhyme
Words or lines ending in the same...
alliteration
Two or more words beginning with ...
chorus
Lines that are repeated at the en...
rhythm
The way words and syllables are s...
EDDIE SAYS
High five for effort! The trickiest ones are \'verse\' and \'stanza\', as the two words are often used to describe the same thing.
---- OR ----

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