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Terminology: The Language of Poetry

In this activity, students study the terminology often associated with analysing poetry and poetic conventions.

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'Terminology: The Language of Poetry' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Year:  Year 5 11+ worksheets

Curriculum topic:   English

Curriculum subtopic:   Grammar: Imagery (Metaphors, Similes & Personification)

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

Are there any words for talking about poetry that you find confusing? Here is a brief guide to help you understand some of them:

accent: The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. In the word poetry, the accent (or stress) falls on the first syllable.

alliteration: The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words, e.g. "fluffy flakes of falling snow".

assonance: The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, within a word, especially vowel sounds, e.g. "fleet feet sweep by sleeping geeks"

figure of speech: A verbal expression in which words or sounds are arranged in a particular way to achieve a particular effect.

lyric: A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. A lyric poem may resemble a song in form or style.

meter: The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of accented (or stressed) syllables.

metaphor: A figure of speech in which two things are compared, by saying one thing is another, e.g. The sea is an angry dog.

onomatopoeia: A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds, e.g. buzz, hiss, zing, clippety-clop, and tick-tock.

personification: A figure of speech in which things or abstract ideas are described like people, e.g. The autumn wind's a pirate.

quotation: Exact words taken from a poem, maybe when writing about it. refrain (or chorus): A line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza.

rhyme: When the same or similar sounds are at the end of two or more words.

rhyming couplet: In a poem, a pair of lines that rhyme, are the same length and form a complete thought.

rhythm: The beat of the poem, how the words are arranged in a pattern.

simile: A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word "like" or "as", e.g. as hot as mustard.

stanza: A verse of a poem.

sonnet: A lyric poem that is 14 lines long

stress: see 'accent'. The emphasis given to particular syllables. Stressed syllables usually stand out because they have long, rather than short, vowels,

theme: What the poem is about, or the message it is giving.

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