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Simple Factorising (1)

In this worksheet, students factorise simple algebraic expressions.

'Simple Factorising (1)' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Maths and Numerical Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Equations and Algebra

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Factorising is the reverse of multiplying out brackets.

We put an expression into brackets by taking out the highest common factor (HCF) of each term in the expression.

To work out what goes inside the brackets, we divide each term by this HCF.

 

Example

Factorise fully 10x - 15

 

Answer

The HCF of 10x and 15 is 5.

So we take 5 outside the brackets and divide each term by 5 to work out what goes inside the brackets.

The answer is 5(2x - 3)

 

Factorise fully:

15x + 10

25x

5(3x + 2)

5(3x + 10)

Factorise fully:

15x + 5

3x + 1

5(3x + 5)

5(3x + 1)

Factorise fully:

15x - 25

3x - 1

5(3x - 5)

5(3x + 5)

Factorise fully:

9x - 6

3(3x - 2)

3(3x - 6)

9(x - 6)

Factorise fully:

9x - 18

3(3x - 2)

3(3x - 6)

9(x - 2)

Factorise fully:

27x - 6

3(9x - 2)

3(9x - 6)

9(3x - 6)

Factorise fully:

8x - 6

4(2x - 6)

4(x - 6)

2(4x - 3)

Factorise fully:

18x - 6

6(3x - 0)

6(3x -   )

6(3x - 1)

Factorise fully:

28y + 21

7y(4 + 3)

21(7y + 0)

7(4y + 3)

Factorise fully:

28y + 20

7y(4 + 13)

4(7y + 5)

7(4y + 13)

  • Question 1

Factorise fully:

15x + 10

CORRECT ANSWER
5(3x + 2)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 5 Firstly, we take the 5 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 5 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 5(3x + 2)
  • Question 2

Factorise fully:

15x + 5

CORRECT ANSWER
5(3x + 1)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 5 Firstly, we take the 5 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 5 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 5(3x + 1)
  • Question 3

Factorise fully:

15x - 25

CORRECT ANSWER
5(3x - 5)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 5 Firstly, we take the 5 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 5 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 5(3x - 5) Don\'t worry that this one has a minus in the middle, we still do it the same way.
  • Question 4

Factorise fully:

9x - 6

CORRECT ANSWER
3(3x - 2)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 3 Firstly, we take the 3 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 3 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 3(3x - 2)
  • Question 5

Factorise fully:

9x - 18

CORRECT ANSWER
9(x - 2)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 9 Firstly, we take the 9 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 9 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 9(x - 2) The common mistake people make here is to say the answer is 3(3x-6) 3(3x-6) is not FULLY factorised as 3 is not the HIGHEST common factor
  • Question 6

Factorise fully:

27x - 6

CORRECT ANSWER
3(9x - 2)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 3 Firstly, we take the 3and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 3 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 3(9x - 2)
  • Question 7

Factorise fully:

8x - 6

CORRECT ANSWER
2(4x - 3)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 2 Firstly, we take the 2 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 2 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 2(4x - 3)
  • Question 8

Factorise fully:

18x - 6

CORRECT ANSWER
6(3x - 1)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 6 Firstly, we take the 6 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 6 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 6(3x - 1)
  • Question 9

Factorise fully:

28y + 21

CORRECT ANSWER
7(4y + 3)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 7 Firstly, we take the 7 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 7 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 7(4y + 3)
  • Question 10

Factorise fully:

28y + 20

CORRECT ANSWER
4(7y + 5)
EDDIE SAYS
The HCF (Highest Common Factor) here is 4 Firstly, we take the 4 and put it outside the bracket Secondly, we divide both terms by 4 to find out what goes inside the bracket This gives us 4(7y + 5)
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