The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Skeleton and Circulation 3

In this worksheet, students will be tested on their knowledge of the functions of the skeleton, heart and circulation using a wider range of scientific vocabulary.

'Skeleton and Circulation 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:  Human Circulatory System

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The vertebrate skeleton gives humans and other animals their shape by supporting the soft parts of the body.

 

Human skeleton

 

Because bone is hard, it protects important organs such as the heart, lungs and brain.

 

Movement is achieved by muscles attached to the skeleton.

 

The circulation system includes the heart, lungs and blood vessels - arteries and veins.  Heart rate changes during exercise to pump more blood to the lungs and muscles.

 

Human heart

 

Use this worksheet to check on your understanding of the functioning of body systems and the names and terms used to describe it.

Which mineral, found in dairy foods, is essential for strong bones?

Which other hard parts of the body need this mineral? 

Match up these bones with their function. 

Column A

Column B

skull
attached to the top of the spine
thigh bone (femur)
allow the skeleton to move
backbone / spine
has large 'walking/running' muscles attached
rib cage
protects the heart and lungs
joints
protects a thick cord of nerves

What is the name of the technology which allows us to 'see' the bones inside our bodies?

radiotherapy

X ray

electrolysis

Which TWO of the following statements are true about the lungs?

digestion

oxygen is collected by the blood

blood is pumped round the body

carbon dioxide is released from the blood

they support the ribs

Oxygen-rich blood from the lungs travels back to the heart to be pumped around the body.

 

What is the name of the large vessels which carry blood away from the heart?

cells

arteries

ventricle

 In the muscles, the oxygen is used to turn food into energy for movement. 

 

What are the vessels called which carry deoxygenated blood (blood that has had its oxygen removed) back to the heart?

arteries

ventricles

veins

Match up these science words with their meaning.

 

They are all words about the heart.

Column A

Column B

valves
the movement of blood around the body through the ...
circulation
these open and close to allow blood to flow in one...
ventricles
these have walls made of muscle which squeeze bloo...
pulse rate
a measure of how many times the heart beats in one...

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Blood carries oxygen and digested food to all parts of the body.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Some muscles work in pairs to produce movement. When one contracts, the other relaxes.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Smoking only damages the lungs.

true

false

  • Question 1

Which mineral, found in dairy foods, is essential for strong bones?

CORRECT ANSWER
calcium
EDDIE SAYS
Calcium is found in dairy foods and oily fish and is an important element in the building of strong bones.
  • Question 2

Which other hard parts of the body need this mineral? 

CORRECT ANSWER
tooth
teeth
EDDIE SAYS
Teeth are built with bony material and so also need calcium. It is supplied through our diet and is often part of toothpaste as well.
  • Question 3

Match up these bones with their function. 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

skull
attached to the top of the spine
thigh bone (femur)
has large 'walking/running' muscl...
backbone / spine
protects a thick cord of nerves
rib cage
protects the heart and lungs
joints
allow the skeleton to move
EDDIE SAYS
One or two of these might surprise you, and need a little "thinking outside the box". The spine provides vital support for the rest of the skeleton, but down the middle of it runs part of our central nervous system that delivers and collects information from all over the body. The femur is the largest bone in the body (the thigh bone) and many of the muscles we use for walking, etc. are attached to it. Joints are the points at which bones are 'joined' by tendons and ligaments and this allows the body to move into a large variety of positions.
  • Question 4

What is the name of the technology which allows us to 'see' the bones inside our bodies?

CORRECT ANSWER
X ray
EDDIE SAYS
The X ray was developed in the 19th century by Wilhelm Roentgen and it was only by chance that he discovered its ability to see the bones through soft tissue. Doctors, nurses, dentists and vets use X rays to look at bones. Maybe you've had an X ray?
  • Question 5

Which TWO of the following statements are true about the lungs?

CORRECT ANSWER
oxygen is collected by the blood
carbon dioxide is released from the blood
EDDIE SAYS
In the lungs there is an exchange of gases. Waste gas, carbon dioxide, is exchanged for oxygen.
  • Question 6

Oxygen-rich blood from the lungs travels back to the heart to be pumped around the body.

 

What is the name of the large vessels which carry blood away from the heart?

CORRECT ANSWER
arteries
EDDIE SAYS
Arteries carry blood away from the heart and most of them contain life-giving oxygen that our cells use to get the energy out of our food. As blood travels to all parts of the body, the arteries become thinner.
  • Question 7

 In the muscles, the oxygen is used to turn food into energy for movement. 

 

What are the vessels called which carry deoxygenated blood (blood that has had its oxygen removed) back to the heart?

CORRECT ANSWER
veins
EDDIE SAYS
Once the cells have taken the oxygen from the blood, it is collected into larger blood vessels. Blood returns to the heart through these veins before being pumped back to the lungs to pick up more oxygen.
  • Question 8

Match up these science words with their meaning.

 

They are all words about the heart.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

valves
these open and close to allow blo...
circulation
the movement of blood around the ...
ventricles
these have walls made of muscle w...
pulse rate
a measure of how many times the h...
EDDIE SAYS
When you have a choice like this, do the ones you are sure of first. Then that leaves a smaller choice of the harder ones. Take ventricles: if you don't know that one, nail 'pulse rate' and 'circulation' first. Then you can think about valves in your bike tyres, that don't let air back out once you've pumped it in (like a one-way door). Then you've only got ventricles left - the lower chambers of the heart.
  • Question 9

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Blood carries oxygen and digested food to all parts of the body.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
As well as the muscles, our brain and other body parts need oxygen and food to function properly.
  • Question 10

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Some muscles work in pairs to produce movement. When one contracts, the other relaxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
Muscles, like the ones in your upper arm, move bones by working in pairs around joints. Try flexing your arm muscles - the muscles you see are your biceps which contract to lift your lower arm.
  • Question 11

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Smoking only damages the lungs.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
Smoking not only damages the lungs, but also the heart and arteries right across the body. Some heavy smokers have had to have legs amputated because the arteries in them have been so badly damaged.
---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Start your £1 trial

Start your trial for £1