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Skeleton and Circulation 3

This worksheet tests the student's knowledge of the funtion of the skeleton, heart and circulation using a wider range of scientific vocabulary.

'Skeleton and Circulation 3' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Animals, including Humans

Curriculum subtopic:  Human Circulatory System

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

The vertebrate skeleton gives humans and other animals their shape by supporting the soft parts of the body. 

 

 

Because bone is hard, it protects important organs such as the heart, lungs and brain.

 

Movement is achieved by muscles attached to the skeleton. 

The circulation system includes the heart, lungs and blood vessels - arteries and veins.  Heart rate changes during exercise to pump more blood to the lungs and muscles.

Which mineral, found in dairy foods, is essential for strong bones?

Which other hard parts of the body need this mineral? 

Match up these bones with their function. 

Column A

Column B

skull
protects a thick cord of nerves
thigh bone (femur)
attached to the top of the spine
backbone / spine
has large 'walking/running' muscles attached
rib cage
protects the heart and lungs
joints
allow the skeleton to move

What is the name of the technology which allows us to 'see' the bones inside our bodies?

radiotherapy

X ray

electrolysis

Which TWO of the following statements are true about the lungs?

digestion

oxygen is collected by the blood

blood is pumped round the body

carbon dioxide is released from the blood

they support the ribs

Oxygen rich blood from the lungs travels back to the heart to be pumped around the body. What is the name of the large vessels which carry blood away from the heart?

cells

arteries

ventricle

 In the muscles, the oxygen is used to turn food into energy for movement.  What are the vessels called which carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart?

arteries

ventricles

veins

Match up these science words with their meaning. They are all words about the heart.

Column A

Column B

valves
these have walls made of muscle which squeeze bloo...
circulation
these open and close to allow blood to flow in one...
ventricles
a measure of how many times the heart beats in one...
pulse rate
the movement of blood around the body through the ...

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Blood carries oxygen and digested food to all parts of the body.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Some muscles work in pairs to produce movement. When one contracts, the other relaxes.

true

false

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Smoking only damages the lungs.

true

false

  • Question 1

Which mineral, found in dairy foods, is essential for strong bones?

CORRECT ANSWER
calcium
  • Question 2

Which other hard parts of the body need this mineral? 

CORRECT ANSWER
tooth
teeth
  • Question 3

Match up these bones with their function. 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

skull
attached to the top of the spine
thigh bone (femur)
has large 'walking/running' muscl...
backbone / spine
protects a thick cord of nerves
rib cage
protects the heart and lungs
joints
allow the skeleton to move
  • Question 4

What is the name of the technology which allows us to 'see' the bones inside our bodies?

CORRECT ANSWER
X ray
EDDIE SAYS
Doctors, nurses, dentists and vets use X rays to look at bones. Maybe you've had an X ray?!
  • Question 5

Which TWO of the following statements are true about the lungs?

CORRECT ANSWER
oxygen is collected by the blood
carbon dioxide is released from the blood
EDDIE SAYS
In the lungs there is an exchange of gases. Waste gas, carbon dioxide, is exchanged for oxygen.
  • Question 6

Oxygen rich blood from the lungs travels back to the heart to be pumped around the body. What is the name of the large vessels which carry blood away from the heart?

CORRECT ANSWER
arteries
EDDIE SAYS
As blood travels to all parts of the body, the arteries become thinner.
  • Question 7

 In the muscles, the oxygen is used to turn food into energy for movement.  What are the vessels called which carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart?

CORRECT ANSWER
veins
EDDIE SAYS
Blood returns to the heart through the veins before being pumped back to the lungs.
  • Question 8

Match up these science words with their meaning. They are all words about the heart.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

valves
these open and close to allow blo...
circulation
the movement of blood around the ...
ventricles
these have walls made of muscle w...
pulse rate
a measure of how many times the h...
  • Question 9

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Blood carries oxygen and digested food to all parts of the body.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
As well as the muscles, our brain and other body parts need oxygen and food to function properly.
  • Question 10

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Some muscles work in pairs to produce movement. When one contracts, the other relaxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
Muscles, like the ones in your upper arm, move bones by working in pairs around joints. Try flexing your arm muscles - the muscles you see are your biceps which contract to lift your lower arm.
  • Question 11

Is the following statement true or false?

 

Smoking only damages the lungs.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
Smoking not only damages the lungs, but also the heart and arteries.
---- OR ----

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