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Find the Missing Word Using the Pattern

In this worksheet, students will work out the missing word in a sequence of scrambled words by adding a new ending. It will develop their problem solving and sequencing skills.

'Find the Missing Word Using the Pattern' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Verbal Reasoning

Curriculum subtopic:   Word Scrambles

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Most of us have heard of scrambled eggs, but did you know words can be scrambled too?  

 

We need your best efforts to help us unscramble this lot.

Are you up for the challenge word detective?

 

Here are some pairs of words.

They each follow a special pattern and we need to find out what each pattern is!

 

You need to think about what the pattern is between the first two pairs, and then complete the third pair in the same way.

 

 

Let’s look at an example now.

What could be the special pattern between the word groups below?

 

eat, eating          look, looking       fish, ____

 

Did you notice that each word has had -ing added to the end of it?

 

This is our special pattern for this case!

 

This makes our missing word FISHING.

 

So our complete set of words is:

eat, eating          look, looking       fish, fishing

 

Young boy fishing

 

 

 

Let’s try another example now.

 

Look at the word pairs below.

Can you work out the special pattern to figure out which word goes in the gap?

 

kick, kicked          jump, jumped        bash, ____

 

Did you notice that the letters -ed are being added to the end of the first word each time?

 

This makes our missing word BASHED.

 

Cartoon image of a broken window

 

 

Pssstt!! Here’s a handy hint to help you reach superstar status:

Remember to check if any letters have been added or removed from the word.

 

In this activity, you will need to be a word detective and work out the missing word in a pair.

 

Let’s get started!

Well, word detective, are you ready to begin?

 

Here are some groups of words:

 

[pass, passed]

[look, looked]

[growl, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first and second pairs, find the missing word.

Here are some more groups of words:

 

[tomato, tomatoes]

[box, boxes]

[class, ____ ]

 

Bunch of five tomatoes on a stalk

   

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first and second pairs, find the missing word.

Here are some more groups of words:

 

[tired, tiredly]

[slow, slowly]

[careful, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words. 

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups, find the missing word.

Are you beginning to get the hang of this now?

 

Here are groups of words:

 

[colour, colourful]

[wonder, wonderful]

[spoon, ____ ]

 

Group of four measuring spoons

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs of words, find the missing word. 

Here are pairs of words:

 

[calm, calming]

[toast, toasting]

[press, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups of words, find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

[cord, cordless]

[help, helpless]

[egg, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups of words, find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

[amaze, amazement]

[move, movement]

[pave, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs, find the missing word.  

Here are groups of words:

 

[sad, sadness]

[dark, darkness]

[weak, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs, find the missing word.

Here are groups of words:

 

[with, without]

[look, lookout]

[check, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups, find the missing word.

Ready for your final case detective?

 

Here are yet more groups of words:

 

[after, afterwards]

[back, backwards]

[up, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs of words, find the missing word.

  • Question 1

Well, word detective, are you ready to begin?

 

Here are some groups of words:

 

[pass, passed]

[look, looked]

[growl, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first and second pairs, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Growled
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on with this first one? The second word in each pair has had the letters -ed added at the end. Ready to become a word scramble superstar? Then let's continue to the next challenge!
  • Question 2

Here are some more groups of words:

 

[tomato, tomatoes]

[box, boxes]

[class, ____ ]

 

Bunch of five tomatoes on a stalk

   

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first and second pairs, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Classes
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on here detective? The last word in each group has had the letters -es added at the end - in fact the plurals of these words have been created!
  • Question 3

Here are some more groups of words:

 

[tired, tiredly]

[slow, slowly]

[careful, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words. 

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Carefully
EDDIE SAYS
Good effort! The second word in each group has had the letters -ly added to the end of it, changing it to an adverb! You're doing really well do far, word scrambler; keep up the great work!
  • Question 4

Are you beginning to get the hang of this now?

 

Here are groups of words:

 

[colour, colourful]

[wonder, wonderful]

[spoon, ____ ]

 

Group of four measuring spoons

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs of words, find the missing word. 

CORRECT ANSWER
Spoonful
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each pair of words has had the letters -ful added to the end of it. Did you spot that, word detective? Remember that in all of these cases, the word we create must still be real and make sense, or we have not found the correct suspect.
  • Question 5

Here are pairs of words:

 

[calm, calming]

[toast, toasting]

[press, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups of words, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Pressing
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group has had the letters -ing added to the end of it. So we have changed the infinitive of a verb into a gerund here, which is just a fancy way of saying a verb in the present tense ending in -ing.
  • Question 6

Here are groups of words:

 

[cord, cordless]

[help, helpless]

[egg, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups of words, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Eggless
EDDIE SAYS
Did you scramble these eggs?! The second word in each group of words has had the letters -less added to the end of it. Adding these four letters to the end of a word can make the word mean the opposite. Someone who has no help is 'helpless', someone who has no eggs is 'eggless', just as something that is doing no harm is 'harmless' - you get the idea!
  • Question 7

Here are groups of words:

 

[amaze, amazement]

[move, movement]

[pave, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs, find the missing word.  

CORRECT ANSWER
Pavement
EDDIE SAYS
The second word in each group has had the letters -ment added to the end of it - this has converted these words from verbs to nouns! Has this paved the way to the next case for you, word detective?!
  • Question 8

Here are groups of words:

 

[sad, sadness]

[dark, darkness]

[weak, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Weakness
EDDIE SAYS
The letters -ness have been added to the second word in each group, which changes each of the words from being a describing word (an adjective) to being a noun. You're doing great so far - just two more mysteries remain to be solved!
  • Question 9

Here are groups of words:

 

[with, without]

[look, lookout]

[check, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups of words.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two groups, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Checkout
EDDIE SAYS
Checkout this explanation! The letters -out have been added to the end of the second word in each group. Only one more challenge to go!
  • Question 10

Ready for your final case detective?

 

Here are yet more groups of words:

 

[after, afterwards]

[back, backwards]

[up, ____ ]

 

The second word is missing in one of the groups.

 

Following the same pattern as the first two pairs of words, find the missing word.

CORRECT ANSWER
Upwards
EDDIE SAYS
The letters -wards have been added to the end of the second word in each group. This has converted the simple description of a location into more of a directional movement. Hooray, you've now completed this activity! You can now identify endings being added to pair of words, and apply this pattern to find a missing word. Shall we move forwards on to the next one?!
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