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Spelling: Find the Phonemes 1

In this worksheet, students segment words into separate phonemes so they can be written down. The worksheet requires the student to listen to audio clips.

'Spelling: Find the Phonemes 1' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 1

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Word Reading

Curriculum subtopic:   Phonological Awareness

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Words are made up of phonemes, or sounds.

 

frog

The word frog has four phonemes in it, and we can write them in a phoneme frame.

 

f r o g

 

Treasure chest

The word chest also has four phonemes in it. We sometimes need two letters to write one phoneme.

 

ch e s t

 

Splitting words up into phonemes like this helps with spellings.

Listen to this word.

 

lamp

 

l a ? p

 

What is the missing phoneme? Write it in the answer box.

Listen to this word.

 

 

nest

 

n e s ?

 

What is the missing phoneme? Write it in the answer box.

Listen to this word.

 

A bunch of flowers

 

b u ? ch

 

What is the missing phoneme? Write it in the answer box.

Listen to this word. It has five phonemes.

 

Crust of bread

 

c ? u s t

 

What is the missing phoneme this time?

Listen to this word. It has five phonemes.

 

Elephant

 

t r u ? k

 

What is the missing phoneme this time?

For the next five questions you need to listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

A woman scrubbing the floor

3

4

5

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

Small bird

3

4

5

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

prawn

3

4

5

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

bench

3

4

5

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

Jumping in a puddle

3

4

5

  • Question 1

Listen to this word.

 

lamp

 

l a ? p

 

What is the missing phoneme? Write it in the answer box.

CORRECT ANSWER
m
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? Clapping the sounds that you can hear helps to break each phoneme up. The missing phoneme is 'm'.
  • Question 2

Listen to this word.

 

 

nest

 

n e s ?

 

What is the missing phoneme? Write it in the answer box.

CORRECT ANSWER
t
EDDIE SAYS
Listen carefully and remember you can listen more than once. Some people get confused and think that 'st' is a digraph but they are two separate sounds. The trick is to remember that each time you have to change the shape if your mouth when saying a phoneme that is a new sound.
  • Question 3

Listen to this word.

 

A bunch of flowers

 

b u ? ch

 

What is the missing phoneme? Write it in the answer box.

CORRECT ANSWER
n
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it right? The missing phoneme is 'n'. Remember to use the picture as a clue. Say the word slowly to really segment the word properly. Give the next question a try.
  • Question 4

Listen to this word. It has five phonemes.

 

Crust of bread

 

c ? u s t

 

What is the missing phoneme this time?

CORRECT ANSWER
r
EDDIE SAYS
This can be tricky as there are 5 phonemes. Look at the phoneme table as you have been given all the phonemes. You just needed to identify the missing one. If you clap each sound in the word it helps to identify the correct phonemes. You have got this super star!
  • Question 5

Listen to this word. It has five phonemes.

 

Elephant

 

t r u ? k

 

What is the missing phoneme this time?

CORRECT ANSWER
n
EDDIE SAYS
Are you getting the hang of this now? 'Trunk' has 5 phonemes. Look at the phonemes you have been given. Which sound can you hear that is not written in the phoneme table? Keep it up the excellent effort!
  • Question 6

For the next five questions you need to listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

A woman scrubbing the floor

CORRECT ANSWER
5
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it correct? Use the pictures to help give you a clue to the word being said. This word has 5 phonemes s-c-r-u-b. You have to change the shape of you mouth to say each phoneme correctly. Remember to look at an alphabet if you can not remember which letter belongs to each sound.
  • Question 7

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

Small bird

CORRECT ANSWER
4
EDDIE SAYS
This word contains 4 phonemes, th-r-u-sh. This word contains two digraphs, 'th' and 'sh'. Remember digraphs are two letters that make one sound. So even though this word contains 6 letters, you need to only count the phonemes which are the smallest unit of sound. Saying the word aloud and clapping each sound you hear, helps to find out the correct phonemes.
  • Question 8

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

prawn

CORRECT ANSWER
5
EDDIE SAYS
How did you get on? This example has 5 phonemes, sh-r-i-m-p. Nearly there! Keep it up super star!
  • Question 9

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

bench

CORRECT ANSWER
4
EDDIE SAYS
Have you got the hang of this now? Did you count the digraph as one phoneme? The word 'bench' ends with the digraph 'ch'. The word only has 4 phonemes even though it has 5 letters.
  • Question 10

Listen to the sound clip and count how many phonemes you can hear in the word.

 

Jumping in a puddle

CORRECT ANSWER
5
EDDIE SAYS
Listen carefully to the word. Did you remember the digraph only counts as one sound? Remember to think about the shape of your mouth as you say each sound. Each time your mouth changes shape that is a new phoneme. The phonemes are s-p-l-a-sh.
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