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Understand the Features of Explanation Texts

In this worksheet, students consider the language conventions and grammatical features used in explanation texts.

'Understand the Features of Explanation Texts' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:   Identify Themes and Conventions

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Explanation texts (sometimes called explanatory texts) explain how or why something happens.

hovercraftwasp

Examples could include 'How a hovercraft works' or 'How bees make honey.'

 

They often have the following features.

 

1) The opening sentence introduces the topic to be explained.

 

2) This is followed by a series of steps to explain how or why things happen.

 

3) They usually contain sequencing connectives (e.g. first, next, finally) and cause and effect connectives (e.g. because,as a consequence of this).

 

4) They are usually written in the present tense.

 

5) They often contain passive sentences. (e.g. Honey is made by bees.)

 

6) Diagrams and pictures are often used.

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts describe how or why something happens.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts are always written in the passive voice.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts usually include cause and effect connectives.

true

false

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Diagrams can be useful in explanation texts.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts and non-chronological reports are the same thing.

true

false

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts are always written in the present tense.

true

false

Pictures and photographs in explanation texts usually have captions. What are these for?

To explain what is in the picture

To make the picture more interesting

To attract the reader's attention

Why is it important to divide the main part of an explanation text into paragraphs?

To help the reader know what the explanation is about

To break up the information into sections and make it easier to read

To make the explanation longer

Cause and effect connectives are useful in explanation texts.

 

Which of the following are cause and effect connectives? Tick three boxes.

Because

Finally

Therefore

Unless

As a result of this

While

Sequencing connectives are useful in explanation texts.

 

Which of the following are sequencing connectives? Tick three boxes.

Until

Although

And

Next

Because

Finally

  • Question 1

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts describe how or why something happens.

CORRECT ANSWER
True
EDDIE SAYS
This is true. Explanation texts inform the reader and include facts about a particular topic.
  • Question 2

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts are always written in the passive voice.

CORRECT ANSWER
False
EDDIE SAYS
Explanation texts often include sentences using the passive voice, but this is not essential. For example, the following sentence uses the active voice and is suitable for an explanation: 'Bees collect nectar from flowers.' Keep up the great effort!
  • Question 3

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts usually include cause and effect connectives.

CORRECT ANSWER
true
EDDIE SAYS
Fantastic effort! Cause and effect connectives such as: 'consequently', 'because of' or 'as a result' are very useful when explaining how or why something is a certain way.
  • Question 4

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Diagrams can be useful in explanation texts.

CORRECT ANSWER
True
EDDIE SAYS
It can be very helpful to give the reader a picture or diagram to support the text. Keep it up!
  • Question 5

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts and non-chronological reports are the same thing.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
These two types of text can seem quite similar, but a report describes an object (e.g. a hedgehog) while an explanation describes a process (e.g. how something is made).
  • Question 6

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Explanation texts are always written in the present tense.

CORRECT ANSWER
false
EDDIE SAYS
Super effort! They are usually written in the present tense, but if the process being described no longer exists then the past tense can be used. For example, if you were explaining how Roman underfloor heating systems worked you could use the past tense.
  • Question 7

Pictures and photographs in explanation texts usually have captions. What are these for?

CORRECT ANSWER
To explain what is in the picture
EDDIE SAYS
Pictures and photographs are very useful in explanation texts. They include captions that explain what the picture is of to give the reader a clear understanding. Nearly there super star!
  • Question 8

Why is it important to divide the main part of an explanation text into paragraphs?

CORRECT ANSWER
To break up the information into sections and make it easier to read
EDDIE SAYS
Breaking up the information makes it easier to read and understand. It is also helpful if the reader is looking for something specific. They can look for the paragraph that explains that particular topic.
  • Question 9

Cause and effect connectives are useful in explanation texts.

 

Which of the following are cause and effect connectives? Tick three boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
Because
Therefore
As a result of this
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get it correct? All of these conjunctions are helpful when explaining how or why something happens.
  • Question 10

Sequencing connectives are useful in explanation texts.

 

Which of the following are sequencing connectives? Tick three boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
Until
Next
Finally
EDDIE SAYS
You've got this! Time connectives help the writer to place events in the correct order and show the reader when things occurred.
---- OR ----

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