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Understand the Features of Instructional Texts

In this worksheet, students consider the language conventions and grammatical features of instructional texts.

'Understand the Features of Instructional Texts' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:  Reading: Comprehension

Curriculum subtopic:  Awareness of Structure and Purpose

Difficulty level:  

down

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

Instructional texts include recipes, directions and instructions for playing games or building models.

They often have the following features.

 

1) The title states the goal to be achieved (e.g. How to build a model of the Eiffel Tower).

 

2) This is followed by a list of the materials needed.

 

3) The steps that need to be taken are then given in the correct order.

 

4) Numbers or bullet points are often used.

 

5) Sentences often start with imperative verbs (e.g. Glue the pieces together).

 

6) Sequencing connectives are used (e.g. first, then, finally).

 

7) The text is often illustrated with photographs or diagrams.

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Instructional texts usually start by stating the aim of the instructions, e.g. 'How to make chocolate fudge'.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Numbered lists are never used in instructional texts.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.


It is better not to use any adjectives in instructional texts as they are not necessary.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Diagrams are often used in instructional texts.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false

 

Instructional texts use the passive verb form.

True

False

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

You should use language that is clear and easy to understand when writing instructional texts.

True

False

Which of the following is the most important reason why diagrams are included in many instructional texts?

They grab the reader's attention.

They help readers understand what to do.

They make the text more interesting.

Which of the following connectives are you most likely to find in an instructional text? Tick three boxes.

But

Next

Finally

However

First

Although

All the sentences below except one contain verbs in the imperative form. Tick the odd one out.

Beat the flour and sugar together with a metal spoon.

The biscuits should be kept in an air-tight tin.

Stir the mixture until the butter has melted.

Leave the biscuits to cool on the baking tray.

Which of the following features can also be useful in instructional texts?

Photographs

Maps

Graphs and charts

All of these features, depending on the type of instructions

  • Question 1

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Instructional texts usually start by stating the aim of the instructions, e.g. 'How to make chocolate fudge'.

CORRECT ANSWER
True
EDDIE SAYS
Great to see you giving this a go. Instruction texts generally explain what the instructions are for at the start. This helps the reader to know if they have the correct instructions and to know what they are aiming to achieve.
  • Question 2

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Numbered lists are never used in instructional texts.

CORRECT ANSWER
False
EDDIE SAYS
This is false. Numbers and bullet points are often used to show the order each step should be completed. Keep up the great effort!
  • Question 3

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.


It is better not to use any adjectives in instructional texts as they are not necessary.

CORRECT ANSWER
False
EDDIE SAYS
High five! Adjectives can be essential as part of an instruction. For example, the word 'cool' is an adjective in the following instruction: Leave the cake in the baking tin until it is cool.
  • Question 4

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

Diagrams are often used in instructional texts.

CORRECT ANSWER
True
EDDIE SAYS
You've got this! Diagrams are extremely useful to include in an instruction text. A diagram helps the reader to understand how something should look or be completed. Most furniture instructions will include diagrams to show how the furniture should look at each stage of it's build.
  • Question 5

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false

 

Instructional texts use the passive verb form.

CORRECT ANSWER
False
EDDIE SAYS
The imperative verb form is generally used. We write 'Put the biscuits into the oven', not 'The biscuits are put into the oven'. Keep it up super star!
  • Question 6

Read the following statement and decide whether it is true or false.

 

You should use language that is clear and easy to understand when writing instructional texts.

CORRECT ANSWER
True
EDDIE SAYS
You getting the hang of this now? The main aim of instructions is to help someone understand how to do something, so they should be as clear as possible.
  • Question 7

Which of the following is the most important reason why diagrams are included in many instructional texts?

CORRECT ANSWER
They help readers understand what to do.
EDDIE SAYS
Amazing effort! Diagrams do all three of these, but their main function is to help the reader understand what to do, as it is not always easy to picture something from a written description.
  • Question 8

Which of the following connectives are you most likely to find in an instructional text? Tick three boxes.

CORRECT ANSWER
Next
Finally
First
EDDIE SAYS
Time connectives are particularly useful in an instruction text. They help to create a time line and show the reader the order they should do things. Nearly there!
  • Question 9

All the sentences below except one contain verbs in the imperative form. Tick the odd one out.

CORRECT ANSWER
The biscuits should be kept in an air-tight tin.
EDDIE SAYS
Imperative verbs can also be called 'bossy verbs'. They are the word that tells you what to do. 'Beat', 'stir' and 'leave' are all imperative verbs. Option 2 does not tell the reader to do anything. It explains what should happen but does not instruct the reader to complete an action.
  • Question 10

Which of the following features can also be useful in instructional texts?

CORRECT ANSWER
All of these features, depending on the type of instructions
EDDIE SAYS
excellent effort! All of the above can be useful in an instruction text. It depends what type of instructions you are writing. For example, if you are giving directions to someone then a map is very useful.
---- OR ----

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