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Analyse Key Quotes in 'Romeo and Juliet'

In this worksheet, students will practise analysing key quotations from 'Romeo and Juliet', exploring Shakespeare's use of language, structure and dramatic devices.

'Analyse Key Quotes in 'Romeo and Juliet'' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   Eduqas, OCR, Pearson Edexcel, AQA

Curriculum topic:   Shakespeare

Curriculum subtopic:   Romeo and Juliet

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

In the exam, you will need to able to support your ideas with quotations from the exam extract and from the text as a whole.

 

 

 

You should try to build a bank of quotations for each character and theme and learn these so that you can use them readily in your exam response.

 

 

For a higher mark in the exam, you should try to analyse quotations closely.

 

camera held in hands

 

 

Try to zoom in on individual words.

 

Think about:

- What language/structure/dramatic device has Shakespeare used? E.g. dramatic irony, imagery, etc.

- What are the connotations of this word? What does it suggest about the character/theme?

- What effect does this have on the audience?

- How does it help to reflect something about the context in which Shakespeare was writing?

 

Have a go at the following questions which will help you to closely analyse quotations and think about what they suggest about particular characters, themes or ideas in 'Romeo and Juliet'.

 

You should always refer to your own text when working through these examples.  These quotations are for reference only.

 

Match each quotation to what it shows about Romeo.

Column A

Column B

"Is Rosaline, whom thou didst love so dear, So soo...
He is sorrowful at the beginning of the play
"Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, Havin...
He is changeable
"O, teach me how I should forget to think."
He is passionate

What language device is used in the quotation below spoken by Romeo?

 

"Is love a tender thing? it is too rough,

Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like thorn." 

Which two quotations below creates dramatic irony and foreshadows Romeo and Juliet's ultimate fate?

 

Romeo and Juliet laying dead on the floor

"O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!"

"Methinks I see thee, now thou art below, As one dead in the bottom of a tomb."

"I dreamt my lady came and found me dead"

Zoom in on the part of the quotation that uses light imagery by underlining the key word.

\"It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.\"

What is the effect of Benvolio's quotation below?

 

"For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring"

 

Click on the most accurate analysis.

Benvolio describes how the weather is becoming unbearable

Shakespeare highlights how men's tempers are affected by the hot weather

Shakespeare uses the metaphor of "hot days" to convey the rising tension Benvolio feels in the atmosphere. His personification in "mad blood" also portrays the way that tempers are out of control and men are acting irrationally

"O swear not by the moon, the inconstant moon

That monthly changes in her circled orb,

Lest that thy love prove likewise variable."

 

Write a paragraph analysing the effect of this quotation taken from Act 2, Scene 2.

 

Try to comment on the writer's craft and link back to the context in which Shakespeare was writing.

 

Which two words from the prologue tell us about a long standing feud?

 

Underline the two words in the quotation below.

\"In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny\"

Which quotation from the prologue tells us that Romeo and Juliet will kill themselves at the end of the play?

 

Romeo and Juliet laying dead

 

Remember to use quotation marks.

Complete the passage analysing the quotation below:

 

"O calm, dishonourable, vile submission!"

What is suggested in the following quotation?

 

"And fire-eyed fury be my conduct now!"

 

Click on the most accurate analysis of the writer's techniques and their effect.

Shakespeare suggest that Romeo will continue to be submissive towards Tybalt

Shakespeare suggests a turning point in Romeo's attitude towards Tybalt. Shakespeare's use of personification to describe Romeo's anger as "fire-eyed" suggests that he is enranged by Tybalt killing Mercutio and that he will seek Tybalt's bloodshed as revenge

Shakespeare suggests that Romeo is extremely angry after the death of Tybalt

  • Question 1

Match each quotation to what it shows about Romeo.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

"Is Rosaline, whom thou didst lov...
He is changeable
"Two of the fairest stars in all ...
He is passionate
"O, teach me how I should forget ...
He is sorrowful at the beginning ...
EDDIE SAYS
Did you manage to match them all? It's important in the exam to be able to pick out quotations from the extract and consider their effect - what do they show us about a character/theme? What are the connotations? Here we have considered what the quotations show us about Romeo's character. Romeo's sorrowful at the beginning of the play because he has an unrequited love for Rosaline. However, Friar Laurence highlights how quickly he moves on from her and how quickly he falls in love again with someone else; Juliet. Romeo's language is often romantic hyperbole portraying how passionate and emotional he is.
  • Question 2

What language device is used in the quotation below spoken by Romeo?

 

"Is love a tender thing? it is too rough,

Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like thorn." 

CORRECT ANSWER
Simile
EDDIE SAYS
Can you see how Shakespeare has used a simile? A simile compares something to something else using 'like' or 'as'. Romeo compares love to a thorn using the comparative 'like' making this a simile, conveying the idea that love is painful. For a higher mark in the exam, it's important to analyse the writer's craft and to use the correct technical terminology. When building your bank of quotations, try to identify any devices that are used and consider their effects.
  • Question 3

Which two quotations below creates dramatic irony and foreshadows Romeo and Juliet's ultimate fate?

 

Romeo and Juliet laying dead on the floor

CORRECT ANSWER
"Methinks I see thee, now thou art below, As one dead in the bottom of a tomb."
"I dreamt my lady came and found me dead"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you spot two that foreshadow Romeo and Juliet's ultimate fate? Shakespeare tells his audience at the beginning of the play that Romeo and Juliet will die. This creates dramatic irony in the play because we have extra knowledge of the characters and therefore, things they say and do have extra meaning. Whilst these dreams and visions may have no real significance to the characters, to the audience they have a lot of meaning. We know that these dreams and visions come very true! Shakespeare reminds us of the idea of fate through this use of dramatic irony and the foreshadowing of Romeo and Juliet's death.
  • Question 4

Zoom in on the part of the quotation that uses light imagery by underlining the key word.

CORRECT ANSWER
"It is the east, and Juliet is the sun."
EDDIE SAYS
The word to zoom in on here is "sun". This quotation is taken from Act 2, Scene 2 (the balcony scene). In this scene, Romeo uses a lot of light imagery to express how beautiful he finds Juliet. If we consider the connotations of "sun", we might think of something lighting up the world, providing warmth and helping things to grow. This helps us to understand how passionately in love Romeo is - by comparing her to the sun with a metaphor, he suggests that Juliet lights up his world and brings him back to life.
  • Question 5

What is the effect of Benvolio's quotation below?

 

"For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring"

 

Click on the most accurate analysis.

CORRECT ANSWER
Shakespeare uses the metaphor of "hot days" to convey the rising tension Benvolio feels in the atmosphere. His personification in "mad blood" also portrays the way that tempers are out of control and men are acting irrationally
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? Shakespeare uses a lot of metaphors. It's important to think about what the connotations of his word choices are - he's not always being literal in his meaning. Here Shakespeare uses "hot" to describe rising tempers and tension in the atmosphere. Benvolio is worried about this and wants to withdraw - after all, Prince Escalus has already warned the families that they would pay with their lives if they fight again.
  • Question 6

"O swear not by the moon, the inconstant moon

That monthly changes in her circled orb,

Lest that thy love prove likewise variable."

 

Write a paragraph analysing the effect of this quotation taken from Act 2, Scene 2.

 

Try to comment on the writer's craft and link back to the context in which Shakespeare was writing.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
A paragraph might look something like this: Shakespeare portrays Juliet as a more rational character in this quotation in the way in which she seeks a stable and secure relationship, rather than a lustful romance. Shakespeare use of the moon metaphor in "inconstant moon" is used by Juliet to highlight how she is looking for a relationship that is constant and reliable. However, the dramatic irony that Shakespeare creates here is that we have already seen how changable Romeo has been in his emotions towards Rosaline. He has already shown himself to be "variable", exactly what Juliet is wary of. The way in which Shakespeare presents Juliet as level headed rather than letting her heart get carried away, allows him to subvert the stereotypical gender assumptions in Elizabethan England. At this time, women were considered to be passionate and emotional, but Juliet proves herself to be quite the opposite of this. She is shown to think more rationally than Romeo here, challenging the traditional gender assumptions of the time.
  • Question 7

Which two words from the prologue tell us about a long standing feud?

 

Underline the two words in the quotation below.

CORRECT ANSWER
"In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny"
EDDIE SAYS
"ancient" refers to old and '"grudge" refers to conflict. In the prologue at the very beginning of the play, we learn about the 'ancient grudge', the long standing feud, between two families; the Capulets and the Montagues.
  • Question 8

Which quotation from the prologue tells us that Romeo and Juliet will kill themselves at the end of the play?

 

Romeo and Juliet laying dead

 

Remember to use quotation marks.

CORRECT ANSWER
"A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life"
"A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get this one? Shakespeare uses the prologue to tell his audience how the play will end. This sets up the idea of fate in the play and creates lots of dramatic irony throughout the play; the audience knows that the romance they see developing between Romeo and Juliet won't end well!
  • Question 9

Complete the passage analysing the quotation below:

 

"O calm, dishonourable, vile submission!"

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Did you manage to fill all of the spaces? Notice how we've identified Shakespeare's use of techniques such as rule of three, dramatic irony and use of adjectives. We have also considered how the quotation reflects something about the context in which Shakespeare was writing. For the higher marks in the exam, it's important to do both of these things - what techniques are used, what are their effects and how is something about context reflected?
  • Question 10

What is suggested in the following quotation?

 

"And fire-eyed fury be my conduct now!"

 

Click on the most accurate analysis of the writer's techniques and their effect.

CORRECT ANSWER
Shakespeare suggests a turning point in Romeo's attitude towards Tybalt. Shakespeare's use of personification to describe Romeo's anger as "fire-eyed" suggests that he is enranged by Tybalt killing Mercutio and that he will seek Tybalt's bloodshed as revenge
EDDIE SAYS
How did yo do? Whilst the third explanation is also accurate, it doesn't analyse Shakespeare's use of techniques. The second explanation comments on the use of personification and considers the effect of this technique. This is an important quotation because it marks a turning point in Romeo's loyalties. Previously he's held back from fighting with Tybalt in respect for Juliet, but his sense of loyalty to Mercutio won't allow him to hold back any longer.
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