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Analyse the Language in 'The Emigree' by Carol Rumens

In this worksheet, students will analyse the language devices used in the poem 'The Emigree' by Carol Rumens. They will also gain an understanding of the wider context of the poem.

'Analyse the Language in 'The Emigree' by Carol Rumens' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'The Emigree'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'The Emigree' by Carol Rumens, which can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your Anthology.

 

 

sutcase

 

'The Emigree' is a poem about a person who was forced to leave their home country and journey to foreign shores to be safe. The narrator looks back with affection at the land they once called home, but which is now possibly run by a tyrant or caught up in war.

 

This poem focuses on the mind and memory of the speaker who had to flee danger as a child. In their imagination, their former city is still lit with sunlight - a motif for optimism and happiness.

 

 In the following questions, you will be asked to analyse the language devices used in the poem.

 

aeroplane

 

 

In order to identify the language devices in 'The Emigree', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

Column A

Column B

When did the narrator leave her home country?
When she was a child
What is wrong with the country she left behind?
It is at war and ruled by tyrants
Why can't the narrator go back to her country?
She looks back on it with affection and feel bad t...
How does the narrator feel about her country?
It is at war and she has no passport

Now that you have read the poem 'The Emigree', choose one of these summaries which you think best explains the poem.

 

The poem is about the happiness that people feel when they get to move to a new country

The poem discusses the sadness of people who are forced to leave their home countries due to conflict

The poem describes the differences between the landscape and cultures of different countries

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices, so that we know what to look for in the poem.

 

 

timepiece and writing

 

 

Match the language device to the definition.

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Words which sound like the effect they describe
Simile
Comparing two or more objects with the words "like...
Onomatopoeia
Direct comparison of two things without using the ...
Metaphor
Two words placed together with different meanings ...
Personification
Words beginning with the same letter sounds
Oxymoron
Describing an inanimate object or animal with huma...

​ Read the following quotation from 'The Emigree' which describes the narrator's country,

 

"The bright filled paperweight"

 

glass globe paperweight

 

What language device is being used here?

 

Onomatopoeia

Simile

Metaphor

Alliteration

In the poem 'The Emigree', the narrator uses personification to describe her country.

 

Personification = Describing an inanimate object or animal with human qualities.

 

Read the following quotation and underline one word which personifies the country.

\"It may be sick with tyrants\"

Read the following quotation from the poem 'The Emigree':

 

"The graceful slopes glow even clearer as time rolls its tanks"

 

 

tanks

 

 

What language device is being used here?

 

Alliteration

Onomatopoeia

Metaphor

Personification

Read the following quotation from 'The Emigree', which describes how the narrator feels about her language,

 

"It lies down in from of me, docile as paper"

 

What language device is being used here?

 

Personification

Simile

Alliteration

Oxymoron

In the poem 'The Emigree', the poet uses personification to describe her city.

 

Personification = Giving an inanimate object or animal human characteristics.

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Emigree'. Choose one quotation that you think is an example of personification.

 

"I left it as a child"

"There’s no way back at all"

"The white streets of that city"

"My city hides behind me"

The narrator uses metaphor to describe how she cannot forget her country.

 

 

beautiful country

 

 

Read the following quotation from 'The Emigree' and underline one word which you think describes the point above.

\"I am branded by an impression of sunlight...\"

Re-read the quotation from the last question,

 

"I am branded by an impression of sunlight..."

 

sunlight

 

 

Can you explain the language device used in this quotation?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

  • Question 1

aeroplane

 

 

In order to identify the language devices in 'The Emigree', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

When did the narrator leave her h...
When she was a child
What is wrong with the country sh...
It is at war and ruled by tyrants
Why can't the narrator go back to...
It is at war and she has no passp...
How does the narrator feel about ...
She looks back on it with affecti...
EDDIE SAYS
This poem has a deep sense of conflict in terms of emotions and memory, the poet is torn between her childhood memory which is of a country she loved and her adult understanding of what her country is like now. She cannot believe that her county is now a terrible place full of war and destruction.
  • Question 2

Now that you have read the poem 'The Emigree', choose one of these summaries which you think best explains the poem.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The poem discusses the sadness of people who are forced to leave their home countries due to conflict
EDDIE SAYS
The poem 'The Emigree' discusses the issue of emigration and how a person might feel when they are forced to leave their home country. There is a lot of sadness in the poem when the narrator describes how she loves and misses the place where she grew up.
  • Question 3

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices, so that we know what to look for in the poem.

 

 

timepiece and writing

 

 

Match the language device to the definition.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Words beginning with the same let...
Simile
Comparing two or more objects wit...
Onomatopoeia
Words which sound like the effect...
Metaphor
Direct comparison of two things w...
Personification
Describing an inanimate object or...
Oxymoron
Two words placed together with di...
EDDIE SAYS
Well done if you got them all! Language devices are a great way for poets to create imagery and tone. They also get you more marks in the exam if you can identify them! Remember to always look out for language devices and try to use them when you are analysing a quotation.
  • Question 4

​ Read the following quotation from 'The Emigree' which describes the narrator's country,

 

"The bright filled paperweight"

 

glass globe paperweight

 

What language device is being used here?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Metaphor
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "the bright filled paperweight" is an example of a metaphor as it is directly comparing the country to a paperweight, without using the words 'like' or 'as'.
  • Question 5

In the poem 'The Emigree', the narrator uses personification to describe her country.

 

Personification = Describing an inanimate object or animal with human qualities.

 

Read the following quotation and underline one word which personifies the country.

CORRECT ANSWER
"It may be sick with tyrants"
EDDIE SAYS
In the quotation "It may be sick with Tyrants" it is the word "sick" which personifies the country as this is a feeling that we would usually associate with a human. It is describing how she feels that her country has been harmed by its new rulers.
  • Question 6

Read the following quotation from the poem 'The Emigree':

 

"The graceful slopes glow even clearer as time rolls its tanks"

 

 

tanks

 

 

What language device is being used here?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Personification
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "The graceful slopes glow even clearer as time rolls its tanks" is an example of personification, as it is giving "time" the human ability of being able to "roll" something - in this case tanks.
  • Question 7

Read the following quotation from 'The Emigree', which describes how the narrator feels about her language,

 

"It lies down in from of me, docile as paper"

 

What language device is being used here?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Simile
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "It lies down in front of me, docile as paper" is an example of a simile, as the narrator is likening her language to something that is docile (something that is ready to accept control) like paper.
  • Question 8

In the poem 'The Emigree', the poet uses personification to describe her city.

 

Personification = Giving an inanimate object or animal human characteristics.

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'The Emigree'. Choose one quotation that you think is an example of personification.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"My city hides behind me"
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "My city hides behind me" is an example of personification, as it is giving the city (which is not human) the characteristic of being able to "hide". Suggesting that it can think and is scared.
  • Question 9

The narrator uses metaphor to describe how she cannot forget her country.

 

 

beautiful country

 

 

Read the following quotation from 'The Emigree' and underline one word which you think describes the point above.

CORRECT ANSWER
"I am branded by an impression of sunlight..."
EDDIE SAYS
The poet uses the word "branded" (which is a process when a human or animal is marked with hot iron to determine ownership) to show that her memory of her country will never leave her. This is a metaphor, as she is not really "branded", this is just an emotive description of how she feels.
  • Question 10

Re-read the quotation from the last question,

 

"I am branded by an impression of sunlight..."

 

sunlight

 

 

Can you explain the language device used in this quotation?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: The narrator explains that she will always be connected to her country through her memories and employs a metaphor to explain she is "branded by an impression of sunlight". This quotation creates the impression that she has been figuratively "branded" like cattle with hot iron, as though her country owns her no matter where she lives in the world. However, she turns this into a positive idea by using the metaphor of "sunlight" which suggests that she is stuck with only positive memories of her home country.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that a student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation.

Try it ---- OR ----

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