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Identify and Explain the Key Quotes in the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland

In this worksheet, students will develop an understanding of the poem 'Kamikaze' by identifying and explaining the key quotes.

'Identify and Explain the Key Quotes in the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Kamikaze'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland, which can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your Anthology.

 

 

falling war planes

 

This poem tells the story of a kamikaze pilot who, unlike many of his comrades, turns back from his target and returns home.

 

The poem explores the moment that the pilot's decision is made and the consequences for him over the rest of his life. Not only is he shunned by his neighbors, but his wife refuses to speak to him or look him in the eye. His children, too, gradually learn that he is not to be spoken to and begin to isolate and reject him

 

 

In the following questions, you will be asked about the key quotations of the poem.

japanese maple tree

 

In order to identify the key quotations in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
He realises what he is about to destroy and lose
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fighter pilots who wer...
Why does the pilot decide to turn back?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilot
What happens to the pilot when he returns home?
His family and neighbours ignore him for the rest ...

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose the summary which you think best explains the poem.

 

The poem explores the impact of conflict on innocent people

The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them

The poem explores how family is the only thing that really matters

In the first stanza of the poem we are told that the pilot has: 

 

"Enough fuel for a one-way journey into history"

 

plane loading up

 

What do you think is the meaning of this quotation?

The plane will have to re-fuel when it gets to its destination

The plane can only do half of the journey

The fighter pilot will never be returning to his home or family

As the pilot sets off on his journey he sees:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

How does the pilot feel when he sees this image? 

 

The image reminds him of what he has been sent to do

The image makes him realise what he is about to destroy

The image creates a sense of anger in the pilot

The pilot is shocked by the beautiful image of nature below him and feels a sense of guilt.

 

The words below are all from the poem 'Kamikaze'. Which ones do you associate with nature and which ones do you not?

 Words associated with natureWords NOT associated with nature
Fishing
Sea
Cockpit
Fishes
Fuel
Sun
Flag
Brothers
Breakers
Crabs
Prawns

Read the following quotation from the poem 'Kamikaze':

 

"Bringing their father's boat safe"

 

fishing boat

 

What do you think is the meaning of this key quotation?

The pilot remembers going out on his father's boat

The pilot feels lucky that his father's fishing boat always came home safe

The pilot wishes he was back on his father's boat

The poet uses a description of fish to describe the danger that the Kamikaze pilot presents to the people below.

 

 

tuna

 

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that suggest the danger of the pilot.

 

 

 

\"The loose silver of whitebait and once a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous\"

The Pilot makes the decision to turn back without carrying out his mission.

 

Which quotation below do you think explains how he is treated on his return?

"Her father embarked at sunrise"

"And though he came back"

"Recounting it later to her children"

"They treated him as though he no longer existed"

The narrator was a child when her father returned from his mission.

 

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze' and underline two words which you think show how she felt about her father.

\"Only we children still chattered and laughed\"

The last line of 'Kamikaze' explains how the pilot must have wondered throughout his lonely life.

 

sunlight

 

What is the narrator suggesting here?

The narrator is suggesting that the pilot wished he had died on his mission

The narrator is suggesting that the pilot regretted his choice in the end

The narrator is suggesting that the pilot's life was miserable when he returned

  • Question 1

japanese maple tree

 

In order to identify the key quotations in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilo...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fight...
Why does the pilot decide to turn...
He realises what he is about to d...
What happens to the pilot when he...
His family and neighbours ignore ...
EDDIE SAYS
'Kamikaze', a narrative poem, explores a kamikaze pilot’s journey towards battle, his decision to return, and how he is shunned when he returns home. The story is told by his daughter to her children and there is a sense that, as the generations have passed, there is now sympathy towards the pilot.
  • Question 2

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose the summary which you think best explains the poem.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? The poem 'Kamikaze' explores the theme of conflict in two ways. Firstly, there is the actual conflict that the fighter pilot is part of and feels a connection to at the start of the poem. Secondly, there is the internal conflict that the pilot feels when he realises the destruction he is about to cause. He knows that, if he returns, he will never be forgiven, but he also cannot bring himself to crash the plane.
  • Question 3

In the first stanza of the poem we are told that the pilot has: 

 

"Enough fuel for a one-way journey into history"

 

plane loading up

 

What do you think is the meaning of this quotation?

CORRECT ANSWER
The fighter pilot will never be returning to his home or family
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "enough fuel for a one-way journey into history" creates the impression that this is a suicide mission that the pilot will not return from. When he reaches his destination, he is expected to crash his plane and cause ultimate destruction. The word "history" suggests that he has been told that he will be remembered with respect for what he has done.
  • Question 4

As the pilot sets off on his journey he sees:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

How does the pilot feel when he sees this image? 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The image makes him realise what he is about to destroy
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Little fishing boats strung out like bunting" creates a moment of realisation in the pilot as he views the innocent scene he is about to destroy. The pilot links the image to his own memories of his home and family, who also made money from fishing. He feels a sense of regret about what he is about to do.
  • Question 5

The pilot is shocked by the beautiful image of nature below him and feels a sense of guilt.

 

The words below are all from the poem 'Kamikaze'. Which ones do you associate with nature and which ones do you not?

CORRECT ANSWER
 Words associated with natureWords NOT associated with nature
Fishing
Sea
Cockpit
Fishes
Fuel
Sun
Flag
Brothers
Breakers
Crabs
Prawns
EDDIE SAYS
Throughout the poem, the poet uses words to describe nature as a contrast to the violence of conflict. It is nature that has the power to make the pilot turn his plane around, as he cannot bring himself to destroy something so beautiful, something that has more right to be there than he does.
  • Question 6

Read the following quotation from the poem 'Kamikaze':

 

"Bringing their father's boat safe"

 

fishing boat

 

What do you think is the meaning of this key quotation?

CORRECT ANSWER
The pilot feels lucky that his father's fishing boat always came home safe
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Bringing their father's boat safe" is a memory from the pilot and makes him feel lucky that his father always returned home safely. He is now thinking of the fathers on the boats below him, who might also have families waiting at home. Can he be the one to take their fathers away?
  • Question 7

The poet uses a description of fish to describe the danger that the Kamikaze pilot presents to the people below.

 

 

tuna

 

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that suggest the danger of the pilot.

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"The loose silver of whitebait and once
a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you manage to spot all three? The quotation "the dark prince, muscular, dangerous" is used to describe how the tuna is a more powerful fish in the sea, which poses a threat to smaller fish. This description can also be linked to the powerful Kamikaze pilot, who holds power over the people below him.
  • Question 8

The Pilot makes the decision to turn back without carrying out his mission.

 

Which quotation below do you think explains how he is treated on his return?

CORRECT ANSWER
"They treated him as though he no longer existed"
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "They treated him as though he no longer existed" creates sympathy in the reader, as it explains the price that the pilot paid for saving the lives of innocent people. His family believed that he had betrayed his country and they were ashamed of him. He lived the rest of his life alone, as they never forgave him.
  • Question 9

The narrator was a child when her father returned from his mission.

 

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze' and underline two words which you think show how she felt about her father.

CORRECT ANSWER
"Only we children still chattered and laughed"
EDDIE SAYS
The poet uses the words "chattered" and "laughed" to show the innocence of children, who are not affected by conflict or politics. They view their father as the same man who went on the mission and they love him just the same. They cannot understand why the adults would be ignoring him.
  • Question 10

The last line of 'Kamikaze' explains how the pilot must have wondered throughout his lonely life.

 

sunlight

 

What is the narrator suggesting here?

CORRECT ANSWER
The narrator is suggesting that the pilot's life was miserable when he returned
EDDIE SAYS
This was a tricky one! The quotation suggests that, when he returned home, the pilot's life was similar to death anyway, as it was so miserable. By returning home, he lost his family, friends and respect. The narrator suggests that, although he made the right decision, he must sometimes wonder if it would've been easier for him not to have returned. You've finished another activity - well done!
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