The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Analyse the Language Techniques Used in the Poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland

In this worksheet, students will analyse the language devices used in the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland. They will also gain an understanding of the wider context of the poem.

'Analyse the Language Techniques Used in the Poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Kamikaze'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland, which can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your Anthology.

 

 

falling war planes

 

This poem tells the story of a kamikaze pilot who, unlike many of his comrades, turns back from his target and returns home.

 

The poem explores the moment that the pilot's decision is made and the consequences for him over the rest of his life. Not only is he shunned by his neighbors, but his wife refuses to speak to him or look him in the eye. His children, too, gradually learn that he is not to be spoken to and begin to isolate and reject him

 

In the following questions, you will be asked to analyse the language devices used in the poem.

japanese maple tree

 

In order to identify the key quotations in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
It is the name for Japanese fighter pilots who wer...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilot
Why does the pilot decide to turn back?
He realises what he is about to destroy and lose
What happens to the pilot when he returns home?
His family and neighbours ignore him for the rest ...

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose one of these summaries which you think best explains the poem.

 

The poem explores the impact of conflict on innocent people

The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them

The poem explores how family is the only thing that really matters

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices, so that we know what to look for in the poem.

 

Match the language device to the definition.

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Comparing two or more objects with the words 'like...
Simile
Two words placed together with different meanings ...
Onomatopoeia
Words which sound like the effect they describe
Metaphor
Words beginning with the same letter sounds
Personification
Direct comparison of two things without using the ...
Oxymoron
Describing an inanimate object or animal with huma...

Read the following quotation which describes the pilot's view:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

What language device is being used here?

 

Alliteration

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

 The poet uses a lexical field to create an impression of the beauty of nature.

 

Lexical field = way of organizing related words which shows their relationship to one another

 

The words below are all from the poem 'Kamikaze'. Which ones do you associate with nature and which ones do you not?

 Words associated with natureWords NOT associated with nature
Fishing
Sea
Cockpit
Fishes
Fuel
Sun
Flag
Brothers
Breakers
Crabs
Prawns

Read the following quotation where the poet uses repetition.

 

"Bringing their father's boat safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe"

 

fishing boat

 

What do you think is the meaning of this key quotation?

 

The pilot remembers going out on his father's boat

The pilot feels lucky that his father's fishing boat always came home safe

The pilot wishes he was back on his father's boat

The poet uses a metaphor of a powerful tuna compared to small fish, as a way of describing the contrast of the pilot to the people below.

 

 

tuna

 

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that create the metaphor for the power of the pilot.

\"The loose silver of whitebait and once a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous\"

A simile is used to describe what the pilot's life was like when he returned home.

 

lonely bench

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'Kamikaze'. Choose one quotation that you think is an example of a simile.

 

"Her father embarked at sunrise"

"And though he came back"

"Recounting it later to her children"

"They treated him as though he no longer existed"

The poet uses verbs to describe how the pilot's children reacted to him when he returned home.

 

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze' and underline two verbs which you think explain the children's reactions.

\"Only we children still chattered and laughed\"

The last  line of 'Kamikaze' explains how the pilot must have wondered:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

sunlight

 

Can you explain the language device used in this quotation?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

  • Question 1

japanese maple tree

 

In order to identify the key quotations in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilo...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fight...
Why does the pilot decide to turn...
He realises what he is about to d...
What happens to the pilot when he...
His family and neighbours ignore ...
EDDIE SAYS
'Kamikaze', a narrative poem, explores a Kamikaze pilot’s journey towards battle, his decision to return, and how he is shunned when he returns home. The story is told by his daughter to her children and there is a sense that, as the generations have passed, there is now sympathy towards the pilot.
  • Question 2

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose one of these summaries which you think best explains the poem.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them
EDDIE SAYS
This was a tricky one! The poem 'Kamikaze' explores the theme of conflict in two ways. Firstly, there is the actual conflict that the fighter pilot is part of and feels a connection to at the start of the poem. Secondly, there is the internal conflict that the pilot feels when he realises the destruction he is about to cause. He knows that if he returns that he will never be forgiven, but he also cannot bring himself to crash the plane.
  • Question 3

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices, so that we know what to look for in the poem.

 

Match the language device to the definition.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Words beginning with the same let...
Simile
Comparing two or more objects wit...
Onomatopoeia
Words which sound like the effect...
Metaphor
Direct comparison of two things w...
Personification
Describing an inanimate object or...
Oxymoron
Two words placed together with di...
EDDIE SAYS
Language devices are a great way for poets to create imagery and tone. They also get you more marks in the exam, if you can identify them! Remember to always look out for language devices and try to use them when you are analysing a quotation.
  • Question 4

Read the following quotation which describes the pilot's view:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

What language device is being used here?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
Simile
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Little fishing boats strung out like bunting" is an example of a simile as it compares the boats to bunting. Bunting is a festive decoration made of fabric and creates a positive scene, to contrast the horrific event that is about to happen. It creates a moment of realisation in the pilot as he views the innocent scene he is about to destroy.
  • Question 5

 The poet uses a lexical field to create an impression of the beauty of nature.

 

Lexical field = way of organizing related words which shows their relationship to one another

 

The words below are all from the poem 'Kamikaze'. Which ones do you associate with nature and which ones do you not?

CORRECT ANSWER
 Words associated with natureWords NOT associated with nature
Fishing
Sea
Cockpit
Fishes
Fuel
Sun
Flag
Brothers
Breakers
Crabs
Prawns
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? Throughout the poem, the narrator uses the lexical field of nature as a contrast to the violence of conflict. It is nature that has the power to make the pilot turn his plane around, as he cannot bring himself to destroy something so beautiful, something that has more right to be there than he does.
  • Question 6

Read the following quotation where the poet uses repetition.

 

"Bringing their father's boat safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe"

 

fishing boat

 

What do you think is the meaning of this key quotation?

 

CORRECT ANSWER
The pilot feels lucky that his father's fishing boat always came home safe
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe" is an example of repetition, as the narrator repeats the word "safe" to emphasise how lucky the pilot was to have his father return, and how unlucky a family will be if he decides to carry out his mission. He is now thinking of the fathers on the boats below him, who might also have families waiting at home. Can he be the one to take their fathers away?
  • Question 7

The poet uses a metaphor of a powerful tuna compared to small fish, as a way of describing the contrast of the pilot to the people below.

 

 

tuna

 

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that create the metaphor for the power of the pilot.

CORRECT ANSWER
"The loose silver of whitebait and once
a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you spot all three? The quotation "the dark prince, muscular, dangerous" is an example of a metaphor, as the description of the powerful tuna is used to describe the pilot. The tuna is a more powerful fish in the sea, which poses a threat to smaller fish. This description can also be linked to the powerful Kamikaze pilot, who holds power over the people below him.
  • Question 8

A simile is used to describe what the pilot's life was like when he returned home.

 

lonely bench

 

The following quotations are all from the poem 'Kamikaze'. Choose one quotation that you think is an example of a simile.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"They treated him as though he no longer existed"
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "They treated him as though he no longer existed" is an example of a simile, as it compares his life to non-existence. It creates sympathy in the reader, as it explains the price that the pilot paid for saving the lives of innocent people. His family believed that he had betrayed his country and they were ashamed of him. He lived the rest of his life alone as they never forgave him.
  • Question 9

The poet uses verbs to describe how the pilot's children reacted to him when he returned home.

 

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze' and underline two verbs which you think explain the children's reactions.

CORRECT ANSWER
"Only we children still chattered and laughed"
EDDIE SAYS
The poet uses the verbs "chattered" and "laughed" to show the innocence of children who are not affected by conflict or politics. They view their father as the same man who went on the mission and they love him just the same. They cannot understand why the adults would be ignoring him.
  • Question 10

The last  line of 'Kamikaze' explains how the pilot must have wondered:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

sunlight

 

Can you explain the language device used in this quotation?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: The poet suggests that the pilot's life was so bad when he returned that he must have wondered "which had been the better way to die". The poet uses a metaphor to describe the pilot's life as death, even though he returned from the war. This creates sympathy for the pilot, as he suffered anyway, even though he did something brave and good. By returning home, he lost his family, friends and respect. The narrator suggests that, although he made the right decision, he must sometimes wonder if it would've been easier for him not to have returned.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that a student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation

Try it ---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Start your £1 trial today.
Subscribe from £10/month.