The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Try an activity or get started for free

Evaluate the Language Techniques Used in the Poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland

In this worksheet, students will evaluate the language devices used in the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland. They will also gain an understanding of the wider context of the poem.

'Evaluate the Language Techniques Used in the Poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Kamikaze'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland, which can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your Anthology.

 

falling war planes

 

This poem tells the story of a kamikaze pilot who, unlike many of his comrades, turns back from his target and returns home.

 

The poem explores the moment that the pilot's decision is made and the consequences for him over the rest of his life. Not only is he shunned by his neighbors, but his wife refuses to speak to him or look him in the eye. His children, too, gradually learn that he is not to be spoken to and begin to isolate and reject him

 

 In the following questions, you will be asked to evaluate the language devices used in the poem.

 

You should always refer to your own text when working through these examples. These quotations are for reference only.

japanese maple tree

 

In order to identify and evaluate the language devices used in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilot
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
His family and neighbours ignore him for the rest ...
Why does the pilot decide to turn back?
He realises what he is about to destroy and lose
What happens to the pilot when he returns home?
It is the name for Japanese fighter pilots who wer...

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose the summary which you think best explains the poem.

The poem explores the impact of conflict on innocent people

The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them

The poem explores how family is the only thing that really matters

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices so that we know what to look for in the poem.

 

Writing and time piece

 

Match the language device to the definition.

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Comparing two or more objects with the words \'lik...
Simile
Words which sound like the effect they describe
Onomatopoeia
Two words placed together with different meanings ...
Metaphor
Words beginning with the same letter sounds
Personification
Describing an inanimate object or animal with huma...
Oxymoron
Direct comparison of two things without using the ...

Read the following simile, which describes the pilot's view:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

What is the effect of this language device?

It creates the idea that there are many fishing boats below

It creates the idea that there are too many boats for the pilot to cause damage

It creates a beautiful and happy image of what might be destroyed

The poet uses alliteration to describe another image of nature:

 

"The dark shoals of fishes flashing silver"

 

What is the effect of this language device?

It creates a bright image which blinds the pilot

It creates the impression that the pilot cannot see what he is doing

It creates an impression of a positive, flashing light

Read the following quotation where the poet uses repetition.

 

"Bringing their fathers boat safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe"

 

fishing boat

 

What is the effect of this language device?

The pilot remembers going out on his father's boat

The pilot feels lucky that his father's fishing boat always came home safe

The pilot wishes he was back on his father's boat

The poet uses a metaphor of a powerful tuna compared to small fish, as a way of describing the contrast of the pilot to the people below.

 

 

tuna

 

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that you think create the effect of this metaphor.

"The loose silver of whitebait and once a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous"

Re-read the quotation from the last question:

 

"A tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous"

 

tuna

Can you explain the effect of the language device used in this quotation?

 

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

​ Read the following metaphor from 'Kamikaze', which describes the pilot's life after he returns home:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

What is the effect of this language device?

The pilot wished that he had died in the plane

The pilot was always thankful that he survived

Even though the pilot returned from war, his life was as bad as dying

Re-read the last line of Kamikaze:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

sunlight

 

 

Can you explain the effect of the language device used in this quotation?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

  • Question 1

japanese maple tree

 

In order to identify and evaluate the language devices used in 'Kamikaze', we need to understand the meaning of the poem. Read the poem and match the questions to the answers below:

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilo...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fight...
Why does the pilot decide to turn...
He realises what he is about to d...
What happens to the pilot when he...
His family and neighbours ignore ...
EDDIE SAYS
'Kamikaze', a narrative poem, explores a Kamikaze pilot’s journey towards battle, his decision to return, and how he is shunned when he returns home. The story is told by his daughter to her children and there is a sense that, as the generations have passed, there is now sympathy towards the pilot.
  • Question 2

Now that you have read the poem 'Kamikaze', choose the summary which you think best explains the poem.

CORRECT ANSWER
The poem explores how a person can change their mind, even though the consequences may be bad for them
EDDIE SAYS
The poem 'Kamikaze' explores the theme of conflict in two ways. Firstly, there is the actual conflict that the fighter pilot is part of and feels a connection to at the start of the poem. Secondly, there is the internal conflict that the pilot feels when he realises the destruction he is about to cause. He knows that if he returns that he will never be forgiven, but he also cannot bring himself to crash the plane.
  • Question 3

Let's recap your knowledge of language devices so that we know what to look for in the poem.

 

Writing and time piece

 

Match the language device to the definition.

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Words beginning with the same let...
Simile
Comparing two or more objects wit...
Onomatopoeia
Words which sound like the effect...
Metaphor
Direct comparison of two things w...
Personification
Describing an inanimate object or...
Oxymoron
Two words placed together with di...
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? Language devices are a great way for poets to create imagery and tone. They also get you more marks in the exam, if you can identify them! Remember to always look out for language devices and try to use them when you are analysing a quotation.
  • Question 4

Read the following simile, which describes the pilot's view:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

boats

 

What is the effect of this language device?

CORRECT ANSWER
It creates a beautiful and happy image of what might be destroyed
EDDIE SAYS
The simile "Little fishing boats strung out like bunting" compares the boats to something positive and joyous. Bunting is a festive decoration made of fabric and creates a positive scene to contrast the horrific event that is about to happen. It creates a moment of realisation in the pilot, as he views the innocent scene he is about to destroy.
  • Question 5

The poet uses alliteration to describe another image of nature:

 

"The dark shoals of fishes flashing silver"

 

What is the effect of this language device?

CORRECT ANSWER
It creates an impression of a positive, flashing light
EDDIE SAYS
The alliteration of "flashing fishes" creates the impression that the world below is full of light, which could reflect the beauty and innocence that the pilot cannot bring himself to destroy. The repetition of the 'f' sound also mimics the idea of a quick flash, as though it has suddenly hit the pilot that there is such beauty in nature.
  • Question 6

Read the following quotation where the poet uses repetition.

 

"Bringing their fathers boat safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe"

 

fishing boat

 

What is the effect of this language device?

CORRECT ANSWER
The pilot feels lucky that his father's fishing boat always came home safe
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "safe - yes grandfather's boat - safe" is an example of repetition, as the narrator repeats the word "safe" to emphasise how lucky the pilot was to have his father return and how unlucky a family will be if he decides to carry out his mission. He is now thinking of the fathers on the boats below him, who might also have families waiting at home. Can he be the one to take their fathers away?
  • Question 7

The poet uses a metaphor of a powerful tuna compared to small fish, as a way of describing the contrast of the pilot to the people below.

 

 

tuna

 

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that you think create the effect of this metaphor.

CORRECT ANSWER
"The loose silver of whitebait and once
a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you get all three? The quotation "the dark prince, muscular, dangerous" is an example of a metaphor, as the description of the powerful tuna is used to describe the pilot. The tuna is a more powerful fish in the sea, which poses a threat to smaller fish. This description can also be linked to the powerful Kamikaze pilot, who holds power over the people below him.
  • Question 8

Re-read the quotation from the last question:

 

"A tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous"

 

tuna

Can you explain the effect of the language device used in this quotation?

 

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: The poet describes the pilot and plane in very powerful terms and creates the idea that they are a predator. The tuna is described as "the dark prince, muscular, dangerous" in comparison with the vulnerable smaller fish. This metaphor is used to describe how the pilot is also seen as a dangerous predator compared to the weaker civilians below him, who are unable to protect themselves. This creates sympathy for the people below and the willingness for the pilot to make the right decision.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that a student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation.

  • Question 9

​ Read the following metaphor from 'Kamikaze', which describes the pilot's life after he returns home:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

What is the effect of this language device?

CORRECT ANSWER
Even though the pilot returned from war, his life was as bad as dying
EDDIE SAYS
The metaphor "which had been the better way to die" compares how bad the pilot's life was after he returned. Although he didn't literally die on his mission, the narrator is saying that his life was comparable to death anyway. He lost his family, friends and respect and lived the remainder of his life in loneliness.
  • Question 10

Re-read the last line of Kamikaze:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

sunlight

 

 

Can you explain the effect of the language device used in this quotation?

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: The poet suggests that the pilot's life was so bad when he returned that he must have wondered "which had been the better way to die". The poet uses a metaphor to describe the pilot's life as death, even though he returned from the war. This creates sympathy for the pilot, as he suffered anyway, even though he did something brave and good. By returning home, he lost his family, friends and respect. The narrator suggests that although he made the right decision, he must sometimes wonder if it would've been easier for him not to have returned.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that a student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation.

Try it for free ---- OR ----

Get started for free so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Try an activity or get started for free