The smart way to improve grades

Comprehensive & curriculum aligned

Affordable pricing from £10/month

Compare the Language Techniques in Both 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies' and Analyse the Effect

In this worksheet, students will identify the language techniques used in both 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies' and explain their effect on the reader.

'Compare the Language Techniques in Both 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies' and Analyse the Effect' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Kamikaze'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland and 'Poppies' by Jane Weir. Both poems can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your anthology.

 

planepoppies

 

Both poems highlight the effects that conflict can have on families and men who go to war. The poems use strong imagery to describe how families are destroyed by the end of the poem and will never be the same again. The sadness created in both poems shows the difficulty of internal conflict too. The pilot in 'Kamikaze', who struggles between his love for his country and his need to turn around, and the mother in 'Poppies', who longs to tell her son not to go to war, but also knows that she must allow him this freedom.

 

In the following questions, you will look at the language techniques used in both poems.

 

falling plane

 

In order to identify the language techniques in 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies', we need to understand their meaning. Read the poem 'Kamikaze' and match the questions to the correct answers below:

 

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
It is the name for Japanese fighter pilots who wer...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
He realises what he is about to destroy and lose
Why does the pilot decide to turn back?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilot
What happens to the pilot when he returns home?
His family and neighbours ignore him for the rest ...

War graves cemetery

 

 

Now read the poem 'Poppies' and match the questions to their answers below:

 

Column A

Column B

Who is the speaker in this poem?
A poppy
What does the mother recall playing with her son?
Being Eskimos
What does she compare his gelled hair with?
The mother
What does she remember pinning to his lapel?
Blackthorns
What does the speaker release from its cage?
A songbird

Let's recap your knowledge of language techniques, so we know what to look for in the poems.

 

Can you match the language technique to the definition?

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Describing an inanimate object or animal with huma...
Simile
Words which sound like the effect they describe
Onomatopoeia
Direct comparison of two things without using word...
Metaphor
Comparing two or more objects with words 'like' or...
Personification
Words beginning with the same letter sounds

Read the following quotation which describes the pilot's view:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

fishing boats

 

What language device is being used here?

Alliteration

Simile

Metaphor

Personification

The poem 'Poppies' also uses a simile to describe how the boy feels about his future.

 

The following quotations are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think is an example of a simile?

 

 

 

"On reaching the top of the hill"

"Yellow bias binding around your blazer"

"The world overflowing like a treasure chest"

Both poems use verbs to describe a negative reaction to conflict.

 

In 'Kamikaze', the poet uses verbs to describe how the pilot's children reacted to him when he returned home.

 

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze' and underline two verbs which you think explain the children's reactions.

\"Only we children still chattered and laughed\"

In the poem 'Poppies', verbs are also used to explain how the mother and son feel differently about him going to war.

 

war memorial

 

Can you underline the verbs which tell us that the mother does not say how she really feels?

\"All my words flattened, rolled, turned into felt, slowly melting\"

Both poems use metaphor to describe a negative aspect of conflict.

 

In 'Kamikaze' the poet uses the metaphor of a powerful tuna compared to small fish, as a way of describing the contrast of the pilot to the people below.

 

tuna swimming

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that create the metaphor for the power of the pilot.

\"The loose silver of whitebait and once a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous\"

The poem 'Poppies' also uses a metaphor to describe how the young boy is linking himself to the conflict of war.

 

aeroplanes fighting

 

The following quotations are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think is an example of a metaphor?

"Three days before Armistice Sunday"

"The gelled blackthorns of your hair"

"On reaching the top of the hill"

The last  line of 'Kamikaze' explains how the pilot must have wondered:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

sunlight

 

 

Can you explain the language device used in this quotation?

 

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

  • Question 1

falling plane

 

In order to identify the language techniques in 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies', we need to understand their meaning. Read the poem 'Kamikaze' and match the questions to the correct answers below:

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilo...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fight...
Why does the pilot decide to turn...
He realises what he is about to d...
What happens to the pilot when he...
His family and neighbours ignore ...
EDDIE SAYS
'Kamikaze', a narrative poem, explores a Kamikaze pilot’s journey towards battle, his decision to return, and how he is shunned when he returns home. The story is told by his daughter to her children and there is a sense that, as the generations have passed, there is now sympathy towards the pilot.
  • Question 2

War graves cemetery

 

 

Now read the poem 'Poppies' and match the questions to their answers below:

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the speaker in this poem?
The mother
What does the mother recall playi...
Being Eskimos
What does she compare his gelled ...
Blackthorns
What does she remember pinning to...
A poppy
What does the speaker release fro...
A songbird
EDDIE SAYS
The poem is about the nature of grief. The mother is speaking directly to her son, but a son who shifts in time. There is: The son leaving home for school on his own for the first time. The son who has just been killed. Beneath the surface the son dying violently in a field hospital in Afghanistan.
  • Question 3

Let's recap your knowledge of language techniques, so we know what to look for in the poems.

 

Can you match the language technique to the definition?

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Alliteration
Words beginning with the same let...
Simile
Comparing two or more objects wit...
Onomatopoeia
Words which sound like the effect...
Metaphor
Direct comparison of two things w...
Personification
Describing an inanimate object or...
EDDIE SAYS
Well done if you managed to match them all. The techniques above are just a few of the ones frequently used in poetry. They are really useful to use when writing an explanation of a quotation, as they help to describe how an effect has been created. They also bump up your marks when used correctly!
  • Question 4

Read the following quotation which describes the pilot's view:

 

"Little fishing boats strung out like bunting"

 

fishing boats

 

What language device is being used here?

CORRECT ANSWER
Simile
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Little fishing boats strung out like bunting" is an example of a simile as it compares the boats to bunting. Bunting is a festive decoration made of fabric and creates a positive scene to contrast the horrific event that is about to happen. It creates a moment of realisation in the pilot, as he views the innocent scene he is about to destroy.
  • Question 5

The poem 'Poppies' also uses a simile to describe how the boy feels about his future.

 

The following quotations are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think is an example of a simile?

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"The world overflowing like a treasure chest"
EDDIE SAYS
The poet uses a simile to describe how the world is "overflowing like a treasure chest". A simile is a figure of speech used to compare two things in an interesting way - it usually uses the words 'like' or 'as'. In this case, the writer is describing how exciting and full the outside world is to someone young like her son. Although she doesn't want him to go, she realises that she must let him experience the world.
  • Question 6

Both poems use verbs to describe a negative reaction to conflict.

 

In 'Kamikaze', the poet uses verbs to describe how the pilot's children reacted to him when he returned home.

 

Read the following quotation from 'Kamikaze' and underline two verbs which you think explain the children's reactions.

CORRECT ANSWER
"Only we children still chattered and laughed"
EDDIE SAYS
The poet uses the verbs "chattered" and "laughed" to show the innocence of children, who are not affected by conflict or politics. They view their father as the same man who went on the mission and they love him just the same. They cannot understand why the adults would be ignoring him.
  • Question 7

In the poem 'Poppies', verbs are also used to explain how the mother and son feel differently about him going to war.

 

war memorial

 

Can you underline the verbs which tell us that the mother does not say how she really feels?

CORRECT ANSWER
"All my words flattened, rolled, turned into felt, slowly melting"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you manage to spot all three? In this line, we learn that the mother is tongue-tied and unable to express how she truly feels. She is proud of her son but also doesn't want him to go. The verb "melting" creates the impression that she has something to say, but is unable to form the words. There is also a list of three here, which emphasises just how frustrated she feels.
  • Question 8

Both poems use metaphor to describe a negative aspect of conflict.

 

In 'Kamikaze' the poet uses the metaphor of a powerful tuna compared to small fish, as a way of describing the contrast of the pilot to the people below.

 

tuna swimming

 

Read the following quotation and underline three words that create the metaphor for the power of the pilot.

CORRECT ANSWER
"The loose silver of whitebait and once
a tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous"
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "the dark prince, muscular, dangerous" is an example of a metaphor, as the description of the powerful tuna is used to describe the pilot. The tuna is a more powerful fish in the sea, which poses a threat to smaller fish. This description can also be linked to the powerful Kamikaze pilot, who holds power over the people below him.
  • Question 9

The poem 'Poppies' also uses a metaphor to describe how the young boy is linking himself to the conflict of war.

 

aeroplanes fighting

 

The following quotations are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think is an example of a metaphor?

CORRECT ANSWER
"The gelled blackthorns of your hair"
EDDIE SAYS
The poet uses the metaphor "blackthorns" to describe the boy's hair. This is a reference to his shortened, gelled hair, which he has created for his time in the military. The mother is shocked at how aggressive it makes her son appear - his hair is spiky and sharp, like thorns!
  • Question 10

The last  line of 'Kamikaze' explains how the pilot must have wondered:

 

"Which had been the better way to die"

 

sunlight

 

 

Can you explain the language device used in this quotation?

 

 

For this question, you will have to write your answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: The poet suggests that the pilot's life was so bad when he returned that he must have wondered "which had been the better way to die". The poet uses a metaphor to describe the pilot's life as death, even though he returned from the war. This creates sympathy for the pilot as he suffered anyway, even though he did something brave and good. By returning home, he lost his family, friends and respect. The narrator suggests that although he made the right decision, he must sometimes wonder if it would've been easier for him not to have returned.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one point (AQA recommends that a student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 6.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation.
The paragraph should include a quotation, language technique and some evaluation

Try it ---- OR ----

Sign up for a £1 trial so you can track and measure your child's progress on this activity.

What is EdPlace?

We're your National Curriculum aligned online education content provider helping each child succeed in English, maths and science from year 1 to GCSE. With an EdPlace account you’ll be able to track and measure progress, helping each child achieve their best. We build confidence and attainment by personalising each child’s learning at a level that suits them.

Get started
laptop

Start your £1 trial today.
Subscribe from £10/month.