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Evaluate and Compare the poets' ideas in both 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland and 'Poppies' by Jane Weir

In this worksheet, students will compare the ideas expressed in both poems 'Kamilaze' and 'Poppies' and evaluate their effectiveness.

'Evaluate and Compare the poets' ideas in both 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland and 'Poppies' by Jane Weir' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 4

GCSE Subjects:   English Literature

GCSE Boards:   AQA

Curriculum topic:   Poetry

Curriculum subtopic:   Power and Conflict: 'Kamikaze'

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

For this activity, you will need to turn to the poem 'Kamikaze' by Beatrice Garland and 'Poppies' by Jane Weir. Both poems can be found in the Power and Conflict section of your anthology.

 

planepoppies

 

Both poems highlight the effects that conflict can have on families and men who go to war. The poems use strong imagery to describe how families are destroyed by the end of the poem and will never be the same again. The sadness created in both poems shows the difficulty of internal conflict too. The pilot in 'Kamikaze', who struggles between his love for his country and his need to turn around, and the mother in 'Poppies', who longs to tell her son not to go to war, but also knows that she must allow him this freedom.

 

In the following questions, you will compare and evaluate ideas expressed in both poems.

 

falling plane

 

In order to compare the writers' ideas in 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies', we need to understand their meaning. Read the poem 'Kamikaze' and match the questions to the correct answers below:

 

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
His family and neighbours ignore him for the rest ...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fighter pilots who wer...
Why does the pilot decide to turn back?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilot
What happens to the pilot when he returns home?
He realises what he is about to destroy and lose

War graves cemetery

 

Now read the poem 'Poppies' and match the questions to their answers below:

 

Column A

Column B

Who is the speaker in this poem?
Being Eskimos
What does the mother recall playing with her son?
A poppy
What does she compare his gelled hair with?
The mother
What does she remember pinning to his lapel?
Blackthorns
What does the speaker release from its cage?
A songbird

Both poets have used strong imagery to highlight quite different responses to the effects of conflict: the feeling that life goes on and life is precious.

 

The author of 'Kamikaze' has used sensory imagery and a semantic field of colour to remind the reader that life goes on.

 

underwater sea

 

Choose two quotations from below which you think create the idea of colour.

"Like a huge flag waved first one way"

"Green-blue translucent sea"

"And though he came back"

"Pearl-grey pebbles"

The author of 'Poppies' also creates strong imagery. She uses metaphor and symbolism to convey a very similar idea.

bird singing

 

The quotations below are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think uses symbolism to describe how the mother feels?

"After you'd gone I went into your bedroom, released a song bird from its cage"

"Sellotape bandaged around my hand"

"On reaching the top of the hill"

Both poets have chosen strong and sometimes unlikely language to encourage readers to consider the different emotions that people have felt when they went into conflicts.

 

The poem 'Kamikaze' starts by explaining how the pilot first felt about his mission.

 

Which quotation below do you think describes how the pilot started his journey?

 

 

 

"Her father embarked at sunrise"

"And though he came back"

"And his brothers waiting on the shore"

The poem 'Poppies' also considers the different emotions people have when they are faced with conflict.

 

The quotations below are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think shows how the mother feels about the conflict?

"A split second and you were away"

"I wanted to graze my nose across the tip of your nose"

"On reaching the top of the hill"

 

 

pebbles on beachchild wearing wellies

 

Read the following quotations from 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies'. How do they create the idea of childhood memories?

 

"Remembered how he and his brothers waiting on the shore"

 

"Play at being Eskimos like we did when you were little"

 

 

In this part of the exam, you will be asked to write a comparison of two poems from the Power and Conflict cluster. For this question, you will have to write your own answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

 

Both poets have used techniques to highlight the effects that conflict can have on family members of men who have gone to war.

 

In 'Kamikaze', the poet has used a simile to present emotions and feelings.

 

love heart

 

Which quotation below do you think is an example of a simile?

"Her father embarked at sunrise"

"And though he came back"

"To live as though he had never returned"

The poem 'Poppies' also uses a language technique to explain the effect of conflict.

 

Read the following quotation:

 

"Leaned against it like a wishbone"

 

Which language technique is used here? What is the effect on the reader?

 

Choose one answer from each column below.

"Her father embarked at sunrise"

"And though he came back"

"To live as though he had never returned"

Re-read the following quotations from 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies':

 

"As though he had never returned"

 

"Like a wishbone"

 

How do both of these quotations create the idea of loss?

 

In this part of the exam, you will be asked to write a comparison of two poems from the Power and Conflict cluster. For this question, you will have to write your own answer using the PEE format - Make a point give an example, explain with deeper detail.

 

 

  • Question 1

falling plane

 

In order to compare the writers' ideas in 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies', we need to understand their meaning. Read the poem 'Kamikaze' and match the questions to the correct answers below:

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the narrator of the poem?
The daughter of the Kamikaze pilo...
What is a 'Kamikaze'?
It is the name for Japanese fight...
Why does the pilot decide to turn...
He realises what he is about to d...
What happens to the pilot when he...
His family and neighbours ignore ...
EDDIE SAYS
'Kamikaze', a narrative poem, explores a Kamikaze pilot’s journey towards battle, his decision to return, and how he is shunned when he returns home. The story is told by his daughter to her children and there is a sense that, as the generations have passed, there is now sympathy towards the pilot.
  • Question 2

War graves cemetery

 

Now read the poem 'Poppies' and match the questions to their answers below:

 

CORRECT ANSWER

Column A

Column B

Who is the speaker in this poem?
The mother
What does the mother recall playi...
Being Eskimos
What does she compare his gelled ...
Blackthorns
What does she remember pinning to...
A poppy
What does the speaker release fro...
A songbird
EDDIE SAYS
The poem is about the nature of grief. The mother is speaking directly to her son, but a son who shifts in time. There is: The son leaving home for school on his own for the first time. The son who has just been killed. Beneath the surface the son dying violently in a field hospital in Afghanistan.
  • Question 3

Both poets have used strong imagery to highlight quite different responses to the effects of conflict: the feeling that life goes on and life is precious.

 

The author of 'Kamikaze' has used sensory imagery and a semantic field of colour to remind the reader that life goes on.

 

underwater sea

 

Choose two quotations from below which you think create the idea of colour.

CORRECT ANSWER
"Green-blue translucent sea"
"Pearl-grey pebbles"
EDDIE SAYS
Did you manage to find both quotes? The first section is full of vivid impressions of the senses. There is a semantic field of colour; "green-blue translucent", "dark shoals", "flashing silver" and "pearl-grey". The senses of touch ("feathery") and taste ("salt-sodden") are evoked. The impressions remind the pilot he is alive and life is for relishing.
  • Question 4

The author of 'Poppies' also creates strong imagery. She uses metaphor and symbolism to convey a very similar idea.

bird singing

 

The quotations below are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think uses symbolism to describe how the mother feels?

CORRECT ANSWER
"After you'd gone I went into your bedroom, released a song bird from its cage"
EDDIE SAYS
The “songbird” could be a metaphor for the mother’s emotions. When her son is out of sight, she can finally express her true feelings and the hurt/worry that she is feeling. It is evident that she is in distress when he leaves to go to war.
  • Question 5

Both poets have chosen strong and sometimes unlikely language to encourage readers to consider the different emotions that people have felt when they went into conflicts.

 

The poem 'Kamikaze' starts by explaining how the pilot first felt about his mission.

 

Which quotation below do you think describes how the pilot started his journey?

 

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
"Her father embarked at sunrise"
EDDIE SAYS
The first stanza describes the narrator’s father getting ready for the battle, and how he was all prepared for the Kamikaze attack that the Japanese used against the US Navy during World War II. The use of the verb "embarked" in the very first line of this stanza has double meaning; first to board a plane and second to embark upon a new adventure. This is a willingly done positive connotation, but reading through the whole poem it becomes clear that the pilot's feelings change.
  • Question 6

The poem 'Poppies' also considers the different emotions people have when they are faced with conflict.

 

The quotations below are all from 'Poppies'. Which one do you think shows how the mother feels about the conflict?

CORRECT ANSWER
"I wanted to graze my nose across the tip of your nose"
EDDIE SAYS
The speaker is longing for her son to be a child again. She wants to nurture him and protect him like she did when he was a child. However, this is contrasted with the harsh reality that he is going off to war and she realises the risks that he may encounter.
  • Question 7

 

 

pebbles on beachchild wearing wellies

 

Read the following quotations from 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies'. How do they create the idea of childhood memories?

 

"Remembered how he and his brothers waiting on the shore"

 

"Play at being Eskimos like we did when you were little"

 

 

In this part of the exam, you will be asked to write a comparison of two poems from the Power and Conflict cluster. For this question, you will have to write your own answer using the PEE format - Make a point, give an example, explain with deeper detail.

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example paragraph: The writers of both 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies' create the idea that childhood memories are extremely powerful. The writer of 'Kamikaze' uses the verb "waiting" to create the idea that the pilot and his brother had a carefree childhood, where they could spend their days playing on the beach. The writer of 'Poppies' uses "play" to explain the carefree childhood which she gave her son. Both writers create the idea that memories can appear at the most important times and change the way a person thinks.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one comparison point (AQA recommends that the student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 10.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation which links both poems together
The paragraph should include quotations, language techniques and some evaluation

  • Question 8

Both poets have used techniques to highlight the effects that conflict can have on family members of men who have gone to war.

 

In 'Kamikaze', the poet has used a simile to present emotions and feelings.

 

love heart

 

Which quotation below do you think is an example of a simile?

CORRECT ANSWER
"To live as though he had never returned"
EDDIE SAYS
How did you do? The quotation "To live as though he had never returned" is a simile used to describe how even the children stopped speaking to their father. This line demonstrates that the speaker finally accepts that the family had condemned the pilot to a form of living death.
  • Question 9

The poem 'Poppies' also uses a language technique to explain the effect of conflict.

 

Read the following quotation:

 

"Leaned against it like a wishbone"

 

Which language technique is used here? What is the effect on the reader?

 

Choose one answer from each column below.

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
The quotation "Leaned against it like a wishbone" is an example of a simile and tells the reader how desperate the mother is for her son to be alive. She wishes that he could come home, but the word "leaned" creates the impression that she knows he is dead, and is so exhausted by her sadness that she needs to lean on something for support.
  • Question 10

Re-read the following quotations from 'Kamikaze' and 'Poppies':

 

"As though he had never returned"

 

"Like a wishbone"

 

How do both of these quotations create the idea of loss?

 

In this part of the exam, you will be asked to write a comparison of two poems from the Power and Conflict cluster. For this question, you will have to write your own answer using the PEE format - Make a point give an example, explain with deeper detail.

 

 

CORRECT ANSWER
EDDIE SAYS
Example answer: Both poets create a sense of loss as a result of conflict and both lose a male member of their family. In the poem 'Kamikaze', the narrator explains how she lost her father when she uses a simile to explain how it was "as though he never returned". The narrator in 'Poppies' also uses a simile to explain how she "leaned against it like a wishbone" to describe how she is weakened by the loss of her son. Although both poets describe loss, there is the idea that the family in 'Kamikaze' choose not to accept the pilot back because he has dishonored them, whilst the mother in 'Poppies' physically cannot have her son back, as he has died in war.

Although the whole of this question is marked out of 30, for this answer the student will only be making one comparison point (AQA recommends that the student makes 3 comparison points throughout the essay) so we will mark this answer out of 10.
In order to gain full marks on this question the student should have written an extended paragraph that follows the PEE structure.
You should find a point, an example and an explanation which links both poems together
The paragraph should include quotations, language techniques and some evaluation

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