Look at these pictures:
Count the rows.
There are 4 rows.
Count the number of dogs in each row.
There are 2 dogs in each row.
We write this as: 4 × 2
To work out the answer, we count all the dogs.
We can count in 2s: 2, 4, 6, 8.
There are 8 dogs.
4 × 2 = 8
There are 5 rows.
There are 3 ladybirds in each row.
If we count all the ladybirds, we make a total of 15, but there is a quicker way to find out how many there are.
We write this as: 5 × 3
We could count in 3s or in 5s. Let's count in 5s because it is easier: 5, 10, 15
5 × 3 = 15
So, we know that there are 15 ladybirds in total.
Are you ready to have a go at some questions?