In this activity, we will be solving multiplication and division problems based on pictures.

Look at the pictures below which show a story.

There were 4 Cats. | Each cat had 3 Kittens. |

The first picture shows us four cats.

In the second picture, we can see that each cat now has 3 kittens.

How many kittens altogether?

We can find the total number of kittens either with repeated addition: 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12

Or, we could use the times tables fact 4 × 3 = 12

Both these calculations show the total number of kittens.

Let's try an example question together.

**Example**

Here are two cats:

Each cat has 3 kittens:

How many kittens are there altogether?

**Answer**

We can find the total number of kittens either with repeated addition: 3 + 3 = 6

Or, we could use the times tables fact 2 × 3 = 6

Both these calculations show that the total number of kittens is 6.

Now it's your turn to try some similar questions. Good luck!