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Written Multiplication of Two-Digit Numbers by One-Digit

In this worksheet, students must carry out formal written multiplications of two-digit numbers by single-digit numbers. Carrying is involved.

'Written Multiplication of Two-Digit Numbers by One-Digit' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Number: Multiplication and Division

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Written Form for Multiplication

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

Written multiplication can be done step-by-step by setting out the calculation carefully and remembering to regroup if necessary.

 

Example

Work out

78 × 7

 

Answer

1. Rewrite the calculation vertically, like this:

78 x 7

2. Then multiply the numbers in the ones column together, so 8 × 7 = 56

Write the 6 in the ones column and regroup the 5 tens below in the tens column. 

 

3. Next multiply the numbers in the tens column together, so 7 × 7 = 49 and add the 5 that was regrouped.

 

This gives us 49 + 5 = 54, so we write the 4 in the tens column and the 5 in the hundreds column.

 

So      78 × 7 = 546

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