# Check Answers to Word Problems by Rounding

In this worksheet, students will learn how to round numbers in order to check that answers to word problems are reasonable.

Key stage:  KS 2

Curriculum topic:   Number: Addition and Subtraction

Curriculum subtopic:   Use Rounding for Answers/Accuracy

Difficulty level:

#### Worksheet Overview

In this activity, we will be rounding numbers in order to check that answers to addition and subtraction problems are reasonable.

Rules for rounding

When rounding, we look at the digit to the right of the number we are rounding to

If we are rounding to a thousand we look at the digit in the hundreds column; when rounding to the nearest hundred we look at the tens column etc.

If this digit is less than 5, the number is rounded down.

If this digit is 5 or more, the number is rounded up.

Any digit in the columns to the right of this digit becomes a zero.

Let's look at some examples:

744 rounded to the nearest 100 would  be rounded down to 700

6,432  rounded to the nearest 1,000 would be rounded down to 6,000

18,264 rounded to the nearest 1,000 would be rounded down to 18,000

18,264 rounded to the nearest 10,000 would be rounded up to 19,000

Now let's use rounding to check that  the answer to a word problem is reasonable.

Car A travels 16,562 miles in a year.

Car B travels 18,215 miles in the same year.

How far do they travel in total?

First, calculate the answer:  16,562 + 18,215 = 34,777 miles

Now, let's round the numbers to the nearest 1,000 and then add them to see if the answer is reasonable.

17,000 + 18,000 = 35,000

Looking at the estimate, we can assume that 34,777 is probably the correct answer.

Now why don't you have a go at some questions like these?

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