The equals sign (=) is a very important mathematical statement that shows two things are equal in value.

**Example 1**

**True or false?**

124 x 2 = 199 + 49

**Answer 1:**

Work out each side separately

124 x 2 = 248

199 + 49 = 248

In this example, the two sides are both equal as they both total 248. Therefore the statement is** true.**

**Example 2:**

**True or false?**

14² = (5 x 8) + 144

Answer 2:

Work out each side separately

Remember that to square a number, means to multiply it by itself.

14² = 14 x 14 = 196

(5 x 8) + 144 = 40 + 144 = 184

Remember to complete operations in brackets first.

In this example, the sides are not equal, so it's **false.**