**Miles** and **kilometres** are used to measure distances.

An old Roman mile was 1000 paces, each of 2 steps.

A kilometre is a more modern metric measurement, equivalent to 1000 metres.

5 miles = 8 kilometres

1 mile = 8 ÷ 5 = 16 ÷ 10 = 1.6 km

A mile is longer than a kilometre.

To convert miles to kilometres

÷ 5 and × 8.

**Example**

Convert **30 miles** to kilometres.

**Answer**

30 ÷ 5 = 6

6 × 8 = **48 kilometres**