We're used to answering maths questions in the order that they are written, but this doesn't always give us the correct answer! Very strange!

There are some rules we need to follow when answering questions using + - x and ÷

These rules are called **BIDMAS**

Brackets, Powers or Indices, Division and Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction

BIDMAS simply tells us the order in which we must do things.

The B stands for brackets and tells us that we must do anything that is in brackets first.

In this activity, we are going to learn how to use** brackets** correctly and find out why they are important.

There are more rules to BIDMAS than this - once you've mastered this skill you'll be ready to move on to the next level.

Let's have a look at some questions using brackets:

6 + (9 ÷ 3) = 6 + 3 = 9 (brackets first, so do 9 ÷ 3 = 3 first)

7 + (8 x 2) = 7 + 16 = 23 (brackets first, so do 8 x 2 = 16 first)

(12 ÷ 4) + 10 = 3 + 10 = 13 (brackets first, so do 12 ÷ 4 = 3 first)

3 x (7 - 6) = 3 x 1 = 3 (brackets first, so do 7 - 6 = 1 first)

Let's see how brackets can affect an answer.

Here's a calculation written out twice with exactly the same numbers and symbols, but with the brackets in different places.

Look at how this affects our answer!!

3 x (6 - 3) = 3 x 3 = 9

(3 x 6) - 3 = 18 - 3 = 15

Quite a difference, right?

Let's put (3 x 6) - 3 = 15 into a word problem:

Three children each had 6 sweets: 3 children x 6 sweets = 18 sweets

On the way to school, they lost 3:

18 sweets - 3 sweets

How many sweets did they have left in total? = 15

Now, why don't you have a go at answering some similar questions?

Come back and have another look at this page if you get stuck by clicking on the red help button on the screen.