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Why Do We Choose Materials?

In this worksheet students build on their knowledge of choosing materials. They answer questions about the properties common to these materials. For example, Wood and plastic are stiff and hard.

'Why Do We Choose Materials?' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 1

Curriculum topic:  Everyday Materials

Curriculum subtopic:  Physical Properties of Everyday Materials

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

QUESTION 1 of 10

We can describe some materials in the same way. Some materials are stiff. When we want an object to be strong and stiff...


 

...we choose wood, or plastic, or metal. Wood, thick plastic and metal are all strong, stiff materials.


 

Knives, forks and spoons are made from metal or plastic. Which two words describe metal and plastic?

hard

stiff

rough

soft

We make mugs and plates from pottery. Which two words describe pottery?

strong

stiff

see-through

bendy


 

We also make cups and plates from plastic. Choose another word to describe pottery and plastic.

stretchy

water proof

fluffy

Towels can be made from which two materials?

cotton

paper

plastic

clay

Finish this sentence:

 

We use cotton and paper to make towels because cotton and paper... 

are stiff.

soak up water.

are bendy.


 

These pans are made from metal. We use metal to make pans because metal is... (choose two)

stretchy

strong

waterproof

dull

 We make jumpers from wool.


 

What kind of material is wool?

plastic

fabric

elastic

We make lots of clothes from wool and cotton. Choose two ways to describe why we make clothes from wool and cotton.

They are hard.

They are soft.

They keep us warm.

They are shiny.

Which two materials do we make bottles from?

paper

plastic

wood

glass


 

Choose two reasons why we make bottles from plastic and glass.

They are waterproof.

They are see-through.

They are heavy.

They are rough.

  • Question 1


 

Knives, forks and spoons are made from metal or plastic. Which two words describe metal and plastic?

CORRECT ANSWER
hard
stiff
EDDIE SAYS
Metal and plastic are hard, stiff materials. They are smooth (not rough) and they are not soft, which is why they are used to make knives, forks and spoons.
  • Question 2

We make mugs and plates from pottery. Which two words describe pottery?

CORRECT ANSWER
strong
stiff
EDDIE SAYS
Pottery (clay) is strong and stiff. This makes it a good material to use for mugs and plates as its keeps it shape so we can drink from it and eat off it.
  • Question 3


 

We also make cups and plates from plastic. Choose another word to describe pottery and plastic.

CORRECT ANSWER
water proof
EDDIE SAYS
Water proof means that the material will not let water go through it. We don't want to have soggy plates and cups!
  • Question 4

Towels can be made from which two materials?

CORRECT ANSWER
cotton
paper
EDDIE SAYS
We use cotton towels in our homes, to dry ourselves after our bath or shower. We use paper towels in public toilets to dry our hands.
We couldn't use plastic to make towels as it is waterproof and wouldn't soak up any water, and clay is too hard and stiff.
  • Question 5

Finish this sentence:

 

We use cotton and paper to make towels because cotton and paper... 

CORRECT ANSWER
soak up water.
EDDIE SAYS
Cotton and paper are bendy, but we use these materials to make towels because they soak up water.
  • Question 6


 

These pans are made from metal. We use metal to make pans because metal is... (choose two)

CORRECT ANSWER
strong
waterproof
EDDIE SAYS
We make pots and pans out of metal because it is very strong, so it is not damaged when the pan gets hot, and it is also waterproof so the food inside the pan does not leak out.
  • Question 7

 We make jumpers from wool.


 

What kind of material is wool?

CORRECT ANSWER
fabric
EDDIE SAYS
Wool grows on sheep! Wool is a kind of fabric.
  • Question 8

We make lots of clothes from wool and cotton. Choose two ways to describe why we make clothes from wool and cotton.

CORRECT ANSWER
They are soft.
They keep us warm.
EDDIE SAYS
Wool and cotton are soft, making them very comfortable. They also keep us nice and warm.
  • Question 9

Which two materials do we make bottles from?

CORRECT ANSWER
plastic
glass
EDDIE SAYS
Bottles are made from plastic or glass. This is because they are both strong but can be made into different shapes.
  • Question 10


 

Choose two reasons why we make bottles from plastic and glass.

CORRECT ANSWER
They are waterproof.
They are see-through.
EDDIE SAYS
Bottles are made from plastic and glass because it is waterproof, so the contents of the bottle stays inside it. It is also see-through, meaning that you can see what's inside the bottle.
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