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Identify the Predator and the Prey

In this worksheet, students will learn how to identify the prey and the predator in a food chain.

'Identify the Predator and the Prey' worksheet

Key stage:  KS 1

Year:  Year 2 Science worksheets

Curriculum topic:   Living Things and Their Habitats

Curriculum subtopic:   Animals: Food and Food Chains

Popular topics:   Biology worksheets, Biology old worksheets

Difficulty level:  

Worksheet Overview

All living things are linked through food chains.


Each animal has a different role in the chain depending on what kind of food they eat... this includes you!


We can split living things into three main categories:


1) Predator = an animal that hunts and kills other animals to eat. They are also called carnivores.


a lion roaring


2) Prey = an animal that is caught and killed by other animals to be eaten.


a zebra


3) Producer = an organism that makes its own food. Plants are producers as they make (or produce) their own food.




The Sun gives energy to all living things on the planet.



Every living thing on our planet needs energy to live and grow.


Think about when you come home from a long day at school tired and hungry. Your grown-ups will make you dinner to give you energy and help you grow!


Look at the food chain below.


Wheat grey mouse
 Sunlight  Wheat  Mouse  Cat


In every food chain, one living thing transfers energy (this means gives) to another living thing.


So, in the food chain above, energy from sunlight is used by the wheat.


The wheat gets energy from the Sun and grows.


The mouse gets energy from eating the wheat and grows.


The cat gets energy from eating the mouse and grows.


The cat is at the end of this food chain because it is the top predator - there isn't another animal that hunts/eats it (a bit like a tiny lion!)




The wheat is a producer because it makes its own food. 


grey mouse


The mouse is the prey because it's killed and eaten by the cat.



The cat is a predator because it kills and eats the mouse.


In the questions that follow, we will identify which animal is the predator, and which animal is the prey. You will also need to spot any producers - these are plants that make their own food.


little boy thinking


Now, it's over to you!

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